in 1434 to Count Louis I of Württemberg; in 1452 to Duke Albrecht VI of Austria; Louis IV, Elector Palatine (1 January 1424 – 13 August 1449) Frederick I, Elector Palatine (1 August 1425 – 12 December 1476) Rupprecht (27 February 1427 – 26 July 1480), Prince-elector archbishop of Cologne
Grand Duke of Hesse. In 1892, Ernest Louis succeeded his father as grand duke. Throughout his life, Ernest Louis was a patron of the arts, founding the Darmstadt Artists' Colony, and was himself an author of poems, plays, essays, and piano compositions. Ernest Louis commissioned the New Mausoleum in 1903.