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  1. Scrooge (1951 film) Scrooge. (1951 film) Scrooge (released as A Christmas Carol in the United States) is a 1951 British Christmas fantasy drama film and an adaptation of Charles Dickens 's A Christmas Carol (1843). It stars Alastair Sim as Ebenezer Scrooge, and was produced and directed by Brian Desmond Hurst, with a screenplay by Noel Langley .

  2. A Christmas Carol è un film per la televisione del 1951 diretto da Gordon Duff per la serie Fireside Theatre . Fin dal 1943 il romanzo Canto di Natale ( A Christmas Carol) di Charles Dickens si era imposto come un classico natalizio alla televisione americana, da ripetersi ogni anno con un copione, un formato e un gruppo di attori diversi.

    • film TV
    • 1951
    • Background
    • Characters
    • Themes
    • Publication
    • Reception
    • Aftermath
    • Performances and Adaptations
    • Legacy
    • External Links

    The writer Charles Dickens was born to a middle-class family which got into financial difficulties as a result of the spendthrift nature of his father John. In 1824 John was committed to the Marshalsea, a debtors' prison in Southwark, London. Dickens, aged 12, was forced to pawn his collection of books, leave school and work at a dirty and rat-infe...

    The central character of A Christmas Carol is Ebenezer Scrooge, a miserly London-based businessman, described in the story as "a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!" Kelly writes that Scrooge may have been influenced by Dickens's conflicting feelings for his father, whom he both loved and demonised. This psycho...

    The transformation of Scrooge is central to the story. Davis considers Scrooge to be "a protean figure always in process of reformation"; Kelly writes that the transformation is reflected in the description of Scrooge, who begins as a two-dimensional character, but who then grows into one who "possess[es] an emotional depth [and] a regret for lost ...

    As the result of the disagreements with Chapman and Hall over the commercial failures of Martin Chuzzlewit, Dickens arranged to pay for the publishing himself, in exchange for a percentage of the profits. Production of A Christmas Carol was not without problems. The first printing contained drab olive endpapers that Dickens felt were unacceptable, ...

    According to Douglas-Fairhurst, contemporary reviews of A Christmas Carol "were almost uniformly kind". The Illustrated London News described how the story's "impressive eloquence ... its unfeigned lightness of heart—its playful and sparkling humour ... its gentle spirit of humanity" all put the reader "in good humour with ourselves, with each othe...

    In January 1844 Parley's Illuminated Library published an unauthorised version of the story in a condensed form which they sold for twopence.[n 13]Dickens wrote to his solicitor Two days after the release of the Parley version, Dickens sued on the basis of copyright infringement and won. The publishers declared themselves bankrupt and Dickens was l...

    By 1849 Dickens was engaged with David Copperfield and had neither the time nor the inclination to produce another Christmas book. He decided the best way to reach his audience with his "Carol philosophy" was by public readings. During Christmas 1853 Dickens gave a reading in Birmingham Town Hall to the Industrial and Literary Institute; the perfor...

    The phrase "Merry Christmas" had been around for many years – the earliest known written use was in a letter in 1534 – but Dickens's use of the phrase in A Christmas Carol popularised it among the Victorian public. The exclamation "Bah! Humbug!" entered popular use in the English language as a retort to anything sentimental or overly festive; the n...

    • Charles Dickens, Michael Slater
    • A Christmas Carol. In Prose. Being a Ghost Story of Christmas.
    • 1843
    • 19 December 1843; 178 years ago
    • Public Readings
    • Theatre
    • Film
    • Television
    • Audio Productions
    • Opera
    • Ballet
    • Graphic Novels
    • Comic Strips
    • Parody

    The novel was the subject of Dickens' first public reading, given in Birmingham Town Hall to the Industrial and Literary Institute on 27 December 1853. This was repeated three days later to an audience of 'working people', and was a great success by his own account and that of newspapers of the time. Over the years, Dickens edited and adapted the p...

    An early theatrical production was A Christmas Carol: Or, the Miser's Warning!, a two-act adaptation of A Christmas Carol by C. Z. Barnett, first produced at the Surrey Theatreon 5 February 1844, just weeks after the publication of the novella.

