Hace 1 día · Pedro II's son, John V, saw a reign characterized by the influx of gold into the coffers of the royal treasury, supplied largely by the royal fifth (a tax on precious metals) that was received from the Portuguese colonies of Brazil and Maranhão.
Hace 1 día · Brazil's independence, in particular, shared a common starting point with that of Spanish America, since both conflicts were triggered by Napoleon's invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, which forced the Portuguese royal family to flee to Brazil in 1807.
- 25 September 1808 – 29 September 1833, (25 years and 4 days)
- Patriot victory., End of the majority of Spanish rule in the Americas., Diplomatic recognition in 1821 (Portuguese), 1822 (US) and 1825 (UK)., Although they fought for independence, the Banda Oriental and Spanish Texas become part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and First Mexican Empire respectively.
- Spanish America
- Spain loses dominion over all their possessions in the continental Americas and retained only the islands of Cuba and Puerto Rico until 1898.