Archibald Douglas, Earl of Douglas and Wigtown, Lord of Galloway, Douglas and Bothwell (c. 1330 – c. 24 December 1400), called Archibald the Grim or Black Archibald, was a late medieval Scottish nobleman. Archibald was the bastard son of Sir James "the Black" Douglas, Robert I 's trusted lieutenant, and an unknown mother.
Douglas, Archibald [called Archibald the Grim, Archibald the Terrible], lord of Galloway and third earl of Douglas (c.1320–1400), magnate, was the illegitimate son of Sir James Douglas, lord of Douglas (d. 1330). He took his third nickname from his and his father's dark complexions.
Archibald Douglas 3rd Earl de Douglas was born in 1328, in Hermiston, Midlothian, Scotland as the son of Sir James the Good Douglas and Lady Isabel Stewart. He married Jonna de Moray (Moravia) Lady of Bothwell, Countess of Douglas on 23 July 1362, in Scotland. They were the parents of at least 3 sons and 4 daughters.
- Early life
- Battle of Poitiers
Archibald the Grim also known as Blak (Black) Archibald (c. 1328–1400), 3rd Earl of Douglas, Earl of Wigtown, Lord of Douglas, Lord of Bothwell and Lord of Galloway was a late medieval Scottish magnate. Archibald the Grim was a bastard son by an unknown mother of Sir James "the Black" Douglas, Robert I's trusted lieutenant. A first cousin of Willia...
He was an infant when his father went on crusade and was killed at the Battle of Teba whilst fighting the Moors. According to Walter Bower, "He was dark and ugly more like a coco than a Noble" which was possibly an insult to his illegitimacy rather than a physical description. Jean le Bel in his chronicle describes Douglas, as an adult, as a large ...
Battle of Poitiers Archibald's first major appearance in history is recorded in 1356 at the Battle of Poitiers where he was captured by the English. Archibald had accompanied his cousin, William Lord of Douglas, to serve King John II of France in his wars against the Black Prince. Edward III of England had concluded truce negotiations with the Scot...
Archibald era el hijo bastardo de Sir James "the Black" Douglas, el teniente de confianza de Robert I y una madre desconocida. Un primo hermano de William 1st Earl of Douglas, heredó el condado de Douglas y sus propiedades como el tercer conde después de la muerte, sin un problema legítimo de James 2nd Earl of Douglas en la Batalla de Otterburn.
02/10/2021 · Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas lived from 1328 to 24 December 1400. Also known as Archibald the Grim, he later became Lord of Galloway and easily one of the most powerful men in southern Scotland in his day. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline.
Archibald Douglas, Earl of Douglas and Wigtown, Lord of Galloway, Douglas and Bothwell (c. 1330 – c. 24 December 1400), called Archibald the Grim or Black Archibald, was a late medieval Scottish nobleman. Archibald was the bastard son of Sir James "the Black" Douglas, Robert I's trusted lieutenant, and an unknown mother.