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  1. Sir James Douglas, también conocido como Good Sir James y Black Douglas (1286 - 25 de agosto de 1330 ), fue un señor que luchó en las Guerras de independencia de Escocia. Índice 1 Biografía 2 La despensa de Douglas 3 La caída de Roxburgh 4 Bannockburn 5 Señor de la guerra 6 Myton y Byland 7 «Douglas! Douglas!» 8 Muerte de Douglas 9 Referencias

  2. Sir James Douglas, byname Black Douglas, (born c. 1286—died Aug. 25, 1330, Spain), lord of the Douglas family and champion of Robert de Bruce (King Robert I of Scotland). Son of Sir William Douglas (d. c. 1298), who was captured by the English and died in the Tower of London, Sir James was educated in Paris and returned home to find an Englishman, Robert de Clifford, in possession of his estates.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Sir James Douglas, (born Aug. 15, 1803, Demerara, British Guiana—died Aug. 2, 1877, Victoria, B.C., Can.), Canadian statesman known as “the father of British Columbia .” He became its first governor when it was a newly formed wilderness colony.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
    • Family Background
    • Education
    • with The North West Company
    • with The Hudson’s Bay Company
    • Governor of Vancouver Island
    • Douglas Treaties
    • Fraser River Gold Rush
    • Fraser Canyon War
    • Governor of British Columbia
    • Retirement in 1864

    James Douglas was the son of John Douglas, a Scottish merchant of cotton and sugarwho owned a plantation in Demerara, a Dutch colony in present-day Guyana. The Douglas family was well-established in Scotland, and John was descended from the earls of Angus. John’s brother, Lieutenant-General Sir Neil Douglas, became Commander-in-Chief for Scotland i...

    In 1812, when James Douglas was nine years old, his father sent him and his brother, Alexander, to Lanark, Scotland, for schooling. James never returned to Demerara or saw his mother again.

    In 1819, when he was 15, Douglas was apprenticed to the North West Company (NWC), a major force in the fur trade, and sailed to Montreal. He spent his first years working in the counting houses of Fort William (in present-day Ontario) and Île-à-la-Crosse(Saskatchewan), learning the fur trade and its accountingpractices. At the time, intense competi...

    In 1826, Douglas was posted at Fort St. James in the New Caledonia district (now mainland British Columbia). He was asked by Chief Factor William Connolly to join the first overland fur brigade from Fort Alexandria on the upper Fraser River to Fort Vancouver (now Vancouver, Washington) on the Columbia River. According to Connolly, Douglas was a “Fi...

    In order to prevent American expansion northward, Vancouver Island was declared a Crown colony on 13 January 1849 and was leased to the HBC for 10 years. Douglas, the supervisor of the fur tradesince 1845, was appointed HBC agent on the island. However, the British government selected barrister Richard Blanshard for governor. Blanshard arrived at F...

    From 1850 to 1854, Douglas negotiated 14 land purchases with First Nations on Vancouver Island, including land in and around Fort Victoria, Fort Rupert and Nanaimo. These are known as the Douglas Treaties or Fort Victoria Treaties (see Treaties with Indigenous Peoples in Canada). In each, lands were purchased in exchange for small amounts of cash, ...

    On 25 April 1858, a boatload of boisterous miners from California — the first wave of 25,000 newcomers — arrived in Fort Victoria on their way to search for gold on the Fraser River sandbars (see Fraser River Gold Rush). To that point, Vancouver Island and mainland New Caledoniawere sparsely populated by European settlers. About 500 settlers lived ...

    Douglas also believed that the American miners would provoke a bloody military conflict with the Nlaka’pamux peoples and surrounding Indigenous communities along the Fraser River. He expressed these concerns in a letter to his superiors in England on 15 June 1858, saying: “It will require I fear the nicest tact to avoid a disastrous Indian war.” Ho...

    With the gold discovery, Britain decided to cancel the special privileges that had been granted the HBC until March 1859. Douglas was offered the governorship of the new colony of British Columbia, this time on the condition that he sever his fur-trade connections. He would be given extensive political power, since it seemed unwise to experiment wi...

    Beginning in 1860, the citizens of British Columbia made several petitions to Douglas for a form of popular government in the colony. Dissatisfied with his response, they directly petitioned the Colonial Office in London in 1863. It seemed an opportune time to retire Douglas as governor of both Vancouver Island and British Columbia, and he left the...

  4. Sir James Douglas (also known as Good Sir James and the Black Douglas; c. 1286 – 25 August 1330 [1]) was a Scottish knight and feudal lord. He was one of the chief commanders during the Wars of Scottish Independence . Contents 1 Early life 2 The Douglas Larder 3 Roxburgh Falls 4 Bannockburn 5 Warlord 6 Myton and Byland 7 More raids 8 Final campaign

  5. S ir James Douglas KCB (1803 –1877) was a Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) fur-trader, then colonial governor of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, now part of Canada. Douglas started working in Canada at age 16 for the North West Company, and later for the HBC, becoming a high-ranking company officer. In the trade he was known as a “Scottish West ...

  6. Sir James Douglas KCB was a British Columbian fur trader and politician who became the first Governor of the Colony of British Columbia. He is often credited as "The Father of British Columbia." He was instrumental to the resettlement of 35 African-Americans fleeing a life of racial persecution in San Francisco who arrived in the province aboard the steampship Commodore in what later became known as the Pioneer Committee. In 1863, Douglas was knighted by Queen Victoria for his ...

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