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  1. Federico II el Grande Federico II de Prusia, también conocido como Federico II el Grande o Federico II el Grande de Prusia (en alemán: Friedrich der Große; Berlín, 24 de enero de 1712- Potsdam, 17 de agosto de 1786 1 ), fue el tercer rey de Prusia a (1740-1786 1 ).

  2. Frederick II ( German: Friedrich II.; 24 January 1712 – 17 August 1786) was King in Prussia from 1740 until 1772, and King of Prussia from 1772 until his death. His most significant accomplishments include his military successes in the Silesian wars, his re-organisation of the Prussian Army, the First Partition of Poland, and his patronage of ...

    • Birth and Naming
    • Minority
    • Reign Prior to The Conflict with The Pope
    • Foreign Policy and Wars
    • Personality and Religion
    • Literature and Science
    • Appearance
    • Law Reforms
    • Significance and Legacy
    • See Also

    Born in Jesi, near Ancona, Italy, on 26 December 1194, Frederick was the son of the emperor Henry VI. He was known as the puer Apuliae (son of Apulia).[c] His mother Constance gave birth to him at the age of 40, and Boccaccio related in his De mulieribus claris about the empress: as a Sicilian princess and paternal aunt of William II of Sicily, a p...

    In 1196 at Frankfurt am Main the infant Frederick was elected King of the Romans and thus heir to his father's imperial crown. His rights in Germany were to end up disputed by Henry's brother Philip of Swabia and Otto of Brunswick. At the death of his father in 1197, Frederick was in Italy, traveling towards Germany, when the bad news reached his g...

    Otto of Brunswick had been crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Innocent III in 1209. In southern Italy, Otto became the champion of those noblemen and barons who feared Frederick's increasingly strong measures to check their power, such as the dismissal of the pro-noble Walter of Palearia. The new emperor invaded Italy, where he reached Calabriawith...

    The Fifth Crusade and early policies in northern Italy

    At the time he was elected King of the Romans, Frederick promised to go on crusade. He continually delayed, however, and, in spite of his renewal of this vow at his coronation as the King of Germany, he did not travel to Egypt with the armies of the Fifth Crusade in 1217. He sent forces to Egypt under the command of Louis I, Duke of Bavaria, but constant expectation of his arrival caused papal legate Pelagius to reject Ayyubid sultan Al-Kamil's offer to restore the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem...

    The Sixth Crusade

    Problems of stability within the empire delayed Frederick's departure on crusade. It was not until 1225, when, by proxy, Frederick had married Isabella II of Jerusalem, heiress to the Kingdom of Jerusalem, that his departure seemed assured. Frederick immediately saw to it that his new father-in-law John of Brienne, the current king of Jerusalem, was dispossessed and his rights transferred to the emperor. In August 1227, Frederick set out for the Holy Land from Brindisi but was forced to retur...

    War of the Keys

    During Frederick's stay in the Holy Land, his regent, Rainald of Spoleto, had attacked the March of Ancona and the Duchy of Spoleto. Gregory IX recruited an army under John of Brienne and, in 1229, invaded southern Italy. His troops overcame an initial resistance at Montecassino and reached Apulia. Frederick arrived at Brindisi in June 1229. He quickly recovered the lost territories, and tried and condemned the rebel barons, but avoided crossing the borders of the Papal States. The war came t...

    Frederick's contemporaries called him stupor mundi, the "astonishment of the world";the majority of his contemporaries were indeed astonished – and sometimes repelled – by the pronounced unorthodoxy of the Hohenstaufen emperor and his temperamental stubbornness. Frederick inherited German, Norman, and Sicilian blood, but by training, lifestyle, and...

    Frederick had a great thirst for knowledge and learning. Frederick employed Jews from Sicily, who had migrated there from the holy land, at his court to translate Greek and Arabic works. He played a major role in promoting literature through the Sicilian School of poetry. His Sicilian royal court in Palermo, saw the first use of a literary form of ...

    A Damascene chronicler, Sibt ibn al-Jawzi, left a physical description of Frederick based on the testimony of those who had seen the emperor in person in Jerusalem: "The Emperor was covered with red hair, was bald and myopic. Had he been a slave, he would not have fetched 200 dirhamsat market." Frederick's eyes were described variously as blue, or ...

    His 1241 Edict of Salerno(sometimes called "Constitution of Salerno") made the first legally fixed separation of the occupations of physician and apothecary. Physicians were forbidden to double as pharmacists and the prices of various medicinal remedies were fixed. This became a model for regulation of the practice of pharmacy throughout Europe. He...

    Historians rate Frederick II as a highly significant European monarch of the Middle Ages. This reputation was present even in Frederick's era. Lansing and English, two British historians, argue that medieval Palermo has been overlooked in favor of Paris and London: Modern medievalists no longer accept the notion, sponsored by the popes, of Frederic...

  3. 09/11/2009 · Frederick II (1712-1786) ruled Prussia from 1740 until his death, leading his nation through multiple wars with Austria and its allies. His daring military tactics expanded and consolidated...

  4. Otto von Bismarck, Catalina II de Rusia Enemigos Louis XVI, Napoleón Bonaparte, Adolf Hitler Federico II de Prusia, también conocido como Federico II el Grande (Berlín, 24 de enero de 1712 - Potsdam, 17 de agosto de 1786), fue el tercer rey de Prusia (1740-1786). En la vida real

  5. Friedrich II. (* 26. Dezember 1194 in Jesi bei Ancona, Reichsitalien; † 13. Dezember 1250 in Castel Fiorentino bei Lucera, Königreich Sizilien) aus dem Adelsgeschlecht der Staufer war ab 1198 König von Sizilien, ab 1212 römisch-deutscher König und von 1220 bis zu seinem Tod Kaiser des römisch-deutschen Reiches.

  6. Friedrich II. oder Friedrich der Große (* 24. Januar 1712 in Berlin; † 17. August 1786 in Potsdam ), volkstümlich der „Alte Fritz“ genannt, war ab 1740 König in, ab 1772 König von Preußen und ab 1740 Markgraf von Brandenburg und somit einer der Kurfürsten des Heiligen Römischen Reiches. Er entstammte der Dynastie der Hohenzollern .