    Live action films

    1. Scrooge, or, Marley's Ghost(1901), a short British film that is the earliest surviving screen adaptation. 2. A Christmas Carol (1908), with Thomas Rickettsas Scrooge. Lost film. 3. A Christmas Carol (1910), a 13-minute silent version of the story starring Marc McDermott as Scrooge and Charles Ogle as Cratchit, with William Bechtel, Viola Dana, Carey Lee, and Shirley Mason. 4. Scrooge (1913), starring Sir Seymour Hicks and retitled Old Scroogefor its U.S. release in 1926. 5. A Christmas Car...

    Animated films

    1. Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol (1962), an American animated Scrooge adaptation from the popular cartoon series Mr. Magoo, where Mr. Magoo is the main character in a Broadway show of A Christmas Carol. 2. A Christmas Carol (1982) an Australian made-for-television animated Christmas fantasy film from Burbank Films as part of the studio's series of Charles Dickens adaptations from 1982 to 1985. It was originally broadcast in 1982 through the Australian Nine Network. 3. Mickey's Christmas Caro...

    Between 1944 and 1956, most television versions of the story were staged live. 1. An early live television adaptation was broadcast by DuMont's New York station WABDon 20 December 1944. 2. Christmas Night, with a ballet and with music by Ralph Vaughan Williams was broadcast on BBC televisionon 25 December 1946. 3. A 25 December 1947 live television...

    Radio

    1. On 19 December 1923 BBC Radiobroadcast an adaptation of the story by R. E. Jeffrey. 2. Lionel Barrymore starred as Scrooge in a dramatisation on the CBS Radio Network on 25 December 1934, beginning a tradition he would repeat on various network programs every Christmas through 1953. Only twice did he not play the role: in 1936, when his brother John Barrymore filled in because of the death of Lionel's wife, and again in 1938, when Orson Wellestook over the role because Barrymore had fallen...

    Recordings

    1. In 1941, Ronald Colman portrayed Scrooge in a famous American Decca four-record 78-RPM album of A Christmas Carol with a full supporting cast of radio actors and a score by Victor Young. This version was eventually transferred to LP and in 2005 appeared on a Deutsche Grammophon compact disc, along with its companion piece on LP, Mr. Pickwick's Christmas, narrated by Charles Laughton. (The Pickwick recording had originally been made in 1944.) The Ronald Colman A Christmas Carolis slightly a...

    Mister Scrooge (1958–1959); alternative name: Shadows (Tiene), an opera by Slovak composer Ján Cikker.
    A Christmas Carol (1978–1979), an opera by Thea Musgrave.
    The Passion of Scrooge (or A Christmas Carol) (1998), a chamber opera by Jon Deakfor one baritone and chamber orchestra.
    A Christmas Carol (2014), by Iain Bell, libretto by Simon Callow, which premiered at Houston Grand Opera on 5 December 2014, with Heldentenor Jay Hunter Morrisand former Houston Grand Opera Studio...
    A Christmas Carol(1992), a live production performed by Northern Ballet. This adaptation was recorded in 1992 and released on DVD in 2005
    A Christmas Carol(1994–present), a production performed annually by The Ulster Ballet Company of Saugerties, New York
    John Clifford premiered his new production A CHRISTMAS CAROL:The Ballet, for The Portland Ballet on November 27, 2021
    A Christmas Carol (1948) Classics Illustrated #53 US release (Gilberton); #15 UK release, adaptation, script by George Lipscomb and drawn by Henry C. Kiefer
    A Christmas Carol (1978) Marvel Classics Comics #36 adaptation, drawn by Diverse Hands, script by Doug Moench
    A Christmas Carol (1990) Classics Illustrated #16 (First Comics) adapted by Joe Staton
    Sonic's Christmas Carol (1993) A backup story featured in Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog #6. It casts Dr. Robotnik as Scrooge, Rotor Walrus as Bob Cratchit, Snively as Jacob Marley and Sonicas a...
    A story arc in the comic strip FoxTrothas Jason dreaming that he is Ebeneezer Scrooge, with his friends and family members playing the other roles.
    Of Christmas Past is a short comic strip by Johnny Lowe and Seaward Tuthill in the literary trade paperback Iconicreleased in 2009 by members of the Comicbook Artists Guild. It deals with Scrooge's...
    Kenny Everett's Christmas Carol (1985), a Christmas special episode of his BBC serieswith many famous cameos.
    Blackadder's Christmas Carol (1988), in which the central character, Ebenezer Blackadder (Rowan Atkinson), is initially kind and generous, but after being visited by the Spirit of Christmas (Robbie...
    Beavis and Butt-head, (1995) "Huh-Huh-Humbug", an episode with Beavis as Scrooge.
    The Haunted Tea-Cosy: A Dispirited and Distasteful Diversion for Christmas (1998) by Edward Gorey(1998), in his typical surreal style.
    • Verfilmungen
    • Hörspiel-Fassungen
    • Hörbücher
    • Bühnenfassungen
    • Sonstiges
    • Literatur
    • Weblinks
    • Einzelnachweise

