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  1. Agnes of France, Byzantine Empress. Not to be confused with Anne of France. Agnes of France, renamed Anna (1171 – 1220 ), was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to Alexios II Komnenos and Andronikos I Komnenos. She was a daughter of Louis VII of France and Adèle of Champagne .

  2. 02/10/2021 · http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_of_France_ (Byzantine_empress) Agnes of France (1171 – after 1204) was a daughter of Louis VII of France by his third wife Adèle of Champagne. She was a younger half-sister of Marie de Champagne, Alix of France, Marguerite of France and Alys, Countess of the Vexin.

    • "Агнес Френска"
    • Gonesse, Val-d'Oise, Ile-de-France, France
    • circa 1171
    • Betrothal and Marriage
    • Empress
    • Later Life
    • Cultural References
    • Notes
    • Sources
    • Bibliography

    In early 1178, Philip, Count of Flanders visited Constantinople on his way back from the Holy Land. The Eastern Roman Emperor Manuel I Komnenos, who had already entertained Louis VII in Constantinople at Christmas 1147 during the Second Crusade, was perhaps finally convinced by Philip that France would be a desirable ally in Western Europe. Over the winter of 1178-1179 an Imperial embassy accompanying Philip, and led by the Genoese Baldovino Guercio, was sent to the French court to secure a match between Agnes and Alexios, the only son and heir apparent of Manuel by his second wife Maria of Antioch. This or some similar marriage alliance had been favored by Pope Alexander IIIas early as 1171. It was not uncommon for princesses, when a future marriage had been agreed, to be brought up in their intended husband's family; this, indeed, is why Agnes probably never met her elder sister Alys, who lived in the Kingdom of England from the age of about nine, when her marriage to the future R...

    On September 24, 1180, Manuel died and Alexiossucceeded him as Emperor. He was too young to rule unaided; his mother, Maria of Antioch, exercised more influence in affairs of state than Alexios or Anna. In 1183 Maria of Antioch was displaced by a new power behind the throne, Andronikos I Komnenos. Andronikos was a first cousin of Manuel and was known to have harbored imperial ambitions for himself. He is believed to have arranged the deaths by poisoning of Maria Porphyrogenita and her husband Renier; he certainly imprisoned, and soon afterwards executed, Maria of Antioch.Andronikos was crowned co-ruler with Alexios; then, in October of the same year, he had Alexios strangled. Anna was now 12, and the approximately 65-year-old Andronikos married her. Andronikos had previously been married (his first wife's name is unknown). He had had sexual relationships with two nieces (Eudokia Komnene and Theodora Komnene) and with Philippa of Antioch. Philippa was a daughter of Constance of Antio...

    Anna survived Andronikos' fall and is next heard of in 1193, when she is said by a Western chronicler to have become the lover of Theodore Branas,a military leader who fought on the Empire's northern frontier. They did not at first marry. After the fall of Constantinople in 1204, Agnes derived respect from the Latin barons due to her being a former Empress. According to Robert of Clari, Agnes had a bad reputation and could only talk through a translator because she did not know French. At that time she was 30 years old and had spent most of her life in the Byzantine court. Anna and Theodore eventually married, at the urging of the Latin emperor Baldwin I of Constantinople, in summer 1204. Theodore Branas continued to fight for the Latin Empire, and is last heard of in 1219, by which time Agnes has already disappeared from the historical record. They had at least one daughter, who married Narjot de Toucy. Her date of death is sometimes given in modern genealogies as "1220" or "after...

    The crusader Robert of Clari, writing only 25 years after the event, is clear about the rich entourage that accompanied Agnes to Constantinople: 1. then the king arrayed his sister very richly and sent her with the messengers to Constantinople, and many of his people with her ... When they were come, the emperor did very great honor to the damsel and made great rejoicing over her and her people ... However, in that account the embassy is attributed to Agnes' brother, Philip II of France, though Philip did not succeed to the French throne until 18 September 1180. Agnes is the subject of the historical novel Agnes of France (1980) by Greek writer Kostas Kyriazis (b. 1920). The novel describes the events of the reigns of Manuel, Alexios and Andronikos through her eyes. She is also part of the cast of the sequels Fourth Crusade (1981) and Henry of Hainaut (1984). All three have been in print in Greecesince their first edition.

    Jump up ↑ Bernardo and Salem Maragone, Annales Pisanipp. 68-9 Gentile.
    Jump up ↑ Letter of Alexander III to Archbishop Henry of Reims, 28 February 1171 (Patrologia Latinavol. 200 column 783).
    Jump up ↑ Annales Pisani; Ottobono, Annales Genuenses, 1179.
    Jump up ↑ Garland. p. 5.

    Nicetas Choniates, Historia, ed. J.-L. Van Dieten, 2 vols. (Berlin and New York, 1975); trans. as O City of Byzantium, Annals of Niketas Choniates, by H.J. Magoulias (Detroit; Wayne State Universit...

    Cartellieri, Alexander. Philipp II. August, König von Frankreich. Vols 1-2. Leipzig: Dyksche Buchhandlung, 1899-1906.
    Magdalino, Paul. The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos. 2002.
  3. Agnes of France, renamed Anna (1171 – 1220[1]), was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to Alexios II Komnenos and Andronikos I Komnenos. She was a daughter of Louis VII of France and Adèle of Champagne. In early 1178, Philip, Count of Flanders visited Constantinople on his way back from the Holy Land.

  4. Agnes of France, renamed Anna (1171 – after 1204) was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to two Byzantine emperors, Alexios II Komnenos and Andronikos I Komnenos.. She was a daughter of Louis VII of France by his third spouse Adèle of Champagne and a younger half-sister of Marie de Champagne, Alix of France, Marguerite of France and Alys, Countess of the Vexin.

  5. Agnes-Anne of France (b. 1171) Byzantine empress. Name variations: Agnes of France. Born in 1171; died after 1240; daughter of Louis VII (1120–1180), king of France (r. 1137–1180), and Adele of Champagne (1145–1206); sister of Philip II Augustus, king of France (r. 1180–1223); became childbride of Alexius II Comnenus (1167–1183) Byzantine emperor ...

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