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  1. James, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 – 21 April 1541) was the first of the two sons and three children born to King James V of Scotland and his second wife, Mary of Guise. From the moment of his birth James was Duke of Rothesay and heir apparent to the Scottish throne. Life. James, Duke of Rothesay was born in St Andrews on 22 May 1540.

    • 21 April 1541 (aged 10 months 30 days), St Andrews, Fife
    • James V of Scotland
  2. James, Duke of Rothesay may refer to: James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (21 February 1507 – 27 February 1508), the eldest son of James IV and his queen consort Margaret Tudor . James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 – 21 April 1541), the eldest son of James V and Mary of Guise , and nephew of his aforementioned namesake.

  3. James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 – 12 April 1541) was the eldest son of James V and Mary of Guise, and nephew of his aforementioned namesake. At the time of his birth in St Andrews, James V had survived his own brothers.

    • May 22, 1540
    • Private User
    • St Andrews, Fife, Scotland (United Kingdom)
  4. James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay: Birthdate: February 21, 1507: Birthplace: Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland: Death: February 27, 1508 (1) Stirling Castle, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland Immediate Family:

    • February 21, 1507
    • Anne Brannen
  5. 06/11/2017 · James Stewart, 10th duke of Rothesay: Also Known As: "Duke of Rothesay" Birthdate: May 22, 1540: Birthplace: St Andrew's,Edinburgh,Mid-Lothian,Scotland: Death: May 25, 1541 (1) Sterling, Stirlingshire, Scotland (United Kingdom) Place of Burial: Holyrood Abbey,Edinburgh,Mid-Lothian,Scotland: Immediate Family:

    • "Duke of Rothesay"
    • St Andrew's,Edinburgh,Mid-Lothian,Scotland
    • May 22, 1540
    • Early Life
    • Early Reign
    • Politics
    • Finances
    • Culture
    • Military
    • Policy in The Highlands and Isles
    • War and Death
    • Fictional Portrayals
    • References

    Born on 17 March 1473 at Stirling Castle, James was the eldest son of King James III and Margaret of Denmark. As heir apparent to the Scottish crown, he became Duke of Rothesay at birth. James probably spent most of his infancy and youth at Stirling Castle in the care of his mother, along with his two younger brothers, James and John. In 1478 Queen Margaret was officially entrusted with the custody and education of the Duke of Rothesay. Not much is known about James's early life, but it is known that he received a good education under the direction of his mother, became fluent in Latin and Spanish, and also learned French, German, Flemish and Italian. James was the last Scottish monarch known to have spoken Gaelic. The surviving exchequer records show that Prince James was taken from Stirling to visit Edinburghin the summers of 1474 and 1479, and that his nurse in the 1470s was Agnes Turing, the wife of an Edinburgh burgess. From early infancy Prince James was used in his father's d...

    The victorious rebels moved swiftly to consolidate their power, and on 12 June, only a day after Sauchieburn, the new king issued his first charter. Edinburgh and Stirling castles were secured, as were the late king’s money and jewels, and the rebel leaders were rewarded with offices of state and posts in the royal household. James IV's coronation took place on 24 June 1488 at Scone Abbey. The Archbishop of St Andrews, William Scheves, a favourite of James III, did not officiate during the coronation ceremony, with the new king being instead crowned by Robert Blackadder, Bishop of Glasgow. A few days later, James IV attended the burial of his father at Cambuskenneth Abbey, a scene later portrayed in James IV's book of hours. James IV quickly proved to be a wise and effective ruler. He defeated a major rebellion led by the Master of Huntly, the Earl of Lennox, and Lord Lyle in 1489, laying siege to Crookston, Duchal and Dumbarton castles, and defeating a rebel army at Gartloaning in...

    James recognised nonetheless that peace between Scotland and England was in the interest of both countries and established good diplomatic relations with England, which was emerging at the time from a period of civil war. First he ratified the Treaty of Ayton in 1497, then, in a ceremony at the altar of Glasgow Cathedral on 10 December 1502, James confirmed the Treaty of Perpetual Peace with Henry VII of England. By this treaty, James married Henry's daughter Margaret Tudor. After a wedding by proxy in London, the marriage was confirmed in person on 8 August 1503 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh. Their wedding was commemorated by the gift of the Hours of James IV of Scotland, and was portrayed as the marriage of The Thrissil and the Rois (the thistle and rose – the flowers of Scotland and England, respectively) by the great poet William Dunbar, who was then resident at James' court. James was granted the title Defender of the Faith in 1507 by the Papal Legate at Holyrood Abbey. In the m...

    From the beginning of his reign, one of James's objectives was to increase the relatively limited Crown income by extracting larger returns from all available sources of revenue. The king had to fund all government expenses out of his own income, which came from the revenue from Crown lands, and from burgh customs, mails, tolls, and duties. The annual revenues of the Crown from these sources remained constant throughout James’s reign (around £5-6,000 Scots). However, the king only received a small amount of the income from burgh revenues, as the majority of that income was alienatedto provide annuities to reward numerous nobles and Crown servants. Taxation imposed by Parliament offered greater opportunities to raise income. Between 1488 and 1497, Parliament voted taxation almost annually to support diplomacy and war, including embassies to the continent, the king’s naval expeditions to the Isles, and the 1496-97 wars with England. However, James soon learned that using taxation exte...

