Ernesto Luis, gran duque de Hesse y el Rin fue el último gran duque de Hesse de 1892 a 1918. Sus padres fueron el gran duque Luis IV de Hesse y el Rin y la princesa Alicia del Reino Unido, hija de la reina Victoria y el príncipe Alberto. Durante su infancia le tocó experimentar la muerte de dos de sus hermanos menores y también la de su madre, situación que le afectó profundamente. A la muerte de Luis IV en 1892, Ernesto Luis lo sucedió como gran duque. Como gobernante se caracterizó ...
Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ernst Ludwig) (15 December 1667 – 12 September 1739) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1640–1709). Ernest Louis's desire to emulate the French court under Louis XIV ran his country into debt.
Ernest Louis, German in full Ernst Ludwig Karl Albrecht Wilhelm, (born November 25, 1868, Darmstadt, Hesse-Darmstadt [Germany]—died October 9, 1937, near Darmstadt), grand duke of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1892 until his abdication in 1918, at the end of World War I.
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Ernest Louis was the elder son of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was named Louis after his father. His nickname was "Ernie". One of seven siblings, two of whom died in childhood, Ernest grew up with his four surviving sist...
On 19 April 1894, at Schloss Ehrenburg, Ernest Louis married his maternal first cousin, Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ("Ducky"), the daughter of his mother's brother, Prince Alfred. The match was actively encouraged by their mutual grandmother, Queen Victoria, who attended the wedding. At the wedding, Ernest's youngest surviving sister, Alix, became engaged to marry Tsarevich Nicholas of Russia, and the excitement of that imminent match threw the nuptial celebrations into...
Ernest Louis remarried in Darmstadt, on 2 February 1905, to Princess Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (17 September 1871 – 16 November 1937).This marriage proved harmonious and happy. The couple had two sons: 1. Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse (1906–1937). He married Ernest's grand-niece, Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark, a sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and had issue. The couple and two of their young sons were killed in a plane crash in 1937, leaving behind...
In 1892, Ernest Louis succeeded his father as grand duke. Throughout his life, Ernest Louis was a patron of the arts, founding the Darmstadt Artists' Colony, and was himself an author of poems, plays, essays, and piano compositions. Ernest Louis commissioned the New Mausoleum in 1903. It was consecrated on 3 November 1910, in the presence of the Gr...
During World War I, Ernest Louis served as a general of the infantry at Kaiser Wilhelm's headquarters. In February, 1917, the February Revolution in Russia forced his brother-in-law, Tsar Nicholas II, to abdicate. Sixteen months later, in July 1918, his two sisters in Russia, Elizabeth, the widow of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, and Alexandra, t...
In October 1937, Ernest Louis died after a long illness at Schloß Wolfsgarten, near Darmstadt. He received what amounted to a state funeral on 16 November 1937 and was buried next to his daughter, Elisabeth, in a new open air burial ground next to the New Mausoleum he had built in the Rosenhöhepark in Darmstadt.
Newspaper clippings about Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
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Ernesto Luis I de Hesse-Darmstadt, Gran Duque de Hesse, Rey de Alemania y Emperador Germano. Nació Ernst Ludwig Karl Albrecht Wilhelm von Hessen und bei Rhein. Ernesto, de personalidad pacífica y sensible, ha sido uno de los personajes más polémicos de la historia germana.