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  1. Charles II was born at St James's Palace on 29 May 1630. His parents were Charles I, who ruled the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Henrietta Maria, the sister of the French king Louis XIII.

  2. Charles II, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1660–85), who was restored to the throne after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth. The years of his reign are known in English history as the Restoration period. He was noted for his political adaptability and for his knowledge of men.

  3. Seaward, Paul, «Charles II (1630–1685)», en la página web del Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (requiere suscripción) (en inglés) . Miller, John (1991). Charles II. Londres: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-81214-9. Enlaces externos. Wikimedia Commons alberga una galería multimedia sobre Carlos II de Inglaterra.

  4. hace 2 días · Read a biography about King Charles II whose restoration to the throne in 1660 marked the end of republican rule in England.

  5. Charles II (r. 1660-1685) The eldest surviving son of Charles I, Charles had been eight years old when Civil War broke out. He was with his father at the Battle of Edgehill and in Oxford, until ordered by him to seek the safety of France. The Scots were horrified when Charles I was executed in 1649, and while England became a republic, they ...

    • Who Was Charles II of England?
    • Early Life
    • The Restoration
    • Later Years

    After the execution of his father, Charles II lived in exile until he was crowned King of England, Ireland and Scotland in 1661. His reign marking the Restoration period, Charles was known for his cavorting lifestyle and feuds with Parliament. He converted to Catholicism just before his death in London on February 6, 1685.

    When Charles II was born in St. James’s Palace in London, England, on May 29, 1630, signs of political turmoil were on the horizon in England. Two years prior, his father, King Charles I, had reluctantly agreed to the passage of the Petition of Right, which placed limits on the king’s authority. In 1642, civil war broke out between Parliament and Charles I over his claim of divine right to rule. By the end of the decade, Parliament, led by the Puritan Oliver Cromwell, was victorious. Charles II fled to France, and Charles I was executed in 1649. During the 11-year period of Interregnum, Charles was forbidden from being crowned king. Supporters in Scotland offered him the throne if he supported home rule. Inexperienced and untested in battle, Charles led a force into England but was quickly defeated at the Battle of Worcester, in 1651. Charles fled to the continent and spent nearly a decade in exile, forced to move from one country to another due to Cromwell’s reach.

    The English republican government collapsed following Cromwell’s death in 1658, and Charles was reinstated to the throne in 1661. In his restoration agreement with Parliament, he was given a standing army and allowed to purge officials responsible for his father’s execution. In exchange, Charles II agreed to honor the Petition of Right and accept a limited income. By this point, Charles was cynical and self-indulgent, less skilled in governing than in surviving adversity. Like his father, he believed he possessed the divine right to rule, but unlike Charles I, he didn’t make it his priority. The Royal Court was notorious for its wine, women and song, and Charles became known as the “Merry Monarch” for his indulgence in hedonistic pleasures.

    In 1670, Charles signed a treaty with French King Louis XIVin which he agreed to convert to Catholicism and support France’s war against the Dutch in return for subsidies. The French assistance allowed him a little more breathing room in his dealings with Parliament. Charles’s wife, Queen Catherine, failed to produce a male heir, and by 1677 many feared his Catholic brother, James, Duke of York, would assume the throne. To appease the public, Charles arranged for his niece, Mary, to wed the Protestant William of Orange. A year later, the “Popish Plot” to assassinate the king emerged. Further investigation revealed no conspiracy existed, but anti-Catholic hysteria in Parliament led to false accusations against Charles’s chief advisor, Lord Danby. Tired of the conflict, Charles dissolved Parliament in 1679 and ruled alone for his remaining years. On his death bed, Charles finally went through with his promise to convert to Catholicism, angering many of his subjects. He passed away in...

  6. Charles II had his men dig up his body (as well as other commanders involved with the execution), hang it in chains at Tyburn, London, and then throw it into a pit for good measure. As if Charles II’s message didn’t across with that, he also had Cromwell’s severed head on a pole outside of Westminster Hall until 1685.

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