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  1. Alejandro I de Rusia (en ruso: Александр I Павлович, Aleksandr I Pávlovich; San Petersburgo, 23 de diciembre de 1777 - Taganrog, 1 de diciembre de 1825) fue emperador del Imperio ruso desde el 23 de marzo de 1801, rey del Zarato de Polonia desde 1815 y el primer gran duque de Finlandia . Índice 1 Biografía 2 Reinado 2.1 Legislación

  2. Alejandro I de Rusia (Alejandro I Pavlovich; San Petersburgo, 1777 - Taganrog, Crimea, 1825) Zar de Rusia, perteneciente a la dinastía Romanov. Accedió al Trono en 1801, al morir asesinado su padre, Pablo I, por la conspiración de Pahlen (en la que había participado Alejandro).

  3. Alejandro I Pavlovich, zar de Rusia, rey de Polonia y Gran Duque de Finlandia después del Congreso de Viena en el año 1815 que perteneció a la dinastía Romanov, quien planificó el asesinato del padre para llegar a su mandato. Sumario 1 Síntesis biográfica 1.1 Mandato 1.2 Política internacional 1.3 Congreso de Viena 1.4 Muerte 2 Fuentes

  4. Alejandro I Pavlovich Zar de Rusia (1801-1825) Nació el 23 de diciembre de 1777 en San Petersburgo. Hijo del zar Pablo I. Puso fin a muchos castigos crueles infligidos en aquella época y estableció un ordenado sistema administrativo.

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    Alexander was born at 10:45, on 23 December 1777 in Saint Petersburg, and he and his younger brother Constantine were raised by their grandmother, Catherine. He was baptized on 31 December in Grand Church of the Winter Palace by mitred archpriest Ioann Ioannovich Panfilov (confessor of Empress Catherine II), his godmother was Catherine the Great an...

    Catherine's death in November 1796, before she could appoint Alexander as her successor, brought his father, Paul, to the throne. Alexander disliked him as emperor even more than he did his grandmother. He wrote that Russia had become a "plaything for the insane" and that "absolute power disrupts everything". It is likely that seeing two previous r...


    Alexander became Emperor of Russia when his father was assassinated 23 March 1801. Alexander, then 23 years old, was in the palace at the moment of the assassination and his accession to the throne was announced by General Nicholas Zubov, one of the assassins. Historians still debate Alexander's role in his father's murder. The most common theory is that he was let into the conspirators' secret and was willing to take the throne but insisted that his father should not be killed. Becoming empe...

    Domestic policy

    The Orthodox Church initially exercised little influence on Alexander's life. The young emperor was determined to reform the inefficient, highly centralised systems of government that Russia relied upon. While retaining for a time the old ministers, one of the first acts of his reign was to appoint the Private Committee, comprising young and enthusiastic friends of his own—Viktor Kochubey, Nikolay Novosiltsev, Pavel Stroganov and Adam Jerzy Czartoryski—to draw up a plan of domestic reform, wh...

    Views held by his contemporaries

    Called an autocrat and "Jacobin", a man of the world and a mystic, Alexander appeared to his contemporaries as a riddle which each read according to his own temperament. Napoleon Bonaparte thought him a "shifty Byzantine", and called him the Talma of the North, as ready to play any conspicuous part. To Metternich he was a madman to be humoured. Castlereagh, writing of him to Lord Liverpool, gave him credit for "grand qualities", but added that he is "suspicious and undecided"; and to Jefferso...

    Peace of Paris and the Congress of Vienna

    Alexander tried to calm the unrest of his conscience by correspondence with the leaders of the evangelical revival on the continent, and sought for omens and supernatural guidance in texts and passages of scripture. It was not, however, according to his own account, till he met the Baroness de Krüdener—a religious adventuress who made the conversion of princes her special mission—at Basel, in the autumn of 1813, that his soul found peace. From this time a mystic pietism became the avowed forc...

    Liberal political views

    Once a supporter of limited liberalism, as seen in his approval of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland in 1815,[citation needed] from the end of the year 1818 Alexander's views began to change. A revolutionary conspiracy among the officers of the guard, and a foolish plot to kidnap him on his way to the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle, are said to have shaken his liberal beliefs. At Aix he came for the first time into intimate contact with Metternich. From this time dates the ascendancy of...

    Revolt of the Greeks

    At the Congress of Laibach, which had been adjourned in the spring of 1821, Alexander received news of the Greek revolt against the Ottoman Empire. From this time until his death, Alexander's mind was conflicted between his dreams of a stable confederation of Europe and his traditional mission as leader of the Orthodox crusade against the Ottomans. At first, under the careful advice of Metternich, Alexander chose the former. Siding against the Greek revolt for the sake of stability in the reg...

    On 9 October 1793, Alexander married Louise of Baden, known as Elizabeth Alexeievna after her conversion to the Orthodox Church. He later told his friend Frederick William III that the marriage, a political match devised by his grandmother, Catherine the Great, regrettably proved to be a misfortune for him and his spouse. Their two children died yo...

    With his mental health deteriorating, Alexander grew increasingly suspicious of those around him, more withdrawn, more religious, and more passive. Some historians conclude his profile "coincides precisely with the schizophrenic prototype: a withdrawn, seclusive, rather shy, introvertive, unaggressive, and somewhat apathetic individual". In the aut...

    Alexander's letters to his grandfather, Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, (together with letters from his siblings) written between 1795 and 1797, are preserved in the State Archive of Stuttgart (Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart) in Stuttgart, Germany.

    Hartley, Janet M. et al. eds. Russia and the Napoleonic Wars(2015), new scholarship
    Lieven, Dominic. Russia Against Napoleon (2011) excerpt
    McConnell, Allen. Tsar Alexander I: Paternalistic Reformer (1970) online free to borrow
    Palmer, Alan. Alexander I: Tsar of War and Peace(Faber & Faber, 2014).
  5. 08/04/2018 · La Historia del Mundo Alejandro I y los grandes escritores, protagonistas de la Rusia del S. XIX Diana Uribe hace un recorrido por la historia y el papel ruso en la configuración del orden europeo y la caída de la campaña napoleonica. Caracol Radio Rusia 08/04/2018 - 14:12 COT Historia del Mundo hace un recorrido por la historia de Rusia.

  6. 20/12/2017 · Alejandro I, Emperador y Autócrata de todas las Rusias. Zar del imperio ruso desde 1801 hasta 1825. Estableció amistad con Napoleón por un período de tiempo. Sin embargo, por presión de la nobleza rusa y de algunos familiares, la alianza se rompió y Alejandro se convirtió nuevamente en enemigo de Francia.