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  1. Princess Caroline Augusta of Bavaria ( German: Karoline Auguste; Mannheim, 8 February 1792 – 9 February 1873 in Vienna) was Empress of Austria by marriage to Francis I of Austria. She was a daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt.

  2. Princess Caroline Augusta of Bavaria was Empress of Austria by marriage to Francis I of Austria. She was a daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of...

  3. Caroline Augusta of Bavaria. Princess Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (German: Karoline Auguste; Mannheim, 8 February 1792 – 9 February 1873 in Vienna) was Empress of Austria by marriage to Francis I of Austria. She was a daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt. Read more on Wikipedia

  4. Caroline Augusta of Bavaria. Princess Caroline Augusta of Bavaria ( German: Karoline Auguste von Bayern; Mannheim, 8 February 1792 – 9 February 1873 in Vienna) was a daughter of Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria (1756–1825) and his wife, Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1765–1796), and a member of the House of Wittelsbach.

  5. Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (1792–1873) Bavarian princess. Name variations: Karoline Augusta or Auguste; Charlotta Augusta; Charlotte of Bavaria. Born on February 8, 1792, in Mannheim; died on February 9, 1873, in Vienna; daughter of Wilhelmine of Darmstadt (1765–1796) and Maximilian I Joseph, elector of Bavaria (r. 1799–1805), king of Bavaria (r.

    • Victim of Politics
    • Empress of Austria
    • Napoleon II’s Second Mother
    • Caroline Augusta as Empress Dowager

    Caroline Augusta of Bavaria was born in Mannheim to a German noble family on February 8, 1792. Her mother, Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt, died when Caroline was four years old. Her father Maximilian, a member of the Bavarian House of Wittelsbach and a general in the Austrian army, remarried. In 1806, due to an alliance with Napoleon Bonaparte, he became King of Bavaria. The elevation of Bavaria to a kingdom was part of a bargain in which Caroline’s older sister Augusta married Napoleon’s stepson, Eugène de Beauharnais, the son of Napoleon’s first wife, Josephine. Caroline Augusta’s marriage was also arranged, at age 16, to 26-year old Prince William of Württemberg. They wed on June 8, 1808 in Munich. Her husband regarded it as a purely political match and reportedly told Caroline that they were victims of politics. He avoided her as much as possible, and the marriage was never consummated. In 1814, once Napoleon’s abdication rendered the reason for the union moot, t...

    Caroline Augusta’s second match was also a political marriage, but a step up. On October 29, 1816, at the Church of St. Augustin in Vienna, she married Francis I, Emperor of Austriaand King of Hungary and Bohemia. She was Francis’s fourth wife, and 24 years his junior. Having three times become a widower, Francis thought he deserved a younger wife. His brother, Grand Duke Ferdinand III of Tuscany, was also vying for Caroline Augusta’s hand. Britain’s ambassador to Austria, Charles Stewart, described Caroline Augusta to British Foreign Minister Lord Castlereagh as follows. Another English diplomat, Frederick Lamb, said Caroline Augusta was “ugly, clever and amiable, and as the Emperor expresses it: ‘She can stand a push, the other was nothing but air.’” (2) The new Empress was popular with the Austrian people. She took an interest in their welfare, founding several hospitals and residences for the poor. Under the influence of her religiosity, a devotional air pervaded the court.

    In the absence of children of her own, Caroline Augusta became attached to Francis’s grandson, Napoleon II, known in Austria as Franz, the Duke of Reichstadt. The son of Napoleon and Francis’s daughter Marie Louise, the boy had been moved to the Viennese court in 1814, at age 3. Caroline Augusta adored young Franz, whom she nicknamed Fränzchen, as she calls him in Napoleon in America. In a letter to the boy’s governor, Maurice Dietrichstein, dated July 17, 1821, the tutor Mathias de Collin described the Empress as the boy’s “protectress.” (3) Marie Louise wrote that same year: “He [Franz] is the idol of my father and of the Empress, who is like a second mother to him.” (4) In letters, Caroline Augusta addressed Franz as “Dearest Frankie” and “my dear little son,” and signed herself “Your very loving grandmother.” (5) Caroline Augusta took a keen interest in Franz’s education. She – along with her husband – liked to sit in on his exams. Whether Franz enjoyed this attention is hard to...

    Emperor Francis died three years later, leaving Caroline Augusta a widow at the age of 43. Melanie Metternich, the wife of Austrian Chancellor and Foreign Minister Clemens von Metternich, described visiting the bereaved Empress on April 7, 1835. Caroline Augusta became the Empress Dowager of Austria. She remained close to the imperial household, especially since her half-sister, Sophie, was married to Francis’s son, the Archduke Franz Karl. Their son, Franz Joseph, ascended the imperial throne in 1848. Caroline Augusta died on February 9, 1873, one day after her 81st birthday. She is buried in the Imperial crypt of the Capuchin Churchin Vienna. You might also enjoy: Napoleon II: Napoleon’s Son, the King of Rome Francis I of Austria: Napoleon’s Father-in-Law Marie Louise of Austria, Napoleon’s Second Wife Maurice Dietrichstein, Governor of Napoleon’s Son Clemens von Metternich: The man who outwitted Napoleon? Archduke Franz Karl of Austria Adam Albert von Neipperg, Lover of Napoleon’...

  6. 17/04/2016 · Caroline Augusta of Bavaria was born on February 8, 1792, in Mannheim, then in the Electorate of the Palatinate, now in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. She was the third daughter and the fourth of the five children of Maximilian IV Joseph, Prince-Elector of Bavaria and his first wife Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt .

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