    Kino

    Das Buch wurde zahlreiche Male in Filmen und Serien verfilmt. Besonders bekannt sind: 1. 1901: Scrooge, or Marley’s Ghost, die erste bekannte Verfilmung als britischer Kurzfilm. 2. 1908: A Christmas Carol, US-amerikanischer Kurzfilm mit Tom Ricketts 3. 1935: Scrooge, erster Tonfilm, mit Seymour Hicks (Scrooge), Donald Calthrop, Robert Cochran, Regie: Henry Edwards 4. 1938: A Christmas Carol, erste US-Verfilmung von MGM mit Reginald Owenals Scrooge 5. 1951: Eine Weihnachtsgeschichte (Scrooge),...

    Fernsehproduktionen

    1. 1949: The Christmas Carol, US-Fernsehfilm-Special von William Keighley in schwarz-weiß 2. 1955: Ein Weihnachtslied in Prosa, deutsches Fernsehspiel mit Harald Mannl als Ebenezer, Regie: Wilm ten Haaf 3. 1960: Ein Weihnachtslied in Prosa oder Eine Geistergeschichte zum Christfest, deutsches Fernsehspiel mit Carl Wery als Ebenezer Scrooge, Regie: Franz Josef Wild 4. 1997: Ms. Scrooge – Ein wundervoller Engel, US-amerikanisch-kanadischer Fernsehfilm mit Cicely Tyson in der Hauptrolle Ebenita...

    Weitere Variationen

    1. 1971: A Christmas Carol, Trickfilm, der 1973 in der Kategorie Bester animierter Kurzfilm einen Oscar erhielt, Regie: Richard Williams 2. 1983: Mickys Weihnachtserzählung (Mickey’s Christmas Carol), Zeichentrick-Kurzfilm, der die bekannte Geschichte mit Disney-Figuren darstellt, so verkörpert Dagobert Duck Scrooge, Micky Maus Bob Cratchit, und die Geister werden von Goofy, Jiminy Cricket und Kater Karlogespielt. 3. 1992: Die Muppets-Weihnachtsgeschichte (The Muppet Christmas Carol), mit Mic...

    Es gibt in deutscher Sprache diverse Lesungen und Hörspielfassungen der Christmas Carol. Lesungen gibt es u. a. von Otto Mellies, Dieter Bellmann und Wolfgang Thierse. Hervorhebenswerte Hörspielfassungen sind: 1. Der Weihnachtsabend(Igel Records), Produktion: Bayerischer Rundfunk 1965. 2. Fröhliche Weihnachten, Mr. Scrooge!(Titania Medien), 2004. 3...

