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  1. Alexander William George Duff, 1st Duke of Fife, KG, KT, GCVO, VD, PC styled Viscount Macduff between 1857 and 1879 and known as The Earl Fife between 1879 and 1889, was a British peer who married Princess Louise, the third child and eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

    • Overview
    • Early life
    • Political and diplomatic career

    His Grace The Duke of Fife KG KT GCVO VD PC The Duke of Fife with his wife Louise, Princess Royal, about 1911 Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms In office 3 May 1880 – 21 January 1881 Preceded by The Earl of Coventry Succeeded by The Marquess of Huntly Personal details Born (1849-11-10)10 November 1849 Edinburgh, Scotland Died 29 January 1912(1912-01-29) (aged 62) Aswan, Egypt Spouse(s) Louise, Princess Royal (m. 1889)

    Fife was born Alexander Duff in Edinburgh, the son of James Duff and his wife, Lady Agnes Hay. His father was a grandson of the 3rd Earl Fife and heir presumptive to the 4th Earl Fife. His mother was the second daughter of the 18th Earl of Erroll and his wife, Elizabeth FitzClarence, an illegitimate daughter of King William IV. When his father succeeded as 5th Earl Fife in 1857, Duff acquired the courtesy title of Viscount Macduff. He attended Eton from 1863 to 1866.

    Fife served as Member of Parliament for the Elginshire and Nairnshire constituency, in Scotland, from 1874 to 1879. On 7 August 1879, he succeeded his father as 6th Earl Fife in the Peerage of Ireland (and as 2nd Baron Skene in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which title gave him a seat in the House of Lords). He served under William Ewart Gladstone as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms from 1880 to 1881, and served on a special diplomatic mission to the King of Saxony in 18...

    • Primeros años
    • Carrera Política Y Diplomática
    • Matrimonio
    • Títulos Y Honores
    • años Después
    • Títulos Y Tratamientos

    Alexander nació en Edimburgo, hijo de James Duff (nieto del III conde de Fife y presunto heredero de su tío, el IV conde de Fife) y su esposa lady Agnes Hay, segunda hija del XVIII conde de Erroll y de lady Elizabeth Fitzclarence (hija ilegítima del rey Guillermo IV). Cuando su padre se convirtió en V conde de Fife, en 1857, asumió el título de cortesía de vizconde Macduff. Asistió a Etondesde 1863 hasta 1866.

    Fife se desempeñó como miembro del Parlamento por Engilshire y Nairnshire, en Escocia, desde 1874 hasta 1879. El 7 de agosto de 1879, sucedió a su padre como VI conde de Fife en la nobleza de Irlanda (y como II barón Skene en la Nobleza del Reino Unido, cuyo título le dio un escaño en la Cámara de los Lores). Sirvió a las órdenes de William Gladstone como capitán del Honorable Cuerpo de Caballeros de Armas desde 1880 a 1881, y sirvió en una misión diplomática especial al rey de Sajonia en 1882. También fue lord teniente de Elginshire de 1872 a 1902. En 1885, la reina Victoria lo creó conde de Fife en la nobleza del Reino Unido. Ayudó a fundar la Compañía Británica de Sudáfrica, y se desempeñó como uno de sus vicepresidentes hasta 1896.

    El sábado 27 de julio de 1889, lord Fife se casó con la princesa Luisa de Gales, hija mayor de los entonces príncipe y princesa de Gales, en la Capilla Privada del Palacio de Buckingham. La pareja eran primos en tercer grado en descendencia de Jorge III. La boda fue el segundo acontecimiento en que un descendiente de la reina Victoria se casaba con un ciudadano británico (el primero fue el matrimonio de la princesa Luisa, cuarta hija de la reina, con John George Campbell, IX duque de Argyll). Dos días después de la boda, la reina concedió a lord Fife los títulos de duque de Fife y marqués de Macduff, en el condado de Banff, en la nobleza del Reino Unido. El duque de Fife y la princesa Luisa tuvieron tres hijos: 1. Alastair Duff, marqués de Macduff (muerto en 1890). 1. Lady Alejandra Duff (17 de enero de 1891-26 de febrero de 1959) se casó con su primo segundo el príncipe Arturo de Connaught. 1. Lady Maud Duff (3 de abril de 1893-14 de diciembre de 1945) casada con Charles Carnegie,...

    El duque de Fife recibió una patente real como duque de Fife y conde de Macduff en la nobleza del Reino Unido, en abril de 1900, con un permiso especial para sus hijas y sus descendientes varones. El resultado fue que ostentó dos ducados de Fife, el de la creación de 1889 (con subsidiario en el marquesado de Macduff), que se extinguiría a falta de un hijo varón, y el de la creación de 1900 (con subsidiario en el condado de Macduff), que heredaría su hija mayor en ausencia de un hijo. En noviembre de 1905, su suegro, el rey Eduardo VII, otorgó el título de princesa real a la duquesa de Fife y declaró que lady Alejandra Duff y lady Maud Duff en adelante llevarían el título de princesas de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda con el tratamiento de su altezade esta forma fueron tituladas Sus altezas las princesas Alejandra y Maud de Fife. La reina Victoria nombró al futuro duque de Fife caballero de la Orden del Cardo en 1881. Recibió la Real Cadena Victoriana en 1902. Su cuñado, el rey Jorge V, le n...

    En noviembre de 1911, mientras navegaba hacia Egipto en el SS Delhi, el duque y su familia naufragaron frente a las costas de Marruecos. A pesar de que resultó ileso, el duque cayó enfermo de pleuresía, probablemente a consecuencia del naufragio. Murió en Asuán, Egipto, en enero de 1912. Su hija mayor, la princesa Alejandra, le sucedió en el ducado de 1900, convirtiéndose en duquesa de Fife y condesa de Macduff por derecho propio. Los otros títulos del duque, incluido el ducado de 1889, se extinguieron. El duque fue enterrado en la Capilla Privada, mausoleo de Mar Lodge, Braemar, Aberdeenshire.

