Princess Feodora Viktoria Auguste Marie Marianne of Saxe-Meiningen (12 May 1879 – 26 August 1945) was born at Potsdam, the only child of Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia (the eldest daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor, and Victoria, Princess Royal).
In 1866, he succeeded as Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, making her the first lady of the realm. Feodora contracted scarlet fever in January 1872, and died the following month. Despite the many differences between them, Georg had remained fond of her; when she became sick, he was genuinely distraught and sent telegrams to her parents twice daily. 
Like her mother, Feodora suffered from sickness and various physical pains, as well as severe migraines. Feodora also lacked an interest in her studies, a deficit blamed by Vicky on a lack of parental guidance, as Charlotte and Bernhard were frequently away. Vicky commented, "The atmosphere of her home is not the best for a child of her age...
They had one daughter, Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen. Prince Georg Albrecht (12 April 1852 – 27 January 1855). died at two years old. Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxe-Meiningen (23 September 1853 – 22 February 1923). unnamed son (29 – 30 March 1855). died at a day old. Although couple had a short engagement, it was a love match.
Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (7 July 1839 – 10 February 1872) married George II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen on 23 October 1858. They had three sons. In media. In Victoria Series 3 (2019), Feodora is played by Kate Fleetwood.
Saxe-Meiningen was a small state, covering about 423 square miles (1,100 km 2). It was the most liberal German state and, unlike its neighbours, permitted a free press and criticism of the ruler.  At the time, no statute existed which barred a female ruling over the small duchy and it was not until the birth of her brother, Bernhard , in 1800, that the law of primogeniture was introduced.
Augusta's maternal grandmother Princess Feodora of Leiningen was the half-sister of Queen Victoria, who was Wilhelm's maternal grandmother. Wilhelm had earlier proposed to his first cousin, Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine (known in the family as "Ella"), a daughter of his mother's own sister, but she declined.