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  1. Albert, Prince Consort. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the consort of Queen Victoria from their marriage on 10 February 1840 until his death in 1861. Albert was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to a family connected to many of Europe's ...

  2. 03/12/2021 · Prince Albert (full name Prince Franz August Karl Albert Emanuel) was born on the 26 August 1819, the younger son of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (later Saxe-Coburg-Gotha) and Duchess Louise of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg. He spent his childhood at Schloss Rosenau, his family's country home near Coburg, and at the ducal palaces in Coburg and ...

  3. 02/04/2014 · Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was born on August 26, 1819, at Schloss Rosenau, in Bavaria. He was the younger son of the duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, who divorced ...

  4. 10/12/2021 · Albert, Prince Consort, original name Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German Franz Albrecht August Karl Emanuel, Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, (born August 26, 1819, Schloss Rosenau, near Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha—died December 14, 1861, Windsor, Berkshire, England), the prince consort of Queen Victoria of Great Britain and father of King Edward VII.

    • Early Life
    • Marriage
    • Consort of The Queen
    • Reformer and Innovator
    • Family and Public Life
    • Illness and Death
    • Legacy
    • Titles, Styles, Honours and Arms
    • Issue

    Albert (left) with his elder brother Ernest and mother Louise, shortly before her exile from court Albert was born at Schloss Rosenau, near Coburg, Germany, the second son of Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and his first wife, Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Albert's future wife, Queen Victoria, was born in the same year with the assistance of the same midwife. Albert was baptised into the Lutheran Evangelical Church on 19 September 1819 in the Marble Hall at Schloss Rosenau with water taken from the local river, the Itz. His godparents were his paternal grandmother, the Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld; his maternal grandfather, the Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg; the Emperor of Austria; the Duke of Teschen; and Emanuel, Count of Mensdorff-Pouilly. In 1825, Albert's great-uncle, Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, died. His death led to a re-arrangement of the Saxon duchies the following year and Albert's father became reigning duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha....

    Portrait by John Partridge, 1840 By 1836, the idea of marriage between Albert and his cousin, Victoria, had arisen in the mind of their ambitious uncle, Leopold, who had been King of the Belgians since 1831. At this time, Victoria was the heiress presumptive to the British throne. Her father, Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George III, had died when she was a baby, and her elderly uncle, King William IV, had no legitimate children. Her mother, the Duchess of Kent, Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was the sister of both Albert's father—the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha—and Leopold, King of the Belgians. Leopold arranged for his sister, Victoria's mother, to invite the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his two sons to visit her in May 1836, with the purpose of meeting Victoria. King William IV, however, disapproved of any match with the Coburgs, and instead favoured the suit of Prince Alexander, second son of the Prince of Orange. Victoria was well aware of the...

    The position in which the prince was placed by his marriage, while one of distinction, also offered considerable difficulties; in Albert's own words, "I am very happy and contented; but the difficulty in filling my place with the proper dignity is that I am only the husband, not the master in the house." The Queen's household was run by her former governess, Baroness Lehzen. Albert referred to her as the "House Dragon", and manoeuvred to dislodge the Baroness from her position. Within two months of the marriage, Victoria was pregnant. Albert started to take on public roles; he became President of the Society for the Extinction of Slavery (slavery had already been abolished throughout the British Empire, but was still lawful in places such as the United States and the colonies of France); and helped Victoria privately with her government paperwork. In June 1840, while on a public carriage ride, Albert and the pregnant Victoria were shot at by Edward Oxford, who was later judged insan...

    In 1847, Albert was elected Chancellor of the University of Cambridge after a close contest with the Earl of Powis, who was killed accidentally by his own son during a pheasant shoot the following year. Albert used his position as Chancellor to campaign successfully for reformed and more modern university curricula, expanding the subjects taught beyond the traditional mathematics and classics to include modern history and the natural sciences. That summer, Victoria and Albert spent a rainy holiday in the west of Scotland at Loch Laggan, but heard from their doctor, Sir James Clark, that his son had enjoyed dry, sunny days further east at Balmoral Castle. The tenant of Balmoral, Sir Robert Gordon, died suddenly in early October, and Albert began negotiations to take over the lease from the owner, the Earl Fife. In May the following year, Albert leased Balmoral, which he had never visited, and in September 1848 he, his wife and the older children went there for the first time. They ca...

