James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge KG (12 July 1663 – 20 June 1667) was the second son of the Duke of York (later James II of England) and his first wife, Anne Hyde. In 1664, the infant James became the first Duke of Cambridge and Baron of Dauntsey , titles his uncle, King Charles II , created especially for him.
The current Jacobite heir to the claims of the historical Stuart monarchs is Franz, Duke of Bavaria, of the House of Wittelsbach. The senior living member of the royal Stewart family, descended in a legitimate male line from Robert II of Scotland, is Arthur Stuart, 8th Earl Castle Stewart .
Charles Edward Stuart (31 December 1720 – 31 January 1788), nicknamed "Bonnie Prince Charlie" Henry Benedict Stuart (11 March 1725 – 13 July 1807), a cardinal of the Catholic Church; Bonnie Prince Charlie. Following James's failure, attention turned to his son Charles, "the Young Pretender", who led the major uprising of 1745.
The italicised henceforth "Duke of Rothesay, etc (1469 & 1540)" Charles Stuart: 1612 (death of older brother) 1625 (acceded as Charles I) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1616), Duke of Rothesay, etc. (1469 & 1540), Duke of Albany (1600), Duke of York (1605), Marquess of Ormond, Earl of Ross, Lord Ardmannoch (1600) Charles James Stuart ...
Charles I's son, Charles II, was proclaimed King of Great Britain in Scotland, but he was forced to flee abroad after he invaded England and was defeated at the Battle of Worcester. In 1653, Oliver Cromwell , the most prominent military and political leader in the nation, seized power and declared himself Lord Protector (effectively becoming a military dictator, but refusing the title of king).
Charles, Duke of Cambridge: 22 October 1660 5 May 1661 Mary II: 30 April 1662 28 December 1694 married 1677, William III, Prince of Orange; no issue James, Duke of Cambridge: 11 or 12 July 1663 20 June 1667 Anne: 6 February 1665 1 August 1714 married 1683, Prince George of Denmark; no surviving issue Charles, Duke of Kendal: 4 July 1666 22 May 1667
Duke of Edinburgh, named after the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a substantive title that has been created three times for members of the British royal family since 1726. It does not include any territorial landholdings and does not produce any revenue for the title holder.