2. Maria Anna Wilhelmina of Baden-Hochberg, had issue 3. Maria Philipina of Althann, no issue 4. Maria Joanna of Schwarzenberg, had issue Ferdinand Kettler, Duke of Courland: 1 Nov 1655 4 May 1737 Johanna Magdalene of Saxe-Weissenfels, no issue Charles XI, King of Sweden: 24 Nov 1655 5 Apr 1697 Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark, had issue
This list contains all European emperors, kings and regent princes and their consorts as well as well-known crown princes since the Middle Ages, whereas the lists are starting with either the beginning of the monarchy or with a change of the dynasty (e.g. England with the Norman king William the Conqueror, Spain with the unification of Castile and Aragon, Sweden with the Vasa dynasty, etc.).
Maria Amalia of Courland 21 May 1673 Kassel fourteen children Philip: 14 December 1655: 1663–1721: 18 June 1721: Hesse-Kassel-Philippsthal: Catherine of Solms-Laubach 14 April 1680 eight children George Christian: 13 November 1625: 1669–1671: 27 August 1681: Hesse-Darmstadt-Homburg: Anna Catharina Pogwitsch 11 October 1666 Hamburg no ...
Maria Amalia of Courland: 21 May 1673: George William, Elector of Brandenburg and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress of Brandenburg: Charles III of Naples: Margaret of Durazzo: 24 January 1370: John of Durazzo and Agnes of Périgord: Charles IV of Spain: Maria Luisa of Parma: 4 September 1765: Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese
In Vienna on 26 September 1819 (by proxy) and again in Dresden on 7 October 1819 (in person), Frederick Augustus married firstly with the Archduchess Maria Caroline of Austria (Maria Karoline Ferdinande Theresia Josephine Demetria), daughter of Emperor Francis I of Austria.
Maria Amalia of Saxony (26 September 1757 – 20 April 1831) married Karl II August of Zweibrücken and had issue; Maximilian of Saxony (13 April 1759 – 3 January 1838) married Princess Caroline of Parma and had issue; married secondly Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma without issue
Between 9 April 1939 and 18 May 1941 and again between 31 July 1943 and 8 September 2022 John William Friso and Maria Louise were the most recent common ancestors to all reigning European monarchs. Between 18 May 1941 and 31 July 1943 the puppet Independent State of Croatia was a kingdom under Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta (his regnal name was Tomislav II) in oppositon to the exiled monarchy ...