Frederick William IV ... Hesse-Kassel: Grand Cross of the Golden Lion, 5 September 1841 ... Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt: 5.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837. The third son of George III , William succeeded his elder brother George IV , becoming the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover .
William's opposition to liberal ideas gradually softened. In 1854, the prince was raised to the rank of a field-marshal and made governor of the federal fortress of Mainz. In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life.
William IV received about half of the territory, with Kassel as his capital. Hesse-Kassel expanded in 1604 when Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel inherited the Landgraviate of Hesse-Marburg from his childless uncle, Louis IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg (1537–1604). Thirty Years' War
William (10 March 1682 – 1 February 1760), who succeeded his brother Frederick as William VIII, the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel; ∞ 1717 Dorothea Wilhelmina of Saxe-Zeitz (1691–1743) Daughter (12 June 1683) Leopold (30 December 1684 – 10 September 1704) Son (12 November 1685) Louis (5 September 1686 – 23 May 1706)
Frederick IV holds a memorable place in the social history of the city of Venice for a visit he made during the winter of 1708–09. The king stayed in the city with an entourage of at least 70 people, formally incognito as Count of Oldenburg, not to be unknown, but to avoid the cumbersome and more costly etiquette of a royal visit.
William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel: 4. Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel: 9. Princess Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz: 2. Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel: 10. George II of Great Britain: 5. Princess Mary of Great Britain: 11. Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach: 1. Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel: 12. Charles, Prince of ...