    2008: Eine Weihnachtsgeschichte (Audible exklusiv, gelesen von Helmut Krauss)
    2010: Ein Weihnachtslied in Prosa (gelesen von Friedrich Schoenfelder), Steinbach sprechende Bücher, ISBN 978-3-86974-043-0
    2016: Eine Weihnachtsgeschichte (gelesen von Felix von Manteuffel), Oetinger Media GmbH, ISBN 978-3837305319
    2020: Eine Weihnachtsgeschichte (gelesen von David Nathan), Audiobuch Verlag, ISBN 978-3958625549
    A Christmas Carol, Theateraufführung, uraufgeführt am 1. Dezember 2001 im Schauspielhaus am Staatsschauspiel Dresden, von Gerold Theobalt, Regie: Holk Freytag, seit 2002 im Palais Großer Garten in...
    Vom Geist der Weihnacht. Musical. Musik und Libretto: Dirk Michael Stefan, uraufgeführt 2001 im TheatrO CentrO Oberhausen, seither saisonal auf Welttournee
    Der Weihnachtsabend. Sprechtheater. Sprecher und Gesangseinlagen (mit britischen Weihnachtsliedern): Graham F. Valentine, 2001, wieder 2003, im Schauspielhaus Zürich, Spielort "Pfauen" und in der B...
    Eine Weihnachtsgeschichte. Musiktheater. Musik: Robert Persché Libretto: Andreas Braunendal. Uraufführung: Dezember 2009 im TTZ-Graz
    In Anlehnung an Ebenezer Scrooge nannte der US-amerikanische Comiczeichner Carl Barks eine seiner bekanntesten Figuren „Scrooge McDuck“. Auf deutsch erhielt diese Figur den Namen Dagobert Duck. Bei...
    Die Songwriterin Aimee Mann bezieht sich auf Jacob Marleys Kette als Metapher in ihrem gleichnamigen Song Jacob Marley’s Chain (Album Whatever, 1993).
    Als Puppenspiel wurde die Geschichte von Koljas Puppentheater (Spielleitung: Kolja Wlazik) und von den Piccolo Puppenspielen(Spielleitung: Gerd J. Pohl) inszeniert.
    Unter dem Titel Die Mundart Weihnachtsgeschichte brachte das Mund Art Theater 1997 in Neu-Isenburgbei Frankfurt am Main Thorsten Wszoleks Musicalfassung auf die Bühne. Diese Produktion lief, wie da...
    Fred Guida: A Christmas Carol and Its Adaptations. A Critical Examination of Dickens’ Story and Its Productions on Screen and Television. McFarland & Co., Jefferson und London 2000, ISBN 0-7864-073...
    John Irving: A Christmas Carol – Ein Weihnachtslied. In: Charles Dickens: Weihnachtslied. Eine Gespenstergeschichte. (Originaltitel: A Christmas Carol. Deutsch von Richard Zoozmann). Diogenes, Züri...
    Charles Dickens: Ein Weihnachtslied. In Prosa. Ausführlich eingeleitet und neu übersetzt von Heiko Postma. Revonnahm, Hannover 2006, ISBN 978-3-934818-67-5.
    Norbert Silberbauer: Was steuert die Ameisen? Eine Weihnachtsgeschichte. Wieser, Klagenfurt / Wien / Ljubljana / Sarajevo 2006, ISBN 3-85129-623-0.
    Charles Dickens: A Christmas Carol im Project Gutenberg
    Charles Dickens: Weihnachtslied. Eine Gespenstergeschichte als Online-Text im Projekt Gutenberg-DE
    ↑ http://www.vgdw.de/
    ↑ TTZ – Tanz & Theater Zentrum Graz: 2009 (Memento vom 8. März 2014 im Internet Archive). Website des Theaterzentrums. Abgerufen am 4. November 2012.
    ↑ Kindertheater und Abendprogramm | Theater Sturmvogel Reutlingen.Abgerufen am 1. Mai 2017.
    ↑ A Christmas Carol – Depot Dortmund (Memento vom 9. Februar 2013 im Internet Archive). Website des Theaters. Abgerufen am 4. November 2012.
  3. Eine Weihnachtsgeschichte ist eine britische Literaturverfilmung von Brian Desmond Hurst aus dem Jahre 1951. Der Film gilt als eine der bekanntesten Verfilmungen von Charles Dickens ’ Erzählung A Christmas Carol und wird nicht selten als beste Verfilmung von A Christmas Carol bezeichnet. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Handlung 2 Hintergrund 3 Synchronisation