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  1. Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim ( Askainen, 4 de junio de 1867 - Suiza, 27 de enero de 1951) fue un noble, militar y político finlandés, mariscal y comandante en jefe de las Fuerzas Armadas de Finlandia, y sexto presidente de la República de Finlandia (1944-1946). Mannerheim nació en la mansión Louhisaari, en Askainen, en el seno de una ...

  2. Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim was born in the Louhisaari Manor of the Askainen parish (current Masku) on June 4, 1867. After Mannerheim's father left the family for his mistress in 1880, his mother and her seven children went to live with her aunt Louise, but she died the following year.

    • Overview
    • Ancestry and early life
    • Officer in the Imperial Russian Army

    Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Marshal of Finland 6th President of Finland In office 4 August 1944 – 11 March 1946 Prime Minister Antti Hackzell Urho Castrén Juho Kusti Paasikivi Preceded by Risto Ryti Succeeded by Juho Kusti Paasikivi Chief of Defence of the Finnish Defence Forces In office 17 October 1939 – 12 January 1945 Preceded by Hugo Viktor Österman Succeeded by Axel Erik Heinrichs In office 28 January 1918 – 30 May 1918 Preceded by post created Succeeded by Karl Fredrik...

    The Mannerheim family descends from a German businessman and mill owner from Hamburg, Hinrich Marhein (1618–1667), who emigrated to Gävle in Sweden and adopted the Swedish spelling of his first name, Henrik. His son Augustin Marhein changed his surname to Mannerheim and was raised to the nobility by King Charles XI in 1693. Augustin Mannerheim's son, Johan Augusin Mannerheim, an artillery colonel and mill manager, was raised to the status of Baron at the same time as his brother in 1768 ...

    Mannerheim (right) with a fellow student, Antanas Ričardas Druvė in Nicholas Cavalry School, St Petersburg, late 1880s. At the end of July 1887, Mannerheim was informed that he could take the entrance examination of the Nicolas Cavalry School in St. Petersburg. He passed the exam and swore his soldier's oath to the Tsar of Russia on 16 September 1887. Mannerheim graduated in 1889, tenth in his class after falling from second place following a drunken argument about Finnish autonomy with a ......

  3. Carl Gustaf Mannerheim, in full Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, (born June 4, 1867, Askainen, Finland—died Janaury 27, 1951, Lausanne, Switzerland), Finnish military leader and conservative statesman who successfully defended Finland against greatly superior Soviet forces during World War II and served as the country’s president (1944–46).

    • A Remarkable Career
    • The Life of Carl Gustaf Mannerheim
    • Finland’s War Hero
    • An International Hero

    Mannerheim spent less than 30 years in Russia, mainly in Saint Petersburg, serving in the Russian Imperial Army. During the period 1891 – 1893, Carl Gustaf became a lieutenant general in Finland’s Army, as well as an imperial army cavalry corps commander with close connections to the Emperor himself, who bestowed him with membership into his suite. General Mannerheim is considered to be one of the most successful military commanders in history. He fought for Russia on two battlefronts and was decorated with St George’s Cross, which he received just before the First World War began. His bravery led him to be an officer at a young age, famous for his military talent and ability. General Mannerheim was not only an able military leader, but also a skilled horseman. In fact, his prowess in equestrian sports won him the attention of high-ranking government officials, who later chose him for the formidable task of undertaking a surveillance mission on horseback through Asia that lasted two...

    Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim – the son of Count Carl Robert Mannerheim and Héléne von Julin. His childhood home was broken up by his father’s unsuccessful business exploits and eventual move abroad. He lost his mother in 1881, upon which the seven children were placed with relatives. Gustaf’s uncle, Albert von Julin, was the guardian of Mannerheim. Gustaf underwent a traumatic childhood, and these experiences left their mark on his education. Mannerheim undertook his formal schooling in Helsinki Private Lyceum (1874-1879), then in Hamina (1881-1882), then the school of the Finnish Cadet Corps in Hamina in 1882, at the age of 15. However, he was later dismissed in 1886 for misconduct. Finally, in January 1891, Mannerheim was assigned to serve in the Chevalier Guards in St. Petersburg. He was arranged to be married to Anastasie Arapova (1872-1936), who was the daughter of the Russian Major-General Nikolai Arapov. The marriage was primarily set up for economic reasons. Carl Gustaf and A...

    The 1917 Russian Revolution in October led Carl Gustaf to return to Finland, which had recently gained independence from Russia. When the Finnish parliament needed someone to restore order in Finland, they appointed Mannerheim. He disarmed 40,000 Russian troops allotted in Finland, and put down rebels after a three-month campaign. After all was said and done, peace had prevailed again. By May 1918, Finland had been restored. “The task of the army is accomplished. Our country is free. From the Tundras of Lapland, from the remotest skerries of Aaland to Systerback, the Lion flag is flying. The people of Finland have flung away the chains of centuries and stand ready to take the place that properly belongs to them.” Mannerheim Mannerheim stood in presidential elections in 1918, but lost only narrowly to K Ståhlberg. However, he signed Finland’s constitution into law later that year in July 1919, before staying out of politics until 1923, till he finally became president in 1944.

    With an impeccable military record, Mannerheim served in the Russian Imperial Army for decades and became a war hero to Finland. Carl Gustaf became a symbol of the Finnish struggle during the Winter War of 1939-1940 against Soviet Russia. He was hailed as an international hero, with many people recognizing his bravery throughout Western Europe as the man that led 105 days of resistance without surrendering even after being outnumbered by a superior enemy. In the hopes that he would be able to negotiate a separate peace with the Soviets, Carl was assigned as president. And so it happened: He signed an armistice in September, and this eventually led up to Finland’s having severe concessions than those made after their Winter War battles. In 1946, Gustaf Mannerheim resigned as President of Finland due to poor health. He moved to Switzerland and spent the last few years in relative quiet, before he passed away at Lausanne in 1951 when he was 83-years old. His body was returned back home...

  4. Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheimin isä, kamarijunkkari, kreivi Carl Robert Mannerheim 1835-1914 oli runoilija, kirjailija ja teollisuusmies. Liiketoimet eivät menestyneet ja hän joutui vararikkoon. Louhisaari myytiin 1880 hänen sisarelleen Mimmille (Eva Carolina) Mannerheimille.

    • "Gustaf"
    • Louhisaari Mansion, Askainen, Finland
    • June 04, 1867
  5. 04/06/2012 · Finland President, Finland Army General. He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish Armed Forces during the 1939 to 1940 Winter War and the 1941 to 1944 Continuation War. He then served as President of Finland from 1944 to 1946.

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