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  1. William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas (c. 1323 – 1 May 1384) was a Scottish nobleman, peer, and magnate. Contents 1 Early life 2 Death of the Knight of Liddesdale 3 War with England and Battle of Poitiers 4 Earl of Douglas and Mar 5 Marriage and issue 6 References 6.1 Notes 6.2 Sources Early life

  2. 17/08/2020 · William Douglas, 1st earl of Douglas, also called Earl Of Mar, (born c. 1327—died May 1384, Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scot.), Scottish lord of the Douglases, prominent in the dynastic and English wars of the 14th century.

  3. 12/07/2021 · About William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas & Mar BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas Born 1327 Scotland Died May 1384 Douglas, South Lanarkshire Buried 1384 Melrose Abbey [1] Father Sir Archibald Douglas Mother Beatrice Lindsay Spouse (s) Margaret, Countess of Mar

    • circa 1323
    • Scotland
    • Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotland
    • Early Life
    • Death of The Knight of Liddesdale
    • War with England and Battle of Poitiers
    • Earl of Douglas and Mar
    • Marriage and Issue
    • References

    William Douglas was the son of Sir Archibald Douglas and Beatrice Lindsay, and nephew of "Sir James the Good", Robert the Bruce's trusted deputy. From the time of his father's death at Halidon Hill, he is described as being a ward of his kinsman and godfather, William Douglas, Knight of Liddesdale and was educated in France. In 1342, under pressure from Liddesdale, his uncle Hugh the Dull resigned the Lordship of Douglas to him, though Liddesdale rapaciously administered his estates while it was in his ward-ship, and assumed direct ownership of some of the Douglas territories.Douglas returned to Scotland, upon reaching his majority in 1348, and immediately started to put his house in order. In 1346-47 following the Battle of Neville's Cross, King David II, and other nobility, including Liddesdale, were held captive by the English. Edward Baliol used the opportunity to ravage the whole of the south of Scotland. Douglas gathered his men and drove the English out from his ancestral lan...

    In 1353, Edward Baliol was ensconced at Buittle in his ancestral territories in Galloway. Douglas led a raid there to eject him due to Baliol's forfeiture of those lands that had been made over to Sir James Douglas in 1324. Following this raid, returning through the Forest, Douglas came across Liddesdale hunting on what Douglas viewed as his desmesne. This was the match that lit the fuse of years of resentment over Liddesdale's assumption of the Douglas patrimony, notwithstanding Liddesdale's murder of Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie which John of Fordun gives as a reason for the enmity between the men. Liddesdale, once in high standing with the Crown, had fallen into disfavour following his murder of Ramsay and another Knight, Sir David de Barclay. Douglas set upon Liddesdale and killed him. In February 1354, William of Douglas received a new charter from King David bestowing all the lands held by his uncle Sir James, his father Sir Archibald, and Liddesdaleitself.

    In 1355 the truce with England expired and Douglas with the Earl of Dunbar and March, whose lands had been ravaged, decided to take Norham Castle in retaliation. One of Douglas' captains, Sir William Ramsay of Dalhousie, was instructed to despoil the lands around Norham and burn the town in an effort to entice the garrison out to battle. Ramsay did so and the English under the castle's constable, Sir Thomas Grey of Heaton and Lord Dacre, gave chase. Douglas and March meanwhile were encamped seven miles away in woodland to the south of Duns, when Ramsay had reached them. The English pursuers were ambushed by the Scots force, and completely overwhelmed. Following this Battle of Nesbit Moor, Douglas and March joined with the Earl of Angus in making an assault upon Berwick, but the Scots had to retire from there before the advancing army of Edward III. King Edward laid waste to the Lothians in an event that would be known as the "Burnt Candlemas". His supply lines were overstretched, an...

    Douglas was created Earl of Douglas on the 26th January 1358. In 1364, he joined David II in seeking a treaty with England which would have written off Scotland's debt to England in return for depriving his nephew, Robert the Steward, formerly an ally of Douglas, of the succession. Edward III's son, Lionel of Antwerp, would have taken the Scottish throne, although the independence of Scotland was to be guaranteed, and a special clause provided for the restoration of the English estates of the Douglas family.The plan never succeeded and, on the accession of Robert II, Douglas was nevertheless reconciled and appointed Justiciar South of the Forth in 1372. The last years of his life were spent in making and repelling border raids. He died at Douglasin May 1384.

    William, Earl of Douglas married in 1357, Margaret, Countess of Marand had two children: 1. James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas(1358–1388) 2. Isabel Douglas, Countess of Mar(1360–1408) The Earl of Douglas also fathered an illegitimate son by his wife's sister-in-law, Margaret Stewart, widow of Thomas, Earl of Marand Countess of Angus in her own right: 1. George Douglas, inherited the estates of Angus and was later created Earl of Angus. 1. Margaret Douglas, received in 1404 the lands of Bonjedwardfrom her sister Isabel of Mar.

    Sources

    1. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911) Encyclopædia Britannica(11th ed.) Cambridge University Press 1. Brown Michael, Black Douglases: War and Lordship in Late Medieval Scotland, 1300-1455. Tuckwell Press. 1998 2. Brenan, Gerald, A History of the House of Percy II vols. London 1902 3. Fordun, John of, Chronica Gentis Scotorum, ed.Skene, W.F., Edinburgh 1871. 4. Fraser, Sir William, The Douglas Book IV vols. Edinburgh. 1885 5....

  4. 30/09/2021 · William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas (c.1323 – 1 May 1384) was a Scottish nobleman, peer, and magnate. William Douglas was the son of Sir Archibald Douglas (died 1333) and Beatrice de Lindsay ( 1 ), the daughter of Sir Alexander de Lindsay of Crawford, South Lanarkshire.

  5. DOUGLAS, William 1st Earl of Douglas. 1. William married Margaret Countess of Mar, daughter of Donald Earl of Mar, Regent of Scotland and Isabel STEWART. (Margaret Countess of Mar was born about 1320 and died about 1391 4 .) William had a relationship with Margaret STEWART 4th Countess of Angus, Mar, Lady Abernethy, daughter of Thomas STEWART ...

  6. 27/10/2021 · William Douglas, Earl of Queensbury, 9th Feudal Baron of Drumlanrig. Sir William was born circa 1582 and married Isobel Ker, daughter of Lord Newbottle. In 1628, Sir William entertained King James VI at his mansion in 1628, and was created Viscount Drumlanrig, and in 1633, Earl of Queensberry.

    • March 8, 1639
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