1521–1541: Infancy and youth. Maurice was the fourth child but first son of the future Henry IV, Duke of Saxony, then a Catholic, and his Protestant wife, Catherine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
The Duke and Duchess of Fife had three children: Alastair Duff, Marquess of Macduff (stillborn 16 June 1890) Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife (17 May 1891 – 26 February 1959); married her first cousin once removed Prince Arthur of Connaught (13 January 1883 – 12 September 1938), and had issue.
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History 1858–1892. The order was founded with royal grand-ducal decree on 31 March 1858 by King-Grand Duke William III.The sovereignty of the order was to be shared between both branches of the House of Nassau, by virtue of an agreement between William III, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Adolphe, Duke of Nassau and future Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
The Saxe-Ernestine House Order (German: Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden) was an order of merit instituted by Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Altenburg, Duke Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and Duke Bernhard II of Saxe-Meiningen on 25 December 1833 as a joint award of the Saxon duchies.
Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, later Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna "Miechen" of Russia (Russian: Мари́я Па́вловна; 14 May [O.S. 2 May] 1854 – 6 September 1920), also known as Maria Pavlovna the Elder, was the eldest daughter of Grand Duke Frederick Francis II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by his first wife, Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz.
Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse: 4. Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine: 9. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden: 2. Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse: 10. Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (1783–1851) 5. Princess Elizabeth of Prussia: 11. Landgravine Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg: 1. Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine: 12. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: 6.