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  1. Jean Lannes (Lectoure, Gers, 10 de abril de 1769 - Ebersdorf, 31 de mayo de 1809), duque de Montebello, Mariscal de Francia y Príncipe de Siewierz.Fue uno de los más brillantes militares de Napoleón Bonaparte, de quien fue además amigo personal, hasta el punto de tutearle amistosamente.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Jean_LannesJean Lannes - Wikipedia

    Lannes was born in the small town of Lectoure, in the province of Gascony in Southern France. He was the son of a small landowner and merchant, Jeannet Lannes (1733–1812, son of Jean Lannes (d. 1746), a farmer, and wife Jeanne Pomiès (d. 1770) and paternal grandson of Pierre Lane and wife Bernarde Escossio, both died in 1721), and wife Cécile Fouraignan (1741–1799, daughter of Bernard ...

  3. Trayectoria. Fiel seguidor de Napoleón Bonaparte. Pronto se acreditó como estratega militar, tomando parte activa y decisiva en las más famosas batallas, en Italia, Egipto y Alemania. En vista de lo cual el emperador le encomendó la difícil tarea de conquistar Zaragoza, sometiéndola a un segundo sitio.

    • Beginnings
    • Army of Italy
    • Expedition to Egypt
    • Consulate
    • Campaign of 1805
    • Campaigns of 1806 - 1808
    • Danube Campaign of 1809
    • Battle of Aspern-Essling

    Known as one of the few true friends to Napoleon, Jean Lannes began his military career by joining the National Guard in 1792. Elected as a sous-lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion of Volunteers of Gers, he first saw action in 1793 against Spain in the Pyrenees. His baptism of fire is notable in that it was the only time he ran away from the enemy, but he quickly made up for it. Ordered to reinforce an attack on a Spanish position, his battalion of volunteers was moving towards the front when they ran into their comrades, whom they were supposed to reinforce, fleeing from the battle. Soon the backwards momentum overran the volunteers, and Lannes alongside his battalion was running away with everyone else. Suddenly, he stopped, absolutely mortified that he was running away so easily. With quite a lot of swearing and shouting at his fellow soldiers that they were going the wrong way, Lannes successfully stopped the rout of many of the soldiers. Charging back to the attack, he led them in...

    With the Spanish signing a peace treaty with France in 1795, Colonel Lannes married his sweetheart Polette Méric and then transferred to the Army of Italy, where he began to gain even more of a reputation for courage and determination. Late that year he fought at Loano , and then in March of 1796 the young General Bonaparte assumed command of the poorly equipped Army of Italy. Lannes fought at Voltri under Cervoni, and then he fought at Millesimo and Dego where Napoleon Bonaparte began to notice his talents. Before long the two were good friends. Fighting at Lodi , Lannes was one of the group of officers who led the soldiers in the daring assault across the bridge. Rising in prestige over the coming months, Lannes crushed rebellions in Italy, fought at Saint-Georges, received a promotion to général de brigade, took two enemy flags at Bassano , served at Due Castelli, and was wounded by a shot at Governolo. After recovering, he joined Augereau's division with which he fought at Arcol...

    Selected to join the Army of the Orient in 1798, Lannes set sail with the army from Toulon in May. Immediately after the expedition took over Malta, the soldiers were ordered to stay on board the ships to let the situation calm down. Lannes disregarded this order, and with Subervieand a few others, he disembarked to explore Malta and escape boredom. Coming upon a convent, they found it being ransacked by other insubordinate French soldiers. Ordering them to stop, Lannes threatened to shoot them if they did not immediately comply. Surprised at being denied their spoils of war, they left but threatened to return. Lannes sent Subervie to retrieve a guard to protect the convent and then made small talk with the nuns while waiting. That evening, the unruly soldiers returned, this time with a few more soldiers, and Subervie had not yet returned. The ringleader of the unruly soldiers exclaimed that Lannes couldn't do anything to stop them, and Lannes was silent, simply drawing his sword an...

