The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that lasted from AD 1000 to 1300. The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and were followed by the Late Middle Ages , which ended around AD 1500 (by historiographical convention).
The changes in warfare during the Early Middle Ages to heavy cavalry both precipitated and relied on the arrival of the stirrup, solid-treed saddle, and horseshoe from other cultures. The development of the nailed horseshoe enabled longer, faster journeys on horseback, particularly in the wetter lands in northern Europe, and were useful for campaigns on varied terrains. 
Over the five centuries of the Middle Ages, the English economy would at first grow and then suffer an acute crisis, resulting in significant political and economic change. Despite economic dislocation in urban and extraction economies, including shifts in the holders of wealth and the location of these economies, the economic output of towns and mines developed and intensified over the period ...
Christianity in the Middle Ages covers the history of Christianity from the Fall of the Western Roman Empire (c. 476). The end of the period is variously defined. Depending on the context, events such as the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire in 1453, Christopher Columbus 's first voyage to the Americas in 1492, or the Protestant Reformation in 1517 are sometimes used.
England in the Middle Ages. Anglo-Saxon England (600–1066) England in the High Middle Ages (1066–c. 1216) England in the Late Middle Ages (c. 1216–1485) Scotland in the Middle Ages. Scotland in the Early Middle Ages (400–900) Scotland in the High Middle Ages (900–1286) Scotland in the Late Middle Ages (1286–1513) Wales in the Middle ...
Women in the Middle Ages in Europe occupied a number of different social roles. Women held the positions of wife, mother, peasant , artisan , and nun , as well as some important leadership roles, such as abbess or queen regnant .
The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages was a series of events in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries that ended centuries of European stability during the Late Middle Ages. Three major crises led to radical changes in all areas of society: demographic collapse , political instability , and religious upheavals.