    1849-1857: Alexander Duff.
    1857-1874: Vizconde Macduff.
    1874-1879: Vizconde Macduff, MP.
    1879-1880: Su señoría el conde de Fife.
    1880-1881: Su señoría el conde de Fife, PC.
    1881-1889: Su señoría el conde de Fife, KT, PC.
    • Alejandro Guillermo Jorge
    • Título creado por la Reina Victoria
  2. Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife. Alexander William George Duff, 1st Duke of Fife, KG, KT, GCVO, VD, PC (10 November 1849 – 29 January 1912), styled Viscount Macduff between 1857 and 1879 and known as The Earl Fife between 1879 and 1889, was a Scottish peer who married Princess Louise, the third child and eldest daughter of King Edward VII and ...

  3. 22/11/2020 · Alexander William George Duff, 1st Duke of Fife, KG, KT, GCVO, VD, PC (10 November 1849 – 29 January 1912) styled Viscount Macduff between 1857 and 1879 and known as The Earl Fife between 1879 and 1889, was a Scottish peer who married Princess Louise, the third child and eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

    • "Viscount Macduff", "The Earl Fife"
    • November 10, 1849
    • Early Life
    • Political and Diplomatic Career
    • Marriage
    • Death and Funeral
    • Titles and Honours
    • Shorthand Styles from Birth to Death
    • External Links

    Fife was born in Edinburgh, the son of James Duff (a grandson of the 3rd Earl Fife and heir presumptive to his uncle, the 4th Earl Fife) and his wife, the former Lady Agnes Hay, second daughter of the 18th Earl of Erroll and the former Lady Elizabeth FitzClarence (an illegitimate daughter of William IV). When his father succeeded as 5th Earl Fife in 1857, he acquired the courtesy title Viscount Macduff. He attended Etonfrom 1863 to 1866.

    Fife served as Member of Parliament for the Elginshire and Nairnshire constituency, in Scotland, from 1874 to 1879. On 7 August 1879, he succeeded his father as 6th Earl Fife in the Peerage of Ireland (and as 2nd Baron Skene in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which title gave him a seat in the House of Lords). He served under William Ewart Gladstone as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms from 1880 to 1881, and served on a special diplomatic mission to the King of Saxony in 1882. He was also Lord-Lieutenant Elginshire from 1872 to 1902. In 1885, Queen Victoria created him Earl of Fife in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He helped found the Chartered Company of South Africa, and served as one of its vice presidents until the 1896 Jameson Raid.

    On Saturday 27 July 1889, Lord Fife married Princess Louise, the eldest daughter of the then-Prince and Princess of Wales, at the Private Chapel at Buckingham Palace. The couple were third cousins in descent from George III. The wedding marked the second time a descendant of Queen Victoria married a British subject (the first being the marriage of The Princess Louise, the Queen's fourth daughter, to the Duke of Argyll). Two days after the wedding, the Queen elevated Lord Fife to the further dignity of Duke of Fife and Marquess of Macduff, in the County of Banff, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The marriage of the Duke of Fife and Princess Louise produced three children: 1. Alastair Duff (styled Marquess of Macduff, stillborn 1890). 2. Lady Alexandra Duff (later styled H.H Princess Alexandra of Fife, 17 May 1891 – 26 February 1959) married her first cousin once removed Prince Arthur of Connaught(13 January 1883 – 12 September 1938), and had issue. 3. Lady Maud Duff (later style...

    In December 1911, while sailing to Egypt on the SS Delhi, the Duke and his family were shipwrecked off the coast of Morocco. They spent some time in the water before being rescued and then had to walk 4 miles to accommodation. Although they escaped unharmed, the Duke fell ill with pleurisy, probably contracted as a result of the shipwreck. He died at Aswan in Egypt on 29 January 1912, and his elder daughter, Princess Alexandra, succeeded to the 1900 dukedom, becoming Duchess of Fife and Countess of Macduff in her own right.The Duke's other titles, including the 1889 Dukedom, became extinct. The Duke's body was repatriated to the United Kingdom on ship, in a lead coffin. It rested in the Royal Vault below St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle from 28 February 1912 until 6 August 1912, when it was transferred to Scotland for burial in the Private Chapel, Mar Lodge, Braemar, Aberdeenshire. The Glasgow Heraldreported:

    The Duke of Fife received a new patent as Duke of Fife and Earl of Macduff in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in April 1900, with special remainder to his daughters by Princess Louise and their heirs male. The result was that he held two Dukedoms of Fife; the 1889 creation (with the subsidiary Marquessate of Macduff) would become extinct in the absence of a son and the 1900 creation (with the subsidiary Earldom of Macduff) would devolve upon his elder daughter in the absence of a son. In November 1905, his father-in-law, now King Edward VII, bestowed the title Princess Royalon the Duchess of Fife and declared that Lady Alexandra Duff and Lady Maud Duff should henceforth hold the title of Princess of Great Britain and Ireland with the style Highness. Queen Victoria created the future Duke of Fife a Knight of the Thistle; George V created him an Extra Knight of the Garter. He was also sworn a Privy Counsellor in 1880. At the coronation of his father-in-law, King Edward VII, in Augus...

    Alexander Duff Esq (1849–1857)
    Viscount Macduff (1857–1874)
    Viscount Macduff, MP (1874–1879)
    The Rt Hon.The Earl Fife (1879–1880)
    Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Fife
    Glasgow Herald, 9 August 1912, p. 8 (online)
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