    In 1852, a timely legacy from eccentric miser John Camden Neild made it possible for Albert to obtain the freehold of Balmoral, and as usual he embarked on an extensive program of improvements. The same year, he was appointed to several of the offices left vacant by the death of the Duke of Wellington, including the mastership of Trinity House and the colonelcy of the Grenadier Guards. With Wellington out of the picture, Albert was able to propose and campaign for modernisation of the army, which was long overdue. Thinking that the military was unready for war, and that Christian rule was preferable to Islamic rule, Albert counselled a diplomatic solution to conflict between the Russian and Ottoman empires. Palmerston was more bellicose, and favoured a policy that would prevent further Russian expansion. Palmerston was manoeuvred out of the cabinet in December 1853, but at about the same time a Russian fleet attacked the Ottoman fleet at anchor at Sinop. The London press depicted th...

    Albert was seriously ill with stomach cramps in August 1859. During a trip to Coburg in the autumn of 1860 he was driving alone in a carriage drawn by four horses that suddenly bolted. As the horses continued to gallop toward a stationary wagon waiting at a railway crossing, Albert jumped for his life from the carriage. One of the horses was killed in the collision, and Albert was badly shaken, though his only physical injuries were cuts and bruises. He told his brother and eldest daughter that he sensed his time had come. In 1861, Victoria's mother and Albert's aunt, the Duchess of Kent, died and Victoria was grief-stricken; Albert took on most of the Queen's duties, despite being ill himself with chronic stomach trouble. The last public event he presided over was the opening of the Royal Horticultural Gardens on 5 June 1861. In August, Victoria and Albert visited the Curragh Camp, Ireland, where the Prince of Wales was doing army service. At the Curragh, the Prince of Wales was in...

    The Queen's grief was overwhelming, and the tepid feelings the public had felt previously for Albert were replaced by sympathy. Victoria wore black in mourning for the rest of her long life, and Albert's rooms in all his houses were kept as they had been, even with hot water brought in the morning, and linen and towels changed daily. Such practices were not uncommon in the houses of the very rich. Victoria withdrew from public life and her seclusion eroded some of Albert's work in attempting to re-model the monarchy as a national institution setting a moral, if not political, example. Albert is credited with introducing the principle that the British royal family should remain above politics. Before his marriage to Victoria, she supported the Whigs; for example, early in her reign Victoria managed to thwart the formation of a Tory government by Sir Robert Peel by refusing to accept substitutions which Peel wanted to make among her ladies-in-waiting. Albert's body was temporarily ent...

    Titles and styles 1. 26 August 1819 – 12 November 1826: His Serene HighnessPrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke of Saxony 2. 12 November 1826 – 6 February 1840: His Serene HighnessPrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony 3. 6 February 1840 – 25 June 1857: His Royal HighnessPrince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony 4. 25 June 1857 – 14 December 1861: His Royal HighnessThe Prince Consort Honours British Empire 1. KG: Knight of the Garter, 16 December 1839 2. KT: Knight of the Thistle 3. KP: Knight of St Patrick 4. GMB: Great Master of the Order of the Bath 5. KSI: Knight Companion of the Star of India 6. GCMG: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George Foreign 1. Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece Arms Coat of arms of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as granted in 1840 by the College of Arms On his marriage to Queen Victoria in 1840, Prince Albert was granted his own personal coat of arms, which was the royal coat of arms...

    Victoria, Princess Royal, German Empress
    Edward VII
    Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse
    Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  5. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was born at Schloss Rosenau, near Coburg in Germany on 26 August 1819. He was the second son of Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. He was christened Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel in the Lutheran Evangelical Church on 19 September 1819 in the Marble Hall at ...

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    King Albert I (born 8 April 1875) is the exiled King of the Belgians. He currently resides in exile in Canada with the other members of the Belgian Royal family. Having bravely defended Belgium with his army against the invading Germans during the Weltkrieg, Albert was forced into exile after his country and throne were abolished and replaced by the Kingdom of Flanders-Wallonia. Since then, Albert has become a key symbol of resistance towards the new German regime, and is the head of the Exiled...

    Early Life Albert was born in Brussels, the fifth child and second son of Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders. Albert grew up in the Palace of the Count of Flanders, initially as third in the line of succession to the Belgian throne as his reigning uncle Leopold II's son had already died. When, however, Albert's older brother, Prince Baudouin of Belgium, who had been subsequently prepared for the throne, also died young, Albert, at the age of 16, unexpectedly became second in line (after his fath...

    Albert was married in Munich on 2 October 1900 to Bavarian Duchess Elisabeth Gabrielle Valérie Marie, a Wittelsbach princess whom he had met at a family funeral. Becoming the Queen of the Belgians in 1909, she was widely beloved along with her husband. The couple, who are deeply in love, had three children: Léopold, Duke of Brabant, Prince of Belgium, (3 November 1901) Charles, Count of Flanders, Prince of Belgium, (10 October 1903) Marie-José, Princess of Belgium, (4 August 1906)

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