    James IV was a true Renaissance prince with an interest in practical and scientific matters. He granted the Incorporation of Surgeons and Barbers of Edinburgh a royal charter in 1506, turned Edinburgh Castle into one of Scotland's foremost gun foundries, and welcomed the establishment of Scotland's first printing press, Chepman and Myllar Press, in 1507. He built Holyrood Palace and a part of Falkland Palace, the great halls at Edinburgh and Stirling castles, and furnished his palaces with tapestries. James was a patron of the arts, including many literary figures, most notably the Scots makars whose diverse and socially observant works convey a vibrant and memorable picture of cultural life and intellectual concerns of the period. Figures associated with his court include William Dunbar, Walter Kennedy and Gavin Douglas, who made the first complete translation of Virgil's Aeneid in northern Europe. His reign also saw the passing of the makar Robert Henryson. He patronised music at...

    James IV took a close interest in the development of the Royal Scots Navy, viewing a strong navy fleet as a means of protecting Scottish shipping, gaining international prestige, and providing him with an outlet to pursue foreign policies in alliance with either England or France. In the course of his reign James commissioned or acquired a total of at least 38 ships. His naval building programme was large, especially so for the ruler of a small kingdom. Naval expenditure was by far the greatest single item of royal expenditure in the later years of his reign. In the early years, the annual average spent on ships was about £140. By the early 1510s it was £8,710 10/-. In 1491, James determined to address the many attacks on Scottish shipping in the vicinity of the Firth of Forth from the English and other pirates. James erected fortresses at Largo and Inchgarvie, and made extensive repairs to Dunbar Castle, to defend the firth from hostile attacks. James also remonstrated with King Ma...

    In 1491, Alexander MacDonald of Lochalsh, heir to the lordship of the Isles, attempted to recover the earldom of Ross by raiding Ross-shire in alliance with Clan Cameron and Clan Chattan. They marched to Inverness, where they stormed Inverness Castle, and clashed with Clan Mackenzie before being routed. In consequence of this insurrection, at a meeting of parliament in Edinburgh in May 1493, the title and possessions of John MacDonald, Lord of the Isles were declared to be forfeited to the Crown. King James himself sailed to Dunstaffnage Castle, where the western chiefs made their submissions to him. John surrendered and was brought back as a pensioner to the royal court, then lived at Paisley Abbey. The Highlands and Islandsnow fell under direct royal control. In October 1496, the Royal Council ordered that the clan chiefs in the region would be held responsible by the king for crimes of the islanders. This act for the governance of the region was unworkable, and after the Act of R...

    When war broke out between England and France in 1512 as a result of the Italian Wars, James found himself in a difficult position as an ally by treaty to both France and England. Since the accession of Henry VIIIin 1509, relations with England had worsened, and when Henry invaded France, James reacted by declaring war on England. James had already baulked at the interdict of his kingdom by Pope Julius II[further explanation needed], and he opposed its confirmation by Pope Leo X, so that he was not in a good position with the pontiff. Leo sent a letter to James, threatening him with ecclesiastical censure for breaking peace treaties, on 28 June 1513, and James was subsequently excommunicated by Cardinal Christopher Bainbridge. James summoned sailors and sent the Scottish navy, including the Great Michael, to join the ships of Louis XII of France, so joining in the War of the League of Cambrai. Hoping to take advantage of Henry's absence at the siege of Thérouanne, he led an invading...

    James IV has been depicted in historical novels, short stories, and media portrayals. They include the following: 1. The Yellow Frigate (1855) by James Grant, also known as The Three Sisters. The main events of the novel take place in the year 1488, covering the Battle of Sauchieburn, the assassination of James III of Scotland, the rise to the throne of James IV, and the plots of the so-called English faction in Scotland. James IV, and Margaret Drummond are prominently depicted. Andrew Wood of Largo and Henry VII of Englandare secondary characters. 2. In the King's Favour (1899) by J. E. Preston Muddock, which covers the last few months of James IV's reign and ends with the Battle of Flodden(1513). 3. The Arrow of the North (1906) by R. H. Forster. The novel mainly depicts Northumberland in the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII. It covers the Flodden campaign of the Anglo-Scottish Warsand the finale depicts the battle that ended James IV's life. 4. The Crimson Field(1916) by Halliw...

    James the Fourth, Norman Macdougall(2006 with two earlier editions, regarded as definitive).
    King James IV of Scotland, R.L. Mackie (1958, the most important previous biography).
    Ashley, Mike (2002). British Kings & Queens. Carroll & Graf. pp. 280–286. ISBN 978-0-7867-1104-8.
    James IV in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, New York, 2004, Vol. 29, pp. 609–619
  6. About James, Duke of Rothesay (born 1540) James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 – 21 April 1541) was a short-lived heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland. He was the eldest son of James V and Mary of Guise, and nephew of his namesake James, Duke of Rothesay.

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