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  1. Torres Vedras es una ciudad portuguesa del Distrito de Lisboa.Pertenece a la Región Centro y a la subregión de Oeste.Su nombre deriva del latín y significa 'Torres viejas' (de la misma forma que Pontevedra significa 'Puente viejo').

  2. Torres Vedras. Localidade. Poblada en la prehistoria y en el tiempo de los romanos, Torres Vedras recibió su fuero a mediados del s. XIII. El Convento del Varatojo, uno de los monumentos religiosos más importantes de la región, fue fundado en 1470 por el rey D. Afonso V, como agradecimiento por las conquistas en el Norte de África. En el s.

  3. Torres Vedras ( Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈtoʁɨʒ ˈvɛðɾɐʃ] ( listen)) is a municipality in the Portuguese district of Lisbon, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the capital Lisbon in the Oeste region, in the Centro of Portugal. The population as of 2011. was 79,465, in an area of 407.15 square kilometres (157.20 sq mi).

  4. Las Líneas de Torres Vedras fueron líneas de fortificación construidas en secreto para la defensa de la península de Lisboa durante la Guerra de la Independencia Española, llamada Guerra Peninsular por los británicos y los portugueses. Toman su nombre de la ciudad de Torres Vedras, siendo su construcción ordenada por Arthur Wellesley el ...

  5. The small city of Torres Vedras is situated about an hour north of Lisbon and a few kilometres inland. Although not immediately bursting with character there are a few sights worth seeing, many of which are concentrated in the jumble of cobbled streets that run down from the castle. This is also a town with a long and rich history. Torres Vedras old town The focal point for visitors to Torres ...

  6. Lines of Torres Vedras. The Lines of Torres Vedras, on the peninsula north of Lisbon, are the most famous fortifications of the Napoleonic Wars, and in 1810 were the only thing that saved Wellington from having to evacuate his army from Portugal during Marshal Masséna’s invasion of the country. When the British government was deciding ...

    • Overview
    • Development
    • Planning
    • Construction
    • Holding the Lines
    • Memorial

    The Lines of Torres Vedras were lines of forts and other military defences built in secrecy to defend Lisbon during the Peninsular War. Named after the nearby town of Torres Vedras, they were ordered by Arthur Wellesley, Viscount Wellington, constructed by Sir Richard Fletcher, 1st Baronet, and his Portuguese workers between November 1809 and September 1810, and used to stop Marshal Masséna's 1810 offensive. The Lines were declared a National Heritage by the Portuguese Government in March 2019.

    At the beginning of the Peninsular War France and Spain signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau in October 1807. This provided for the invasion and subsequent division of Portuguese territory into three kingdoms. Subsequently, French troops under the command of General Junot entered Portugal, which requested support from the British. In July 1808 troops commanded by Sir Arthur Wellesley, the later Duke of Wellington, landed in Portugal and defeated French troops at the Battles of Roliça and Vimeiro.

    In October 1809, Wellington, drawing on topographical maps prepared by José Maria das Neves Costa, and making use of a report that was prepared for General Junot in 1807, surveyed the area north of Lisbon with Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Richard Fletcher. Eventually they chose the terrain from Torres Vedras to Lisbon because of its mountainous characteristics. From north to south great undulations, created peaks that straddled deep valleys, great gullies and wide ravines. The rugged and inhospitable

    The work began on the main defensive works on 3 November 1809, initially at the Fort of São Julião da Barra and almost immediately afterwards at the Fort of São Vicente overlooking the town of Torres Vedras and at the Fort of Alqueidão on top of Monte Agraço. The entire construction was carried out in great secrecy and the French never became aware of it. Only one report appeared in the London newspapers, a major source of information for Napoleon. It is said that the British ...

    The Anglo-Portuguese Army was forced to retreat to the first line after winning the Battle of Buçaco on 27 September 1810. The French army under Marshal Masséna discovered a barren land and an enemy behind an almost impenetrable defensive position. Masséna's forces arrived at the lines on 11 October and took Sobral de Monte Agraço the following day. On 14 October the VIII Corps tried to push forward but at the Battle of Sobral they were repelled in an attempt to assault a strong British ...

    A monument commemorating the victory of the Anglo-Portuguese troops over the French armies and the construction of the Torres Vedras Lines was approved in 1874 and finished in 1883. Somewhat reminiscent of Nelson’s Column in London, the column is topped by a statue of the classical Greek figure of Hercules. This was executed by the sculptor Simões de Almeida who was also responsible for the Monument to the Restorers in Lisbon. The column used marble from the parish of Pêro Pinheiro in ...

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