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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › SussexSussex - Wikipedia

    Sussex ( / ˈsʌsɪks / ), from the Old English Sūþsēaxe ( lit. ' South Saxons '), is a historic county in South East England that was formerly an independent medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdom. It is bounded to the west by Hampshire, north by Surrey, northeast by Kent, south by the English Channel, and divided for many purposes into the ...

    • SSX
  2. Sussex ( /ˈsʌsɪks/) es un condado del sur de Inglaterra, que se corresponde aproximadamente con el territorio del antiguo Reino de Sussex. Limita al norte con el condado de Surrey, al este con el condado de Kent, al oeste con Hampshire y al sur con el Canal de la Mancha.

    • Orígenes Del Reino de Sussex
    • Geografía
    • población Y Localidades
    • Historia
    • Referencias

    La fundación del Reino de Sussex es la más oscura y controvertida de todos los Estados de la Heptarquía, por un lado la falta de fuentes históricas de la época, por otro la falta de hallazgos arqueológicos que avalen la historia y, por último, las grandes lagunas entre la supuesta fundación del reino y las posteriores referencias a Sussex. La Leyen...

    Los límites del reino sajón de Sussex coinciden en general con los del antiguo reino britano de Regneses y con el posterior condado inglés de Sussex, que en la actualidad está dividido entre los condados de East Sussex y West Sussex. Situado en la costa meridional de la isla de Gran Bretaña, toda su frontera sur limitaba con el Canal de la Mancha, ...

    Las agrestes tierras del Sussex medieval no eran las más indicadas para un poblamiento muy denso, aunque presentaban ciertas similitudes con la tierra de origen de los invasores, la Sajonia germánica. El patrón de asentamiento en casi todo el territorio fueron las pequeñas comunidades familiares dispersas, dedicadas a la ganadería ovina y bovina, l...

    La historia del reino de Sussex está muy poco documentada, no existe ninguna lista real y se conocen algunos mandatarios apenas por algunos “charters” ocasionales. Entre 491 y 607, no es posible encontrar en las ASC ninguna referencia relacionada con el supuesto reino. En la entrada del 607 solo dice “Ese año Ceolwulf luchó contra los Sajones del S...

    Asser (2004). Keyne Lapidge (Trans). ed. Alfred the Great. Penguin Classic. ISBN 978-0-14-044409-4.
    Bede (1990). Sherley-Price, Leo and Farmer, D.H. (Trans). ed. Ecclesiastical History of the English People. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-044565-X.
    Bell, Martin (1978). Saxon Sussex. In Drewett, P. L. (ed.), Archaeology in Sussex to AD 1500 : essays for Eric Holden.
    Belloc, Hillaire (reprinted 1996). The Hills and the Sea. Marlborough. ISBN 0-8101-6009-9.
    • Geography
    • Population
    • History
    • Life and Society
    • Culture
    • Heraldic Device
    • See Also

    The Kingdom of Sussex had its initial focus in a territory based on the former kingdom and Romano-British civitas of the Regni and its boundaries coincided in general with those of the later county of Sussex. For a brief period in the 7th century, the Kingdom of Sussex controlled the Isle of Wight and the territory of the Meonwara in the Meon Valle...

    The population of Britain as a whole is likely to have declined sharply around the 4th century from around 2–4 million in AD 200 to less than 1 million in AD 300. There would have been a similarly sharp decline in the population of Sussex during this period. At the end of the 4th century there was a decline in the birth rate across Roman Britain; t...

    Foundation story

    The foundation legend of the Kingdom of the South Saxons is given by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which states that in the year AD 477 Ælle arrived at a place called Cymenshore in three ships with his three sons, Cissa, Cymen and Wlencing. The Chronicle describes how on landing Ælle slew the local defenders and drove the remainder into the Forest of Andred. The Chronicle goes on to describe Ælle's battle with the British in 485 near the bank of Mercredesburne, and his siege of the Saxon Shore f...

    Early period

    Archaeology gives a different settlement picture to that indicated by the South Saxon foundation story. Germanic tribes probably first arrived in Sussex earlier in the 5th century than AD 477. The archaeological evidence that we do have indicates the area of settlement by the location of cemeteries of the period. The origins of the settlers can be derived by comparing the design of grave goods and pottery with the designs of similar items in the German homelands. The principal area of settlem...

    Christianisation and loss of independence

    After 491 the written history of Sussex goes blank until 607, when the annals report that Ceolwulf of Wessex fought against the South Saxons. Threatened by Wessex, the South Saxons sought to secure their independence by alliance with Mercia. To the South Saxons, the more distant influence and control of a king from Mercia is likely to have been preferable to that of the West Saxons. The alliance between Mercia and the South Saxons was further sealed by Æðelwealh, king of Sussex, receiving bap...

    Defence and warfare

    The earliest recorded Viking raid on Sussex took place in 895and it was particularly difficult for a scattered farming community to meet these sudden attacks. In 895 the population of Chichester killed many hundreds of Danes who plundered the area. Eadulf, a Saxon noble, was appointed to organise the defence of Sussex but died from the plague before much could be done. Alfred the Great almost certainly inaugurated the building of a series of burhs or forts to be garrisoned at the threat of da...

    Economy

    Deposited around c.470 as the kingdom of Sussex was being established, the Patching hoard of coins represents the earliest early mediaeval coins found in Britain. The hoard includes five imported siliquaethat had not been clipped, so coin-clipping had probably ceased by then, although the coinage had probably collapsed decades earlier than this, after Roman rule in Britain collapsed. In the first quarter of the 8th century the Kingdom of Sussex was among the kingdoms producing coinage, possib...

    Capital

    At the time of the South Saxons it is unlikely that they would have had a capital in Sussex. The archaeologist Martin Biddle said that "the evidence we have for the residences and itineraries of English kings before the Norman conquest is all too thin" and according to Frank Stenton "In the eleventh century the conception of a capital city had not yet taken a definite shape anywhere in the west. The centre of government in England was the kings’ mobile court. The king was free to hold a counci...

    There is significant evidence for Frankishcultural influence on the kingdom of Sussex as well as the neighbouring kingdom of Kent; occasional references in Continental works suggest that Frankish kings may at one point have thought of the people of Sussex and other south eastern kingdoms as their political dependants. According to Gabor Thomas, the...

    The shield or emblem of Sussex, sometimes referred to as a coat of arms, consists of six gold martlets on a blue field. It was attributed to the Kingdom of Sussex later in a work called "Saxon Heptarchy" by John Speed that dates from 1611. The depiction shows Ælle of Sussex, the founder and first king of Sussex, holding the shield over his shoulder...

    • Monarchy
    • Sceat
    • Vassal of Wessex (686–726, 827–860), Vassal of Mercia (771–796)
    • Paganism (before 7th century), Christianity, – Pre-Schism (after 7th century)
  3. Sussex Occidental o Sussex del Oeste (en inglés: West Sussex /ˈwɛstʲ ˈsʌsɪks/) es uno de los cuarenta y siete condados de Inglaterra, Reino Unido, con capital en Chichester.

  4. El príncipe Enrique, duque de Sussex ( Henry Charles Albert David; a Paddington, Londres; 15 de septiembre de 1984), 2 es el menor de los hijos de Carlos, príncipe de Gales y Diana, princesa de Gales. Es nieto de la reina Isabel II del Reino Unido y su esposo Felipe de Edimburgo, y sus abuelos maternos son John Spencer, VIII conde de Spencer ...