L’architecture baroque apparaît au début du XVII e siècle en Italie et se propage rapidement dans toute l'Europe.Elle utilise le vocabulaire esthétique de l'architecture Renaissance d'une façon nouvelle, plus rhétorique, plus théâtrale, plus ostensible, afin de servir le projet absolutiste et triomphal de l'Église et des États.
Early French Baroque. The French Baroque, from the beginning, was an expression of the power and majesty of the Kings of France. It proceeded deliberately in a different direction from Italy and the rest of Europe, combining classical elements, especially colossal orders of columns, and avoiding the exuberant decoration that appeared on facades and interiors in Spain, Germany and Central Europe.
The Baroque Revival, also known as Neo-Baroque (or Second Empire architecture in France and Wilhelminism in Germany), was an architectural style of the late 19th century. The term is used to describe architecture and architectural sculptures which display important aspects of Baroque style, but are not of the original Baroque period.
Baroque architecture was linked to the Counter-Reformation, celebrating the wealth of the Catholic Church. It was characterized by new explorations of form, light and shadow, and dramatic intensity. Bernini was the master of Baroque architecture in Rome; St. Peter’s Square was one of his greatest achievements.