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Columbia Graphophone Co. Ltd. was one of the earliest gramophone companies in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1917 as an offshoot of the American Columbia Phonograph Company, it became an independent British-owned company in 1922 in a management buy-out after the parent company went into receivership. In 1925 it acquired a controlling interest in its American parent company to take advantage of a new electrical recording process. The British firm also controlled the US operations ...
- January 1973; 49 years ago
- 13 February 1917; 105 years ago
- United Kingdom
Columbia Graphophone Company fue una de las primeras empresas de gramófono del Reino Unido. Siendo propiedad de EMI, como Columbia Records, se convirtió en un sello exitoso en los años 1950 y 1960. Con el tiempo fue reemplazado por EMI Records, como parte de una estrategia de consolidación del sello EMI. Índice 1 Historia temprana
In 1922, the Columbia Graphophone Company sold its stock in the British affiliate, and the American parent was reorganized as the "Columbia Phonograph Company, Inc." In March 1925, the British affiliate took control of U.S. Columbia. Discs produced between 1924-1932 credit the "Columbia Phonograph Company, Inc.", but technically the "Columbia Graphophone Company Ltd." was the parent company during much of the time between 1925 and 1931.ArtistTitle ( Format)LabelCountryYerkes Jazarimba Orchestra / The Happy ...Yerkes Jazarimba Orchestra / The Happy ...USSweet Hawaiian Moonlight / Hawaiian ...USA & CanadaBlue Danube Waltz / Barcarolle ...USWailana Waltz / Hawaiian Medley Two-Step ...USA & Canada
- The Columbia Graphophone Co. Ltd. Principal activities included the manufacture and sale of records, tapes and electronic products, sound recording, licensing, exploitation of copyrights, electronic research and development. The roots of the company date back to May 1887 when American Graphophone Company was formed in the US.Catalog NumberArtistTitle ( Format)Label2YEB 48450th Anniversary (LP, Album)3E 062-33 531Columbia, EMI-Columbia3 E 062 - 33544Margrit Läubli - César KeiserMargrit Läubli - César Keiser - Die ...4E 006-93068Sunday (7", Single)
From about 1898 until 1922 the US parent company managed a UK subsidiary, the Columbia Graphophone Manufacturing Company. Its headquarters and studios were established in Victorian warehouses at 102-108 Clerkenwell Road shortly before the First World War, and the buildings were a key location in the development of the British recording industry until the 1930s.
The Columbia Graphaphone Company was one of the three major companies in the early days of recording, sharing the scene with The Edison Phonograph Company and the Victor Talking Machine Company. While Columbia proved to be very active in the recording scene and remained for very years a successful company, they were not able to get out of the shadow of Edison in the early years.