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  1. Oliver Cromwell ( Huntingdon, Inglaterra; 25 de abril de 1599 - Londres, 3 de septiembre de 1658) fue un líder político y militar inglés. Convirtió a Inglaterra en una república denominada Mancomunidad de Inglaterra (en inglés, Commonwealth of England ). Durante los cuarenta primeros años de su vida no fue más que un terrateniente de ...

  2. 16/07/2016 · Oliver Cromwell, un rey sin corona El líder político y militar inglés, uno de los personajes británicos más influyentes, murió en septiembre de 1658 y fue sometido a una ejecución póstuma 03 de septiembre de 2013 · 00:15 Actualizado a 16 de julio de 2016 · 20:52

  3. Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English general and statesman who, first as a subordinate and later as Commander-in-Chief, led armies of the Parliament of England against King Charles I during the English Civil War, subsequently ruling the British Isles as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658.

    • English
    • 1643–1651
  4. Oliver Cromwell (Huntingdon, actual Reino Unido, 1599 - Londres, 1658) Político inglés. Fue el principal protagonista de la Guerras Civiles inglesas (1642-1649) que llevarían a la ejecución del rey Carlos I y a la instauración de la República (1649-1653) y del Protectorado (1653-1658), durante el cual ejerció un poder absoluto como lord protector de Inglaterra.

    • Early Life
    • Military and Political Leader
    • Death and Execution
    • Popular Culture

    Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon, a small town near Cambridge, on 25 April 1599 to Robert Cromwell and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of William Steward. Although not a direct descendent of Henry VIII’s chief minister Thomas Cromwell (who was famously promoted to the earldom of Essex but later executed in 1540 when he fell from the King’s favour), Oliver Cromwell’s great-great-grandfather, Morgan Williams, married Thomas’ sister Katherine in 1497. It was Morgan and Katherine’s three sons who took the surname Cromwell in honour of their famous maternal uncle. This practice was repeated by many of their descendants, who also occasionally used the surname Williams-alias-Cromwell. (In contrast, in the wake of the Restoration some members of the family reverted to the surname Williams temporarily to distance themselves from any links to Oliver Cromwell. ) Morgan Williams and Katherine Cromwell’s eldest son Richard had two sons, Henry and Francis, both of whom also used the surname Cr...

    The summer of 1642 saw the outbreak of the first English Civil Warbetween the Royalists, the supporters of King Charles I who claimed that the King should have absolute power as his divine right as king, and the Parliamentarians who favoured a constitutional monarchy and later the abolition of the monarchy and the House of Lords completely. Colloquially, Royalists were also called Cavaliers in reference to the Latin caballarius, meaning horseman and in Henry IV, Part 2 Shakespeareused the word to describe a haughty member of the gentry. Parliamentarians were referred to as ‘roundheads’ because many Puritan men wore their hair cropped in what would today be described as a ‘bowl cut’ in contrast to the long ringlets favoured by their royalist counterparts as dictated by courtly fashion of the day. Both names were used derisively by their opponents. From the very beginning Cromwell was a committed member of the parliamentary army. He was swiftly promoted to second in command as lieuten...

    It is thought that Cromwell suffered from kidney stones or similar urinary/kidney complaints and in 1658 in the aftermath of malarial fever Cromwell was once again struck down with a urinary infection, which saw his decline and eventual death at the age of 59 on Friday 3 September. Co-incidentally this was also the anniversary of his victories at Worcester and the Scottish town of Dunbar during the Scottish campaign of 1650-51. It is thought that Cromwell’s death was caused by septicemia brought on by the infection, although his grief following the death of his supposed favourite daughter Elizabeth the previous month from what is thought to be cancer certainly contributed to his rapid decline. Both Cromwell and his daughter received an elaborate ceremony (Cromwell’s funeral was based on that of King James I) and buried in a newly-created vault in Henry VII’s chapel at Westminster Abbey. Following Cromwell’s death his son Richard succeeded him to become Lord Protector. However, Richa...

    Despite his death over 350 years ago, to this day Cromwell continues to provoke a strong reaction following his significant role in a dramatic and troubled period of British history. He has prompted numerous monuments, films, television and radio programmes and been broadly referenced throughout popular culture, from being the codeword to warn of an imminent German invasion of Britain in 1940 to Monty Python’s 1989 Oliver Cromwell and more recently the 2004 single by Morrissey, Irish Blood, English Heart. However Winston Churchill’s suggestion to name the British battleship HMS Oliver Cromwellwhen he was First Lord of the Admiralty did not gain royal approval, funnily enough!

  5. Oliver Cromwell nació el 25 de abril de 1599 en Huntingdon. Hijo de Robert Cromwell y Elizabeth Steward, Su familia era originaria de Gales y apellidada Williams , salió del anonimato gracias al favor del ministro de Enrique VIII , Thomas Cromwell, conde de Essex , que era tío del tatarabuelo de Oliver.

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