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  1. › wiki › GermanyGermany - Wikipedia

    Hace 1 día · The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. The German term Deutschland, originally diutisciu land ('the German lands') is derived from deutsch (cf. Dutch), descended from Old High German diutisc 'of the people' (from diot or diota 'people'), originally used to distinguish the language of the ...

  2. Hace 5 días · Mit dem Ende der Viermächteverantwortung erlangte das vereinte Deutschland volle Souveränität. Staatsgebiet Das Staatsgebiet der Bundesrepublik (Bundesgebiet) ergibt sich aus der Gesamtheit der Staatsgebiete ihrer Länder.

  3. › wiki › EstoniaEstonia - Wikipedia

    Hace 2 días · The sovereign state of Estonia is a democratic unitary parliamentary republic, administratively subdivided into 15 maakond (counties). With a population of just over 1.3 million, it is one of the least populous members of the European Union, the Eurozone, the OECD, the Schengen Area, and NATO.

  4. › wiki › GovernmentGovernment - Wikipedia

    • Definitions and Etymology
    • History
    • Political Science
    • Forms
    • Branches
    • Party System
    • Maps
    • Further Reading

    A government is the system to govern a state or community. The Columbia Encyclopedia defines government as "a system of social control under which the right to make laws, and the right to enforce them, is vested in a particular group in society". While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically t...

    Earliest governments

    The moment and place that the phenomenon of human government developed is lost in time; however, history does record the formations of early governments. About 5,000 years ago, the first small city-states appeared. By the third to second millenniums BC, some of these had developed into larger governed areas: Sumer, ancient Egypt, the Indus Valley civilization, and the Yellow River civilization. The development of agriculture and water control projects were a catalyst for the development of go...

    Modern governments

    Starting at the end of the 17th century, the prevalence of republican forms of government grew. The English Civil War and Glorious Revolution in England, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution contributed to the growth of representative forms of government. The Soviet Union was the first large country to have a Communist government. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, liberal democracyhas become an even more prevalent form of government. In the nineteenth and twentieth century, the...


    In political science, it has long been a goal to create a typology or taxonomy of polities, as typologies of political systems are not obvious. It is especially important in the political science fields of comparative politics and international relations. Like all categories discerned within forms of government, the boundaries of government classifications are either fluid or ill-defined. Superficially, all governments have an official de jure or ideal form. The United States is a federal con...

    Social-political ambiguity

    Opinions vary by individuals concerning the types and properties of governments that exist. "Shades of gray" are commonplace in any government and its corresponding classification. Even the most liberal democracies limit rival political activity to one extent or another while the most tyrannical dictatorships must organize a broad base of support thereby creating difficulties for "pigeonholing" governments into narrow categories. Examples include the claims of the United States as being a plu...

    Plato in his book The Republicdivided governments into five basic types (four being existing forms and one being Plato's ideal form, which exists "only in speech"): 1. Aristocracy(rule by law and order, like ideal traditional “benevolent” kingdoms that aren’t tyrannical) 2. Timocracy(rule by honor and duty, like a “benevolent” military; Sparta as a...

    Governments are typically organised into distinct institutions constituting branches of government each with particular powers, functions, duties, and responsibilities. The distribution of powers between these institutions differs between governments, as do the functions and number of branches. An independent, parallel distribution of powers betwee...

    Presently, most governments are administered by members of an explicitly constituted political party which coordinates the activities of associated government officials and candidates for office. In a multiparty system of government, multiple political parties have the capacity to gain control of government offices, typically by competing in electi...

    Democracy is the most popular form of government with more than half of the nations in the world being democracies-97 of 167 nations as of 2021. However the world is becoming more authoritarian with a quarter of the world's population under democratically backslidinggovernments.

    de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno; Smith, Alastair (2012). The Dictator's Handbook: Why Bad Behavior is Almost Always Good Politics. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 9781610390446. OCLC 1026803822.
    de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno; Smith, Alastair; Siverson, Randolph M.; Morrow, James D. (2003). The Logic of Political Survival. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 9780262025461. OCLC 475265120.
    Dobson, William J. (2013). The Dictator's Learning Curve: Inside the Global Battle for Democracy. New York: Anchor. ISBN 978-0307477552. OCLC 849820048.
    Friedrich, Carl J.; Brzezinski, Zbigniew K. (1966) [1965]. Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy (2nd ed.). New York: Frederick A. Praeger. ISBN 9780674895652. OCLC 826626632.
  5. › wiki › KanadaKanada – Wikipedia

    13 de mar. de 2023 · Kanada ( englisch und französisch Canada) ist ein Staat in Nordamerika, der zwischen dem Atlantik im Osten und dem Pazifik im Westen liegt und nordwärts bis zum Arktischen Ozean reicht. Bundeshauptstadt ist Ottawa, die bevölkerungsreichste Stadt ist Toronto.

  6. Hace 5 días · Bis Oktober 1971 gehörte die Republik China (auf Taiwan) als einziger Nachfolgestaat der ehemaligen, zwischen 1911 und 1949 bestehenden Republik China den Vereinten Nationen an. Mit der Resolution 2758 der UN-Generalversammlung vom 25. Oktober 1971 verlor sie diese Stellung an die Volksrepublik China.

  7. Hace 4 días · Der Souverän schafft und garantiert in Schmitts Denken die Ordnung. Hierfür hat er das Monopol der letzten Entscheidung. Souveränität ist für Schmitt also juristisch von diesem Entscheidungsmonopol her zu definieren („Souverän ist, wer über den Ausnahmezustand entscheidet“), nicht von einem Gewalt- oder Herrschaftsmonopol aus.