"Albany" was a broad territorial term representing the parts of Scotland north of the River Forth, roughly the former Kingdom of the Picts. The title (along with the Dukedom of Rothesay) was the first Dukedom created in Scotland. It passed to Robert's son Murdoch Stewart, and was forfeited in 1425 due to the attainder of Murdoch.
- What Is A Duke?
- The Dukedom of Albany
- The First Creation of The Duke of Albany
- The Second Creation of The Duke of Albany
- The Second Robert Stewart
- The Third Creation of The Duke of Albany
- The Forth Creation of The Duke of Albany
- The Fifth Creation of The Duke of Albany
- The Sixth Creation of The Duke of Albany
Before we get into the particulars of the Duke of Albany, it seems important to answer the question, what exactly is a Duke? Well, Duke is the male title given to a member of royalty, nobility, or a monarch ruling over a duchy which can also be called a dukedom. The title comes from the French duc, derived from the Latin dux meaning leader and the ...
The Dukedom of Albany didn't refer to one particular area and was instead a broad term that represented the areas in Scotland north of the River Forth, which was very similar to the former Kingdom of the Picts. Maps depicting the former Kingdom of the Picts do seem to vary but may have been created based upon different time periods. Alba itself is ...
Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany
The Dukedom was first granted in 1398 by King Robert III of Scotland to his brother also called, Robert whose full title became Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany. Robert actually received his first title in 1361 when he married Margaret Graham, Countess of Menteith, becoming Earl of Menteith. On becoming Earl, Robert was granted lands next to Ardoch Burn at the point it flows into the River Teith, just 8 miles downstream from the town of Callander. It is said that a castle had been built on the...
Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany
Murdoch Stewart, son of Robert was appointed Justiciar North of the Forth, the most senior legal officer in Medieval Scotland at the age of 27, and fought alongside his father against other prominent Scots such as Donald McDonald, 2nd Lord of the Isles for their own family Interest. Murdoch used this fighting spirit during his military actions against the English but was unfortunately captured at the Battle of Homildon Hill in 1402 being held prisoner for the next twelve years. In the Shakesp...
Alexander Stewart was the second surviving son of King James II of Scotland. As well as gaining the title of Duke of Albany, Alexander was also the Earl of March and Lord of both Annandale & the Isle of Man. The Duke fell out with his brother King James III and between fleeing to France and multiple attempts to invade Scotland the Duke forfeited his titles in 1479, had them restored in 1482, and forfeited them again just a year later! He died in a duel with the Duke of Orléans, by a splinter...
Alexander's only legitimate son, John Stewart was restored to his father's dukedom and earldom in 1515. With a French mother, the Duke also served as the count of Auvergne and Lauraguais but on his death the Dukedom once again became extinct.
In 1541 King James V and Mary of Guise gave birth to a son, Robert Stewart who was set to become Duke of Albany, but sadly aged 8 days Robert passed away at Falkland Palace.
Henry Stuart was the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. Shortly before his marriage to Mary, he was created Duke of Albany but many refer to him as Lord Darnley as a courtesy title, descending from the Dukedom of Richmond.
James VI and I
The best known of our dukes, James was the only son of Mary, Queen of Scots and as heir apparent, he automatically became Duke of Rothesay, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland. When he was only eight months old, James's father was murdered at Kirk o' Field meaning James inherited the titles Duke of Albany and Earl of Ross. Just a few months later his mother Mary was arrested and imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle, meaning she never saw her son again. She was forced to abdicate the throne to Jam...
James's second son, Charles became heir apparent of England, Scotland, and Ireland on the death of his elder brother Henry. He was born in Dunfermline Palace, just next to Dunfermline Abbey, again in my hometown! When he was only a few weeks old he was given the title, Duke of Albany, Marquess of Ormonde, Earl of Ross, and Lord Ardmannoch. Throughout his life, he gained the further titles of Duke of York, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, Prince of Wales, and Earl of Chester before becoming King...
As you may have noticed by now with all of these re-creations of the Title, the family tree linked to the Stewarts is rather complex, and when Charles I was executed in 1649 during the English Civil War James's older brother Charles was recognised as King by Scotland and Ireland and Jersey but not in England which at the time was being led by Oliver Cromwell. Charles spent nine years in exile over in France but on the death of Cromwell Charles was invited to return to Britain, and following t...
