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  1. Ludwig III (Ludwig Luitpold Josef Maria Aloys Alfried; 7 January 1845 – 18 October 1921) was the last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918. Initially he served in the Bavarian military as a lieutenant and went on to hold the rank of Oberleutnant during the Austro-Prussian War.

  2. Ludwig III., König von Bayern, war ab 1912 Prinzregent und von 1913 bis 1918 der letzte König von Bayern. Auf dem Gebiet der Wirtschafts- und Agrarpolitik interessiert und kenntnisreich, war Ludwig zunächst entschlossen, die verfassungsmäßig noch immer starke Stellung der Krone zu eigenem politischen Handeln zu nutzen, ließ sich dann aber im Verlauf des Ersten Weltkriegs von den zivilen und militärischen Reichsstellen fast völlig überspielen. Mit seiner durch die ...

  3. 3 de ene. de 2023 · Louis III, German in full Ludwig Leopold Joseph Maria Aloys Alfred, (born Jan. 7, 1845, Munich [Germany]—died Oct. 18, 1921, Sárvár, Hung.), last king of Bavaria, from 1913 to 1918, when the revolution of November 7–8 brought the rule of the Wittelsbach dynasty to an end. In 1868 he married Maria Theresa, daughter of the archduke Ferdinand of ...

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    Louis III was the third son of King Rupert of Germany and his wife Elisabeth of Nuremberg. During his father's campaign in Italy 1401-1402 Louis served as imperial vicar. He succeeded his father in 1410 as Elector of the Palatinate but did not run for the German crown. The Palatinate was divided between the four of Rupert's surviving sons. As oldes...

    Louis III was married twice. Firstly, he married on 6 July 1402 Blanche of England (1392 – 21 May 1409), daughter of King Henry IV of England and Mary de Bohun. They had one son Ruprecht (22 May 1406 – 20 May 1426). This marriage brought the Palatine Crowninto the hands of the Wittelsbach. Secondly, he married on 30 November 1417 Matilda of Savoy, ...

    Harriss, Gerald (2005). Shaping the Nation: England 1360-1461. Oxford University Press.
    Ogden, Jack (2018). Diamonds: An Early History of the King of Gems. Yale University Press.
    Thomas, Andrew L. (2010). A House Divided: Wittelsbach Confessional Court Cultures in the Holy Roman Empire, c.1550-1650. Brill.
    Watanabe, Morimichi (2011). Christianson, Gerald; Izbicki, Thomas M. (eds.). Nicholas of Cusa: A Companion to His Life and His Times. Ashgate Publishing.
    (in German) genealogie-mittelalter.de
    (in German) Biography[permanent dead link]
    • Early Life
    • Marriage and Children
    • Regent of Bavaria
    • King of Bavaria
    • in Exile
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    Ludwig was born in Munich, the eldest son of Prince Luitpold of Bavaria and of his wife, Archduchess Augusta of Austria (daughter of Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany). He was a direct descendant of both Louis XIV of France and William the Conqueror. Hailing from Florence, Augusta always spoke in Italian to her four children. Ludwig was named after ...

    In June 1867, Ludwig visited Vienna to attend the funeral of his cousin, Archduchess Mathilda of Austria (daughter of his father's sister Princess Hildegarde of Bavaria). While there, Ludwig met Mathilde's eighteen-year-old step-cousin Maria Theresia, Archduchess of Austria-Este. On 20 February 1868, at St. Augustine's Church in Vienna, Ludwig marr...

    On 12 December 1912, Ludwig's father Luitpold died. Luitpold had been an active participant in the deposition of his nephew, King Ludwig II, and had also acted as Prince Regent for his other nephew, King Otto. Otto had been judged to be mentally incapable of ruling. Ludwig immediately succeeded his father as regent. Almost immediately there were ce...

    Ludwig's short reign was conservative and influenced by the Catholic encyclical Rerum Novarum. Prime Minister Georg von Hertling, appointed by Luitpold in 1912, remained in office. At the outbreak of World War I in 1914 Ludwig sent an official dispatch to Berlin to express Bavaria's solidarity. Later Ludwig even claimed annexations for Bavaria (Als...

    Ludwig III returned to Bavaria. His consort Maria Theresia died 3 February 1919 at Wildenwart Castle/Chiemgau. In February 1919, Eisner was assassinated; fearing that he might be the victim of a counter-assassination, Ludwig fled to Hungary, later moving on to Liechtenstein and Switzerland. He returned to Bavaria in April 1920 and lived at Wildenwa...

    Ludwig III. von Bayern, 1845–1921, Ein König auf der Suche nach seinem Volk, by Alfons Beckenbauer (Regensburg: Friedrich Pustet, 1987). The standard modern biography.
    Ludwig, Prinz von Bayern, Ein Lebens und Charakterbild, by Hans Reidelbach (München: Eduard Pohls, 1905). Particularly good for Ludwig's early life.
    Von der Umsturznacht bis zur Totenbahre: Die letzte Leidenszeit König Ludwigs III., by Arthur Achleitner (Dillingen: Veduka, 1922). A detailed work about the last three years of Ludwig's life.
    Ludwig III. König von Bayern: Skizzen aus seiner Lebensgeschichte, by Hubert Glaser (Prien: Verkerhrsverband Chiemsee, 1995). An illustrated catalogue of an exhibition held in Wildenwart in 1995.
  4. Luis III de Baviera (nacido Luis Leopoldo José María Eloisio Alfredo; Múnich, 7 de enero de 1845-Sárvár, 18 de octubre de 1921) fue el último rey de Baviera ente 1913 y 1918. Fue regente durante el reinado de su predecesor, el rey Otón I, entre los años 1912 y 1913.

  5. Prince Wilhelm Louis III v t e Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzog Ludwig III von Hessen und bei Rhein; 9 June 1806, Darmstadt – 13 June 1877, Seeheim) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877. Biography [ edit] 1859 thaler of Hesse, depicting Louis III.