Sébastien Le Prestre, Señor de Vauban y posteriormente Marqués de Vauban, llamado comúnmente Vauban, fue mariscal de Francia y el principal ingeniero militar de su tiempo, afamado por su habilidad tanto en el diseño de fortificaciones como en su conquista. También aconsejó a Luis XIV sobre la consolidación de las fronteras, haciéndolas más defendibles. Recomendó una medida radical: ceder algunas tierras indefendibles, lo que permitiría constituir unas fronteras más fuertes e ...
Mariscal de Francia. Nació en Saint-Léger-Vauban, el 1 de mayo de 1633 en el seno de una familia de la pequeña nobleza. Luchó al lado de Luis II Condé en su rebelión contra Luis XIV antes de ser capturado e inducido a cambiar de bando. En 1655 fue nombrado ingeniero del rey.
Militar e ingeniero francés, nacido en Saint-Léger-de-Fougeret (actual Saint-Léger-Vauban) el 1 de mayo de 1633 y muerto en París el 30 de marzo de 1707. A la pericia técnica y la originalidad constructiva de Sébastien de Vauban se deben las espléndidas muestras de arquitectura militar que, como vestigio del imperialismo de Luis XIV , jalonan en todos sus confines las fronteras de Francia.
Las Fortificaciones de Vauban son doce fortalezas construidas en las fronteras oeste, norte y este de Francia. Fueron diseñadas por Sébastien Le Prestre (Vauban) (1633–1707), siendo añadidas en 2008 a la lista de Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco. [1
- Early Life and Education
- Personal Life and Death
- Doctrines and Legacy
- See Also
Sébastien le Prestre de Vauban was born in May 1633, in Saint-Léger-de-Foucheret, renamed Saint-Léger-Vauban by Napoleon III in 1867, in the Yonne, now part of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. His parents, Urbain Le Prestre (c. 1602–1652) and Edmée de Cormignolle (died c. 1651), were members of the minor nobility, from Vauban in Bazoches. In 1570, his gran...
In 1643, at the age of ten, Vauban was sent to the Carmelite college in Semur-en-Auxois, where he was taught the basics of mathematics, science and geometry. His father's work was also relevant; the design of neo-classical gardens and fortifications were closely linked, since they both concerned managing space. It was common to combine these skills...
In 1660, Vauban married Jeanne d'Aunay d'Epiry (ca 1640–1705); they had two daughters, Charlotte (1661–1709) and Jeanne Françoise (1678–1713), as well as a short-lived infant son. He also had a long-term relationship with Marie-Antoinette de Puy-Montbrun, daughter of an exiled Huguenotofficer, usually referred to as 'Mademoiselle de Villefranche.' ...
Offensive doctrines; siege warfare
While his modern fame rests on the fortifications he built, Vauban's greatest innovations were in offensive operations, an approach he summarised as 'More powder, less blood.' Initially reliant on existing concepts, he later adapted these on lines set out in his memorandum of March 1672, Mémoire pour servir à l'instruction dans la conduite des sièges. In this period, sieges became the dominant form of warfare; during the 1672–1678 Franco-Dutch War, three battles were fought in the Spanish Net...
Defensive doctrines; fortifications
It was accepted even the strongest fortifications would fall, given time; the process was so well understood by the 1690s, betting on the length of a siege became a popular craze. As few states could afford large standing armies, defenders needed time to mobilise; to provide this, fortresses were designed to absorb the attackers' energies, similar to the use of crumple zones in modern cars. The French defence of Namur in 1695showed "how one could effectively win a campaign, by losing a fortre...
Infrastructure and engineering
While often overlooked, Vauban worked on many civilian infrastructure projects, including rebuilding the ports of Brest, Dunkerque and Toulon. Since his fortifications were designed for mutual support, roads and waterways were an essential part of their design, such as the Canal de la Bruche, a 20-kilometre (12 mi) canal built in 1682 to transport materials for the fortification of Strasbourg. As early as 1684, Vauban published design tables for retaining walls with heights of 3 m < H < 25 m....
Vauban's offensive tactics remained relevant for centuries; his principles were clearly identifiable in those used by the Việt Minh at Dien Bien Phu in 1954.His defensive fortifications dated far more quickly, partly due to the enormous investment required; Vauban himself estimated that in 1678, 1694 and 1705, between 40 and 45% of the French army ...Afflerbach, Holger; Strachan, Hew, eds. (2012). How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender. OUP. ISBN 978-0199693627.Allende, Lt-Colonel A (1805). Histoire du Corps impérial du génie: Volume 1. Magimel, Paris.Baldwin, James. "Engineering, military". The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Retrieved 7 January 2019.Childs, John (1991). The Nine Years' War and the British Army, 1688-1697: The Operations in the Low Countries. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0719089961.Halévy, Daniel (1924). Vauban. Builder of Fortresses. Geoffrey Bles.Hebbert, F.J. (1990). Soldier of France: Sébastien le Prestre de Vauban, 1633–1707. P. Lang. ISBN 978-0-8204-0890-3.Satterfield, George (2003). Princes, Posts and Partisans: The Army of Louis XIV and Partisan Warfare in the Netherlands (1673-1678). Brill. ISBN 978-9004131767.
Vauban is a trading name of Vauban Technologies Limited, a company limited by shares incorporated in England and Wales (11128704) with its Business Office address at 186 Shoreditch High Street, London, E1 6HU, United Kingdom. UK — Vauban Technologies Limited is an EMD Agent of The Currency Cloud Limited.
Vauban inflicts 25% extra damage with his weapons and abilities, against enemies that are incapacitated and unable to move. Eligible targets include, but are not limited to, those stunned by an attached Tesla Nervos , entangled by Minelayer 's Tether Coil, lifted by Bastille 's prison or pulled by its vortex's gravity.
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