    When Napoleon decided to return to France in 1799, Lannes was one of the select few chosen to return with him. Assisting with Napoleon's coup d'état, he commanded the troops of Paris during the time and maintained order. After Napoleon's rise to become a head of state, Lannes still addressed Napoleon with the familiar "tu" instead of the formal "vous", and treated him as he would any friend, regardless of rank. This often meant he would state his true opinion to Napoleon, more often than not saying things that most others would consider unwise to tell your commander and the head of state. In 1800 Lannes was placed in charge of the advance guard of the Army of the Reserve, leading the army across the Great Saint Bernard Pass and into Italy. After distinguishing himself at Aosta, he bypassed the defenses of Fort Bard as quickly as possible, and then went on to win the Battle of Montebello despite being badly outnumbered. Less than a week later, he held the right during the fierce figh...

    After being created a Marshal of France in 1804, Lannes received further awards of the Grand Cross of Christ of Portugal and the Grand Eagle of the Legion of Honor. Back in France he assumed command of the advance guard at Boulogne, which would later become V Corps. Taking part in the campaign that followed, he fought at Wertingen. As Marshal Ney was battling it out with the Austrians at Elchingen , Lannes and Napoleon were watching from a distance. Realizing that they were in an exposed position and in range of enemy fire, Lannes, with little care for protocol, grabbed Napoleon's horse's reins and pulled him back to a safer position. Later during the same campaign of 1805, Marshal Lannes and Marshal Murat bluffed their way into possession of a key Austrian bridge. Loaded with explosives, the Austrians intended to destroy the bridge the moment the French attempted to to take it. Lannes, Murat, Bertrand, Belliard, and a few other officers crossed the bridge, telling the Austrians tha...

    Despite his insubordination, the next year Lannes received a further award, being made a Commander of the Iron Crown. Returning to command V Corps for the Prussian campaign, he was victorious at Saalfeld and then found the Prussians at Jena. After fighting at Jena, he received a message from the writer Goethe who appealed to any French marshals to protect his library from looting. Lannes was the only one to respond, and he posted guards and became a friend of Goethe's. Continuing the campaign, Lannes fought at Pultusk where he was wounded. In January of 1807 he collapsed, still suffering from his wound and having fallen ill. Handing off his command to Suchet, he spent the next months recovering, and in the meantime he received another award, the Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Henry of Saxony. Finally fit for duty, Lannes assumed command of the Reserve Corps which was created to assist in the capture of Danzig . At the Siege of Danzig, Lannes and Oudinot were on horseback talking...

    Lannes had presentiment about his death, donating money to churches and being reverent at mass for the first time in years. Shortly before leaving Paris for the campaign against Austria in 1809, Empress Josephine noticed that he was not his usual self, but much more quiet and subdued. Initially resisting her questions, she finally got him to admit he had a bad feeling about the campaign.5Once he had rejoined the emperor, Napoleon also noticed that he wasn't his usual self, and tried to cheer him up with talks of glory, to no avail. Taking command of II Corps in Germany, Marshal Lannes fought at Landshut and Eckmühl, and then distinguished himself at Ratisbon. When the French needed to take Ratisbon, he called upon volunteers to rush under fire with ladders and scale the walls. Many soldiers volunteered, and a group was selected to carry out the attack. Unfortunately, the fire from the walls was so intense that most were killed or wounded and the attack failed. Lannes called for anot...

    As the French began to cross the Danube, Lannes was stopped by the bottleneck of troops crossing. While waiting, he saw Doctor Lanefranque, and told him, "I've got a bad feeling about this, but however it turns out, it's my last battle."7Once across the river, Lannes took command of the right wing of the army with the village of Essling as his prime defensive point. When the Austrians attacked and began the Battle of Aspern-Essling , Marshal Bessières was placed under Lannes' orders. Lannes sent his aide Captain de Viry to order Bessières to charge and make it count. As the battle heated up and no charge occurred, when de Viry returned it was learned that he had changed the wording to a request to charge with all his cavalry. Furious, Lannes sent another aide, Captain La Bédoyère, and told him exactly what to say. Again no charge occurred and La Bédoyère had worded the order more politely. Finally, Lannes sent Marbot to rudely force Bessières to comply, with the words, "Tell Bessièr...

