Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG, PC (/ ˈ d ɛ v ə ˌ r uː /; 10 November 1565 – 25 February 1601) was an English nobleman and a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599.
Hammer, P.E.J. (1999): The Polarisation of Elizabethan Politics: The Political Career of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, 1585–1597 Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-01941-9; Hammer, P.E.J. (2003): Elizabeth's Wars: War, Government and Society in Tudor England, 1544–1604 Palgrave Macmillan ISBN 0-333-91943-2
Earldom of Essex forfeit 1540: Richard Devereux (d. 1547) William Parr (1513–1571) Earl of Essex 1st Marquess of Northampton: Catherine Parr (1512–1548) Earldom of Essex forfeit 1553, restored 1559, extinct 1571: EARL OF ESSEX (eighth creation), 1572: Walter Devereux (1541–1576) 1st Earl of Essex: Robert Devereux (1565–1601) 2nd Earl of ...
Robert Devereux, II conde de Essex ; La leyenda dice que se puede ver a Ana Bolena, ejecutada por traición al rey Enrique VIII, pasear por la Torre con su cabeza bajo el brazo. [cita requerida] El uso militar de la Torre como fortificación se volvió obsoleta con la introducción de la artillería.
Robert Spencer was born in Paris in 1641. His father was Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland, who was killed at the First Battle of Newbury, and his mother was the Lady Dorothy Sidney, daughter of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester. At the age of three he inherited his father's dignities, becoming Baron of Wormleighton and Earl of Sunderland.
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Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, KG, PC (1 June 1563 – 24 May 1612), was an English statesman noted for his direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603).