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    relacionados con: Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
  1. 25/12/2021 · Découvrez gratuitement l'arbre généalogique de Wolfgang (Gulliaume) Wilhelm Palantine Wittelsbach Count of Neuburg pour tout savoir sur ses origines et son histoire familiale.

  2. 28/12/2021 · Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg (1614–1653) Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (1614–1632) John Frederick, Count Palatine of Sulzbach-Hilpoltsein (1614–1644) Christian Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (1632–1708) Leopold Louis, Count Palatine of Veldenz (1634–1694) Frederick I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (1635–1661)

    • Under Guardian Rule
    • Scanian War
    • Post-War Actions
    • Family Matters
    • Death
    • Legacy
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    Charles was born in the Stockholm Palace Tre Kronor in November 1655. His father, Charles X of Sweden, had left Sweden in July that year to fight in the war against Poland. After several years of warfare, the king returned in the winter of 1659, gathered his family and the Riksdag of the Estates in Gothenburg. Here he beheld his four-year-old son for the first time. Only a few weeks later, in mid-January 1660, the king fell ill; one month later, he wrote his last will and died. Charles X Gustav's will and testament left the administration of the Swedish Empire during Charles XI's minority to a regency led by Queen Dowager Hedwig Eleonora as both formal regent and chair of a six-member Regency Council with two votes and a final say over the rest of the council. Per Brahe was one member of the council. In addition, Charles X Gustav left command of the army and a seat on the council to his younger brother, Adolph John I, Count Palatine of Kleeburg.These provisions among others led to t...

    The situation in Europe was shaky during this time and Sweden was going through financial problems. Charles XI's guardians decided to negotiate an alliance with France in 1671. This would ensure that Sweden would not be isolated if there was a war, and that the national finances would improve thanks to French subsidies. France directed its aggression against the Dutch in 1672, and by the spring of 1674, Sweden was forced to take part by directing forces towards Brandenburg, under the lead of Karl Gustav Wrangel. Denmark was an ally of the Habsburg Holy Roman Empire, and it was evident that Sweden was on the verge of yet another war with that country. A remedy was attempted by chancellor Nils Brahe, who traveled to Copenhagen in the spring of 1675 to try to get the Danish princess Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark engaged to the Swedish king. In mid-June 1675, the engagement was officially proclaimed. However, when news arrived of the Swedish defeat at the Battle of Fehrbellin, Danish king...

    Charles devoted the rest of his life to avoiding further warfare by gaining larger independence in foreign affairs, while he also promoted economic stabilization and a reorganization of the military. His remaining 20 years on the throne were the longest peacetime of the Swedish Empire(1611–1718). In the early years, he was assisted by the man who had become his trusted prime-minister, Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna (1635–1680). Some sources say the king was basically dependent on Gyllenstierna.His sudden death in 1680 opened up the road to the monarch, and many men tried to get close to the king to take Gyllenstierna's place.

    On 6 May 1680, Charles married Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark (1656–1693), daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark (1609–1670). He had previously been engaged to his cousin, Juliana of Hesse-Eschwege, but the engagement was broken after a scandal. Charles and Ulrika were engaged in 1675 in an attempt to smooth over longstanding hostilities, but the Scanian War soon broke out. During the war, Ulrika Eleonora gained a reputation for loyalty to her future home country by exhibiting kindness to Swedish prisoners: she pawned her jewelry, even her engagement ring, to care for the Swedish prisoners of war. Her personal merits and continued charitable acts throughout her tenure endeared her to the Swedish people and eased some of the difficulties brought on by her Danish background. In the peace negotiations between Sweden and Denmark in 1679, the marriage between her and Charles XI was on the agenda, and ratified on 26 September 1679. They married at Skottorpon 6 May, 1680 in a hasty ceremon...

    Charles XI had complained of stomach pains since 1694. In the summer of 1696, he asked his doctors for an opinion on the pain as it had continuously become worse, but they had no viable cure or treatment for it. He continued to perform his duties as usual, but, in February 1697, the pains became too severe for him to cope and he returned to Stockholm where the doctors discovered he had a large, hard lump in his stomach. At this point there was little the doctors could do except alleviate the King's pain as best they could. Charles XI died on 5 April 1697, in his forty-first year. An autopsy showed that the King had developed cancer and that it had spread through his entire abdominal cavity.

    Charles XI has sometimes been described in Sweden as the greatest of all the Swedish kings, except for Gustavus II Adolphus, unduly eclipsed by his father and his son. In the first half of the 20th century, the view of him changed and he was regarded as dependent, uncertain, and easily influenced by others.In the most recent book, Rystads biography from 2003, the king is again characterized as a strong-willed shaper of Sweden through economic reforms and achievement of financial and military stability and strength. Charles XI was commemorated on the previous 500-kronor bill. His portrait is taken from one of Ehrenstrahl's paintings, possibly the one displayed on this page. The king is pictured on the bill since the Bank of Swedenwas founded in 1668, during Charles' reign. The fortified town of Carlsburg near Bremen, at the site of modern Bremerhaven, was named after Charles XI. The Swedish town of Karlskrona, built during his reign to host the primary navy base in southern Sweden, w...

    Åberg, Alf: Karl XI, Wahlström & Widstrand 1958 (reprinted by ScandBook, Falun 1994, ISBN 91-46-16623-8)
    Bain, Robert Nisbet (1911). "Charles X., king of Sweden" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 927–929.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
    Granlund, Lis (2004). "Queen Hedwig Eleonora of Sweden: Dowager, Builder, and Collector". In Campbell Orr, Clarissa (ed.). Queenship in Europe 1660–1815: The Role of the Consort. Cambridge Universi...
    Lindqvist, Herman: Historien om Sverige

    Åberg, A., "The Swedish army from Lützen to Narva", in Michael Roberts (ed.), Sweden's Age of Greatness, 1632–1718 (1973).

    Media related to Charles XI of Swedenat Wikimedia Commons
    "Charles XI." . New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
    Charles XI of Sweden at Digitaltmuseum
  3. 28/12/2021 · Gustavus, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (1718–1731) Frederick Bernard, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen (1704–1739) Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (1708–1732) Charles Philip, Elector (1716–1742) Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1717–1731) Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (1731–1735) John Christian, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (1732–1733)

  4. 02/01/2022 · Wolfgang von Pfalz-Zweibrücken, Pfalzgraf von Pfalz-Zweibrücken 1526-1569 Anna von Hessen , Pfalzgräfin von Zweibrücken 1529-1591 Wilhelm von Braunschweig-Lüneburg , Herzog zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg 1535-1592

  5. 01/01/2022 · Count palatine; Wolfgang of Zweibrücken; William IV of Hesse-Kassel; Barbara; Reichenweier; George I, Duke of Württemberg; Kassel; Daniel of Waldeck; Louis IV of Hesse-Marburg; Elisabeth; Louis VI, Elector Palatine; Philip II of Hesse-Rheinfels; Christine; Gottorp; Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp; George I of Hesse-Darmstadt; morganatically; Margarethe von der Saale; Dietz

  6. 06/01/2022 · Alexander von Pfalz-Zweibrücken, Fürst von Pfalz-Zweibrücken, born on 26 November 1462, died on 21 October 1514, 51 years old Married in 1499 to Margarete von Hohenlohe in Neuenstein , born in 1480, died in 1522, 42 years old

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    • Elisabeth Von Hessen, Elisabeth
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