Charles Hay, 13th Earl of Erroll: March 1705 William Keith, 9th Earl Marischal: February 1708 Giovanni Battista Gualterio, 1st Earl of Dundee: 10 May 1708 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, 3rd Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland: 8 April 1716: Created Knight of the Garter by King James II, 1688. Degraded 1715 James Maule, 4th Earl of ...
The Earl of Moray was the bastard half-brother of Mary, Queen of Scots, as well as the son-in-law of William Keith, 4th Earl Marischal, chief of Clan Keith. It was the custom at the time to yield thoroughfares to the personage of greater rank, and in refusing to yield the middle of the street to Stewart and his train, Alistair publicly insulted the Earl.
Robert I. führte nur noch selten selbst die Raubzüge, die stattdessen in der Regel vom Earl of Moray und von James Douglas geführt wurden. Weitere bekannte schottische Anführer waren Robert Baird of Strathaven, Sir Gilbert Hay of Errol, der Constable und Sir Robert Keith der Marischal.
In 1560, when it was known as Peterugie, or Inverugie of St Peter, it was granted by Mary, Queen of Scots, to Robert Keith, 1st Lord Altrie and son of William Keith, 4th Earl Marischal. Peterhead was founded in 1593  by George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal ,  the 4th Earl's nephew and successor,  and was developed as a planned settlement, then known as "Harbour and Barony of Keith Insche ...
Senior leaders like Bolingbroke and the Earl of Seaforth were allowed home, while James and George Keith became Prussian officers. This partially explains the post-1746 bitterness towards those like Murray and Lochiel , pardoned for their roles in 1715 and 1719.
Top right are those of George Keith, the fifth Earl Marischal. Bottom left are those of Bishop William Elphinstone .  The bottom right quarter is a simplified version of the three castles which represent the city of Aberdeen  (this symbol of the city also appears prominently on the arms of The Robert Gordon University ).
The Battle of Culloden (/ k ə ˈ l ɒ d ən /; Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745.On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart was decisively defeated by a British government force under Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, on Drummossie Moor near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands.