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  1. Weimar ( pronunciación en alemán: /ˈvaɪmaɐ̯/) es una ciudad del estado federado de Turingia en Alemania, conocida por su rico legado cultural. Está situada a orillas del río Ilm y al pie de la montaña Ettersberg al norte del bosque de Turingia. La ciudad está dividida en trece distritos.

  2. La República de Weimar (en alemán, Weimarer Republik) fue el régimen político y, por extensión, el período de la historia de Alemania comprendido entre 1918 y 1933, tras la derrota del país en la Primera Guerra Mundial. El nombre de República de Weimar es un término aplicado por la historiografía posterior, puesto que el país ...

  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › WeimarWeimar - Wikipedia

    • History
    • Geography and Demographics
    • Culture, Sights and Cityscape
    • Economy and Infrastructure
    • Politics
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Prehistoric times

    Archaeological finds dating back to the Thuringii epoch (3rd to 6th centuries) show that the Weimar part of the Ilmvalley was settled early. A tight network of settlements occupied much of the area of today's city.

    Middle Ages

    The oldest records regarding Weimar date to 899. Its name changed over the centuries from Wimares through Wimari to Wimar and finally Weimar; it is derived from Old High German wīh- (holy) and -mari (standing water, swamp). The place was the seat of the County of Weimar, first mentioned in 949, which was one of the most powerful jurisdictions in early-Middle Ages Thuringia. In 1062 it was united with the County of Orlamünde to the new County of Weimar-Orlamünde, which existed until the Thurin...

    Early Modern Period

    After the Treaty of Leipzig (1485) Weimar became part of the electorate of the Ernestine branch of Wettins with Wittenberg as capital. The Protestant Reformation was introduced in Weimar in 1525; Martin Luther stayed several times in the city. As the Ernestines lost the Schmalkaldic War in 1547, their capital Wittenberg went also to the Albertines, so that they needed a new residence. As the ruler returned from captivity, Weimar became his residence in 1552 and remained as such until the end...

    Topography

    Weimar is situated within the valley of Ilm river, a tributary of Saale river on the southern border of the Thuringian Basin, a fertile agricultural area between the Harz mountains 70 km (43 mi) in the north and the Thuringian Forest 50 km (31 mi) in the southwest. The municipal terrain is hilly; the height of the city centre in Ilm valley is approximately 200 m of elevation. To the north, the terrain rises to Ettersberg, the city's backyard mountain, 482 m in height. The range of hills in th...

    Climate

    Weimar has a humid continental climate (Dfb) or an oceanic climate (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 23 °C (73 °F) and lows of 12 °C (54 °F). Winters are relatively cold with average high temperatures of 2 °C (36 °F) and lows of −3 °C (27 °F). The city's topography creates a microclimate caused through the basin position with sometimes inversionin winter (quite cold nights under −20 °C (−4 °F))....

    Administrative division

    Weimar abuts the district of Weimarer Land with the municipalities Berlstedt, Ettersburg, Kleinobringen, Großobringen and Wohlsborn in the north, Kromsdorf, Umpferstedt and Mellingen in the east, Vollersroda, Buchfart, Hetschburg, Bad Berka and Troistedt in the south and Nohra, Daasdorf am Berge, Hopfgarten and Ottstedt am Bergein the west. The city itself is divided into 10 inner urban and 11 suburban districts. The centre is formed by the district Altstadt (old town) and the Gründerzeit dis...

    World Heritage Sites

    Two World Heritage Sitesconverge in Weimar: 1. The Classical Weimar World Heritage Site consists of 11 sites related to Weimar as a European centre of the Enlightenmentduring the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. 2. The Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau World Heritage Site comprises six separate sites, two in Weimar, which are associated with the Bauhausart school, which had a revolutionary influence on 20th century architectural and aesthetic thinking and practice.

    Museums

    Weimar has a great variety of museums: 1. The Goethe-Nationalmuseum at Frauenplan shows the life of Johann Wolfgang von Goethein his former residence. 2. Goethe's garden house in the Park an der Ilmshows an exhibition about Goethe and his connection to nature. 3. The Schiller-Museum at Schillerstraße shows the life of Friedrich Schillerin his former residence. 4. The Goethe- und Schiller-Archiv at Hans-Wahl-Straße collects the estate of Goethe, Schiller and other various artists. In 2001, it...

    Cityscape

    The historic city centre of Weimar is situated between the Ilm river in the east, Grabenstraße in the north, Goetheplatz and Theaterplatz in the west and Schillerstraße in the south. Its two central squares are the Marktplatz in the south (with the town hall) and the Herderplatz in the north (with the main church). Despite its medieval origin, there are only a few medieval buildings, many being destroyed by frequent fires throughout the city's history. Most buildings in this area date back to...

    Agriculture, industry and services

    The area around Weimar is relatively fertile and 48% of the municipal surface are used for agricultural production. Most common agricultures are cereals, maize and rapeseed, while famous agricultural products from the Weimar region are potatoes (especially from Heichelheim, 7 km (4 mi) to the north) for dishes with Thuringian dumplings (Knödel from potatoes), onions (from Heldrungen and Oldisleben, 45 km (28 mi) to the north), which are sold at Weimar Onion Market in October, and Saale-Unstru...

    Education

    After the reunification, the educational system was realigned. Some academies were combined into the new Bauhaus University, founded in 1996 with approximately 4,200 students and focus on architecture, design and media. The Liszt School of Music is a university focussed on music and music education founded in 1872 with 850 students today. Furthermore, there are three regular Gymnasiums, the Musikgymnasium Schloss Belvedere, an elite boarding school with focus on music, and the Thuringia Inter...

    Mayor and city council

    The most recent mayoral election was held on 15 April 2018, and the results were as follows: The most recent city council election was held on 26 May 2019, and the results were as follows:

    Lord Mayor

    List of mayors and lord mayors (since 1793) The years behind the names indicate the years of office, whereby the year of office did not correspond to the calendar year. Since 1838, the city has had a lord mayor. 1. 1793–1797: Johann Heinrich Siegmund Rentsch 2. 1798–1811: Carl Adolph Schultze[de] 3. 1811–1813: Daniel Wilhelm Brunnquell 4. 1813: Carl Christian August Paulssen[de] 5. 1814–1820: Bernhard Friedrich Rudolph Kuhn 6. 1820–1838: Carl Leberecht Schwabe[de] 7. 1838–1850: Carl Georg Has...

    John M. Jeep, ed. (2001). "Weimar". Medieval Germany: an Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing. ISBN 0-8240-7644-3.

  4. 21/10/2021 · The Weimar Republic. An exciting chapter of German history was written 100 years ago in Weimar: With the ratification of the constitution at the German National Theatre the first democratic republic was born within German borders and was named after Weimar.

  5. 24/04/2017 · Mientras, la República de Weimar, nacida en 1918 en el Teatro Nacional de la ciudad, constituyó el principio de una nueva era democrática en un país unificado. Un gran reto que se fue al traste en 1933 con el Tercer Reich. Luego vino otra vez el remonte de esta ciudad de 65.000 habitantes. ampliar foto.

  6. «Weimar», como símbolo y como realidad Ejemplo de los peligros de un «exceso» de democracia que terminó mal, pero que legó a la posteridad un cambio radical en la cultura

    • Pablo Delgado
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