Kingdom of Iberia: Gurandukht of Abkhazia one child In 1008, Bagrat, who had been King of Abkhazia since 978, inherited from his father Gurgen the crown of Iberia. The two kingdoms united into what came to be known as the Kingdom of Georgia. Bagrat III the Unifier (ბაგრატ III) 960 Kutaisi Son of Gurgen of Georgia and Gurandukht of ...
In 994, Gurgen was crowned King of the Iberians. In 975, supported by duke of Kartli Ivane Marushidze and David, Bagrat claimed the throne of Kartli,  : 108 becoming King of the Kartlians . During this time, the Kingdom of Abkhazia in what is today northeastern Georgia was under the rule of Theodosius the Blind , who did away with Abkhazian traditions.
In Greco-Roman geography, Iberia (Ancient Greek: Ἰβηρία Iberia; Latin: Hiberia) was an exonym for the Georgian kingdom of Kartli (Georgian: ქართლი), known after its core province, which during Classical Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages was a significant monarchy in the Caucasus, either as an independent state or as a dependent of larger empires, notably the Sassanid and ...
852–853: Gurgen I, brother of the above; 853–854: Abu Djafar, probably brother of the above; 854–857: Gurgen II, a distant relative from Mardastan; 857–868: Grigor-Derenik, son of Ashot I, married Sofia, daughter of Ashot I Bagratuni. 1st time; 868–874: Ashot I Abulabus, 2nd time; 874–887: Grigor-Derenik, 2nd time.
In 1008, Gurgen died, and Bagrat succeeded him as "King of the Iberians", becoming thus the first King of a unified realm of Abkhazia and Iberia. After he had secured his patrimony, Bagrat proceeded to press a claim to the easternmost Georgian kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti and annexed it in or around 1010, after two years of fighting and aggressive diplomacy.
yüzyılda İberia Krallığı kenti olarak sözünü ettiği Artanissa'nın Ardanuç olduğu sanılır. Ancak Ptolemaios Gürcüce adı Yunancaya uydurup yazmış olabilir. Osmanlıca Ardanuc adı Osmanlıların son döneminde ya da Cumhuriyet döneminin başlarında Ardanuç’a dönüşmüş olabilir.
Most scholars link the creation of the Georgian script to the process of Christianization of Iberia (not to be confused with the Iberian Peninsula), a core Georgian kingdom of Kartli. The alphabet was therefore most probably created between the conversion of Iberia under King Mirian III (326 or 337) and the Bir el Qutt inscriptions of 430,  contemporaneously with the Armenian alphabet .