  4. Jean E. Lannes (born 21 September 1947 in Pauligne) is a French mathematician, specializing in algebraic topology and homotopy theory.. Lannes completed his secondary studies at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris and graduated in 1966 from the École Normale Supérieure.

    • Muerte
    • Familia
    • Evaluación
    • Referencias

    El 22 de mayo de 1809, durante una pausa en el segundo día de la batalla de Aspern-Essling, Lannes fue y se sentó al borde de una zanja, con la mano sobre los ojos y las piernas cruzadas. Mientras estaba allí sentado, sumido en una lúgubre meditación al ver a su amigo, el general Pierre Charles Pouzet , decapitado en medio de una conversación por una bala de cañón, una segunda bala de cañón disparada por un arma contra Enzersdorf rebotó y lo golpeó justo donde se cruzaban las piernas. La rodilla de uno se rompió y los tendones traseros del otro se rompieron. El mariscal dijo: "Estoy herido; no es mucho; dame la mano para ayudarme a levantarme". Trató de levantarse, pero no pudo. Lo llevaron a la tête de pont , donde los cirujanos jefes procedieron a vendar su herida. Una de las piernas de Lannes fue amputada en dos minutos por Dominique Jean Larrey . Soportó con valentía la dolorosa operación; Apenas había terminado cuando Napoleón se acercó y, arrodillado junto a la camilla, lloró...

    Lannes se casó dos veces, en Perpiñánel 19 de marzo de 1795 con Paulette Méric, de quien se divorció por infidelidad en 1800, después de que ella hubiera dado a luz a un hijo ilegítimo mientras él estaba sirviendo en Egipto: 1. Jean-Claude Lannes de Montebello ( Montauban, 12 de febrero de 1799-1817), que murió soltero y sin descendencia, Su segundo matrimonio fue en Dornes el 16 de septiembre de 1800 con Louise Antoinette, condesa de Guéhéneuc(París, 26 de febrero de 1782 - París, 3 de julio de 1856), con quien tuvo cinco hijos: 1. Louis Napoléon(30 de julio de 1801-19 de julio de 1874) 2. Alfred-Jean (11 de julio de 1802-20 de junio de 1861) 3. Jean-Ernest (20 de julio de 1803-24 de noviembre de 1882) 4. Gustave-Olivier(4 de diciembre de 1804-25 de agosto de 1875) 5. Josephine-Louise (4 de marzo de 1806-8 de noviembre de 1889) uno que triunfó en sus títulos y otros tres que utilizaron el título de cortesía de barón. Uno de sus descendientes directos, Philippe Lannes de Montebello...

    Lannes se ubica junto a Louis-Nicolas Davout y André Masséna como el más capaz de todos los mariscales de Napoleón. Estaba continuamente empleado en tareas que requerían la máxima resolución y audacia, y más especialmente cuando las combinaciones del emperador dependían del vigor y el sacrificio de un destacamento o fracción del ejército. Así sucedió con Lannes en Friedland y en Aspern como sucedió con Davout en Austerlitz y Auerstedt, y la estimación de Napoleón de las capacidades de sus subordinados puede juzgarse casi exactamente por la frecuencia con la que las utilizó para preparar el camino para su propio golpe demoledor. . Generales confiables con la virtud militar habitual, o líderes de tropas cuidadosos y exactos como Jean-de-Dieu Soult y Jacques MacDonald, fueron mantenidos bajo la mano de Napoleón para el asalto final que él mismo lanzó; las largas horas de lucha preparatoria contra probabilidades de dos a uno, lo único que hizo posible el golpe final, las confió sólo a h...

    Clausewitz, Carl von (2018). Campaña italiana de Napoleón de 1796. Trans y ed. Nicholas Murray y Christopher Pringle. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press de Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-2676-2

  5. 14/01/2022 · Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, French general who, despite his humble origins, rose to the rank of marshal of the First Empire. Napoleon said of him, “I found him a pygmy and left him a giant.” Lannes, the son of a stable boy, learned to read and write from a village priest and was apprenticed to

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