The first care of the new elector was to come to terms with John Frederick, and to strengthen his own hold upon the electoral position. This object was secured by a treaty made at Naumburg in February 1554, when, in return for the grant of Altenburg and other lands, John Frederick recognized Augustus as elector of Saxony.
Anna of Saxony (23 December 1544 – 18 December 1577) was the heiress of Maurice, Elector of Saxony, and Agnes, eldest daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. Maurice's only son, Albert, died in infancy. Anna was the second wife of William the Silent. Anna was born and died in Dresden.
Un prince-électeur (du latin : princeps elector ; en allemand : Kurfürst) était le titulaire d'un titre de haute noblesse attribué aux plus hauts princes du Saint-Empire ayant le privilège d'élire le roi des Romains, avant son couronnement comme empereur par le pape.