New York & Albany
In 1664, James was granted a proprietary colony of New Netherland in the US following its capture from the Dutch. This colony would today include New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Vermont, Delaware, and southeast Pennsylvania as well as present-day Maine and parts of Massachusetts. The capital of New Netherland was New Amsterdam and once captured, New Amsterdam’s name was changed to New York because of James's title, Duke of York. This is also when our new American home city of Albanywas ren...
Prince Leopold was the youngest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, and in 1881 he was created Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, and Baron Arklow. Prince Leopold had haemophilia, a genetic disorder meaning the body can't form blood clots required to stop bleeding and following a fall died at the age of 30. The Scottish poet William McGonagall wrote the poem "The Death of Prince Leopold" in his honour and in her own journal Queen Victoria wrote:
Prince Charles Edward
Four months after the death of Leopold, his son Prince Charles Edward, succeeded him as 2nd Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, and Baron Arklow. He was a rather controversial Prince due to his status as the sovereign Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which was part of the German Empire, during World War I. Following the German revolution, he had to abdicate these titles and lost his rights to the ducal throne. The following year he also lost all of his British peerages, his title of Prince and Ro...
Duke of Albany Duke of Albany is a peerage title that was first granted in 1398 by King Robert III of Scotland to his brother, Robert Stewart, in the Peerage of Scotland. "Albany" was a territorial term referring to the area of Scotland north of the River Forth and equivalent to the previous Kingdom of the Picts.
The large steel screw steamship Duke of Albany was built by John Brown and Company Limited at Clydebank (Yard No 376)and launched in June 1907. She had a gross tonnage of 1997 tons and her dimensions were 330.5’x41.1’x17.1’. The Duke of Albany was built for the east coast service for her peacetime owners the Lancashire and Yorkshire Steamship ...
- Juventud Y Linaje
- Política Y Guerras
- Matrimonios Y Descendencia
- fallecimiento Y Legado
Roberto Estuardo era el segundo hijo del futuro rey Roberto II de Escocia (1316–1390) y de Elizabeth Mure de Rowallan. Este matrimonio se consideró nulo en sus comienzos, lo que hizo que en ciertos círculos los descendientes se vieran como ilegítimos. No obstante, en 1349 se emitió una dispensa papal que legitimó el matrimonio y los hijos. El abuel...
La política escocesa de finales del siglo XIV era inestable y brutal, y buena parte de la carrera de Albany estuvo dedicada a adquirir tierras, propiedades y títulos, a menudo por medios violentos. En 1389, su hijo Murdoch fue nombrado Justiciar North of the Forth, la máxima autoridad legal del reino, y a partir de entonces ambos se dedicaron a...
Albany se casó dos veces. En primer lugar en 1361, con Margaret Graham (1334–1380), condesa de Menteith, una acaudalada divorciada que ya había tenido tres maridos. La pareja tuvo ocho hijos, siete hijas y un varón: 1. Janet Estuardo (se casó con David de Moubray) 2. María Estuardo (se casó con William Abernathy) 3. Margarita Estuardo (se casó con ...
El duque de Albany murió en 1420 en el castillo de Stirling y está enterrado en la abadía de Dunfermline, en Fife. Le sucedió como duque de Albany y regente de Escocia su hijo Murdoch Estuardo. Pero Murdoch no disfrutó mucho tiempo de su poder. En 1425 el rey Jacobo regresó a Escocia después de 18 años de cautiverio en Inglaterra, y mandó ejecutar ...Debrett, John, p.233, The peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Londres (1805) Consultado en abril de 2016Mackie, J. D., A History of Scotland, Penguin Books, Londres (1964).McAndrew, Bruce A., Scotland's Historic HeraldryConsultado en noviembre de 2010Roberts, John L., p.16, Feuds, Forays and Febellions: History of the Highland Clans 1475-1625Consultado en noviembre de 2010
- c. 1340
- Murdoch Estuardo
- Gobernador de Escocia
- Roberto II de Escocia
John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany (8 July 1482 – 2 July 1536) was the regent of the Kingdom of Scotland and the count of Auvergne and Lauraguais in France. Contents 1 Early life 2 Heir presumptive 3 Regency of Scotland 4 Military service in France and the Four Years' War 5 Later years 6 European craftsmen in Scotland 7 Children 8 Ancestors 9 Notes