Louis II (26 December 1777 – 16 June 1848) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 6 April 1830 until 5 March 1848, ... Count Palatine of Zweibrücken: 5.
Divided the land. Robert was a younger brother of Louis II, and Wolfgang was Louis' son. Technically, Robert held both lands during Wolfgang's minority. Regency of Robert, Count Palatine of Veldenz (1532-1543) Wolfgang: 26 September 1526 1532–1569: 11 June 1569: Palatinate-Zweibrücken: Anna of Hesse 24 February 1544 thirteen children ...
Francis Louis Count Palatine Archbishop of Wrocław 18 July 1664-6 April 1732 Died unmarried ... Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken: 8. Wolfgang, ...
In 1569 he assisted also Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken on his way to France. Frederick's last years were troubled by domestic afflictions. As his older son Louis was a strict Lutheran, he could not hope that after his death his work would be carried out in his own spirit. Family and children. Frederick III was married twice.
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From about 1085/86, after the death of the last Ezzonian count palatine Herman II, Palatinate authority ceased to have any military significance in Lotharingia. In practice, the Count Palatinate's Palatine authority had collapsed, reducing his successor ( Henry of Laach ) to a mere feudal magnate over his own territories – along the Upper Rhine in south-western Franconia.
On Duke Otto II's death in 1253, his sons divided the Wittelsbach possessions between them: Henry became Duke of Lower Bavaria, and Louis II Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine. When Henry's branch died out in 1340 the Emperor Louis IV, a son of Duke Louis II, reunited the duchy.