History. The title was first granted in 1660 by King Charles II (immediately following the Restoration of the Monarchy) to his infant eldest nephew Charles Stuart (1660–1661), the first son of the Duke of York (later King James II), though he was never formally created Duke of Cambridge as he died at the age of six months.
In 1657, the prince fought on the side of the Spanish against France with his brother James. In May 1659, Charles II restored to his brother the title of Duke of Gloucester, which Henry had been deprived of by Parliament in 1650, and bestowed the title of Earl of Cambridge.
James Francis Edward Stuart, genannt the Old Pretender, (* 10. Juni 1688 im St James’s Palace; † 1. Januar 1766 in Rom) war Thronprätendent für den schottischen und den englischen Thron aus dem Hause Stuart. Er war der Sohn von Jakob II. von England und dessen zweiter (katholischer) Frau Maria Beatrice von Modena.