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  1. Archduchy of Austria. ^a The title "Archduke of Austria" remained part of the official grand title of the rulers of Austria until 1918. The Archduchy of Austria ( German: Erzherzogtum Österreich) was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire and the nucleus of the Habsburg monarchy. With its capital at Vienna, the archduchy was centered at ...

  2. Signature. Archduke Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was the heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary. His assassination in Sarajevo was the most immediate cause of World War I . Franz Ferdinand was the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, the younger brother of Emperor ...

    • Early Life
    • Military Career
    • Heir to The Throne
    • Marriage and Family
    • Trip to Sarajevo
    • Assassination
    • Legacy
    • Sources

    Franz Ferdinand was born Franz Ferdinand Karl Ludwig Joseph on December 18, 1863, in Graz, Austria. He was the eldest son of Archduke Carl Ludwig and the nephew of Emperor Franz Josef. He was educated by private tutors throughout his youth.

    Ferdinand was destined to join the Austro-Hungarian army and quickly rose through the ranks. He was promoted five times until he was made a major general in 1896. He had served in both Pragueand Hungary. It was no surprise when later, as heir to the throne, he was appointed to be the inspector general of the Austro-Hungarian army. It was while serv...

    In 1889, the son of Emperor Franz Josef, Crown Prince Rudolf, committed suicide. Franz Ferdinand's father Karl Ludwig became next in line to the throne. Upon Karl Ludwig's death in 1896, Franz Ferdinand became the heir apparent to the throne. As a result, he took on new responsibilities and was trained to eventually become the emperor.

    Ferdinand first met Countess Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Chotek von Chotkova und Wognin in 1894 and soon fell in love with her. However, she was not considered a suitable spouse since she was not a member of the House of Habsburg. It took a few years and the intervention of other heads of state before Emperor Franz Josef would agree to the marria...

    In 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was invited to Sarajevoto inspect the troops by General Oskar Potiorek, the governor of Bosnia-Herzegovina, one of the Austrian provinces. Part of the appeal of the trip was that his wife, Sophie, would be not only welcomed but also allowed to ride in the same car with him. This was otherwise not allowed due to the...

    After meeting with Potiorek at City Hall, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie decided to visit those wounded from the grenade in the hospital. However, their driver made a wrong turn and drove right past a Black Hand conspirator named Gavrilo Princip. When the driver slowly backed up out of the street, Princip pulled a gun and fired several shots into the c...

    The Black Hand attacked Franz Ferdinand as a call for independence for Serbians who lived in Bosnia, part of former Yugoslavia. When Austro-Hungary retaliated against Serbia, Russia—which was then allied with Serbia—joined the war against Austria-Hungary. This started a series of conflicts that eventually led to World War I. Germany declared war on...

    Brook-Shepherd, Gordon. "Archduke of Sarajevo: the Romance and Tragedy of Franz Ferdinand of Austria." Little, Brown, 1984.
    Clark, Christopher M. "The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914." Harper Perennial, 2014.
    King, Greg, and Sue Woolmans. "The Assassination of the Archduke: Sarajevo 1914 and the Romance That Changed the World." St. Martin's Griffin, 2014.
    • History Expert
  3. An Archduchess or Archduke was the son/daughter of the Empereror or Kaiser of Austria. This short article about Europe can be made longer. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Retrieved from "". Category:

  4. Friedrichs Mündel, Ladislaus Postumus , was the first to legally hold the title of Archidux Austriae (Arch-Duke of Austria) under imperial law , which was held by the Habsburgs until 1918 and was part of the great title of the Emperor of Austria from 1804 .