May 25 – Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen (1525–1540) (b. 1510) May 31 – Philip Hoby, English politician (b. 1505) June 28 – Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Chiche, English courtier (b. 1506) July 17 – George I of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (b. 1498) August 11 – Justus Menius, German Lutheran pastor (b.
There were examples of female rulers who benefitted and even introduced the reformation in their realms during their time in power. One such example was Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen, who introduced the Reformation in Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen during her tenure as regent in 1540–1545.