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  1. James Fitz-James Stuart, duque de Berwick, de Fitz-James y de Liria y Jérica fue un militar anglo-francés, hijo ilegítimo del rey Jacobo II de Inglaterra e Irlanda y VII de Escocia y de Arabella Churchill, hermana del duque de Marlborough. En Inglaterra fue I duque de Berwick, barón de Bosworth y conde de Tinmouth, en Francia I duque de Fitz-James, y en España I duque de Liria y Jérica y caballero de la Orden del Toisón de Oro.

  2. James Francis Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick, 2nd Duke of Liria and Xérica was a Jacobite and Spanish nobleman. He inherited titles in the Jacobite and Spanish nobility on the death of his father in battle in 1734 at Philippsburg, during the War of the Polish Succession. He was also Consort Duke of Veragua and of la Vega and a Consort-Marquis of four further titles by his Spanish marriage in 1716. His full title was 2nd Duke of Berwick, 2nd Earl of Tinmouth, 2nd Baron ...

    • Overview
    • Early life
    • In the service of Louis XIV
    • Foreign mercenary in exile
    • Marriages and children

    James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duke of Liria and Jérica, 1st Duke of Fitz-James was an Anglo-French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough. Berwick was a successful general in the pay of Louis XIV of France.

    FitzJames was born at Moulins in France before his father's accession to the throne, and was brought up in France as a Catholic. He was the son of James and his mistress Arabella Churchill, sister of the English captain general and statesman John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. He was educated at the Stuarts' expense in the College of Juilly, t...

    After his father's final exile, Berwick served in the French army under Marshal Luxemburg. He fought at the battles of Steenkerque. Luxemburg fell into William's trap set against superior numbers, but reinforcements failed the English, and the French rallied to send the Maison Militaire du Roi infantry downhill. Berwick was in the charge of the div...

    The last great event of the War of the Spanish Succession was the Duke of Berwick's storming of Barcelona, after a long siege, on 11 September 1714. In that year, he was appointed a Knight of the Golden Fleece. Trying to explain the failure of the Jacobite Risings, the Old Pretender "never forgave his half-brother, The Blues ex-colonel, Berwick, no...

    Berwick had children by both his marriages. His descendants were the French Ducs de Fitz-James and the Spanish Duques de Liria and later the Dukes of Alba. Berwick fell in love with General Patrick Sarsfield's 19-year-old pregnant widow. They married in Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 26 March 1695, two years after Sarsfield's death in the Battle of Lande...

  3. La Casa de Fitz-James Stuart, es un linaje nobiliario español de origen escocés, procedente de James FitzJames, hijo del rey Jacobo II de Inglaterra y de su amante Arabella Churchill, que en Inglaterra recibió el título de duque de Berwick y en España el de duque de Liria y Jérica. Posteriormente en sus descendientes recayó la casa de Alba.

  4. The House of FitzJames Stuart, or simply FitzJames, is a noble house founded by James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick. He was the illegitimate son of James II & VII, King of England, Scotland and Ireland, a monarch of the House of Stuart. [1]

    • 1670
    • Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Gómez, 12th Duke of Berwick
  5. Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Falcó [1] (Madrid, 17 de octubre de 1878 - Lausana, Suiza, 24 de septiembre de 1953) fue un noble, mecenas y político español, Diputado a Cortes, Miembro de la Asamblea Nacional Consultiva, Ministro de Instrucción Pública, Ministro de Estado, Embajador en el Reino Unido, diputado a Cortes, miembro de la Asamblea Nacional Consultiva, procurador en Cortes, XVII duque de Alba de Tormes, promotor del estudio de la historia de la Casa de Alba y de sus ...

  6. Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Falcó, 17th Duke of Alba, 10th Duke of Berwick, GE was a Spanish peer, diplomat, politician, art collector and Olympic medalist. A Jacobite, he was the most senior surviving male-line descendant of James II, and despite having never made a claim, he was considered by some as the legitimate heir to the throne of Scotland. He was one of the most important aristocrats of his time and held, among other titles, the dukedoms of Alba de Tormes and Berwick, the ...