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  1. Scharnhorst was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship or battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine. She was the lead ship of her class, which included her sister ship Gneisenau. The ship was built at the Kriegsmarinewerft dockyard in Wilhelmshaven; she was laid down on 15 June 1935 and launched a year and four ...

  2. Gerhard Johann David von Scharnhorst (12 November 1755 – 28 June 1813) was a Hanoverian-born general in Prussian service from 1801. As the first Chief of the Prussian General Staff, he was noted for his military theories, his reforms of the Prussian army, and his leadership during the Napoleonic Wars.

  3. 03/02/2020 · Gerhard Johann von Scharnhorst Warship 1938 hat is known as the miracle ship of the German navy from 1936, the Scharnhorst was the second capital ship to take part in World War II. Many naval enginers consider this ship ahead of its time, however, even if this is true that is not necessarily what makes this battleship special.

    • Overview
    • Construction and characteristics
    • Commanding officers

    {{Infobox ship | Ship image = | Ship caption = Scharnhorst |module= Career (Nazi Germany) Name: ScharnhorstNamesake: Gerhard Johann von Scharnhorst (1755–1813)Builder: Kriegsmarinewerft WilhelmshavenLaid down: 15 June 1935Launched: 3 October 1936Commissioned: 7 January 1939Motto: Scharnhorst immer voranFate: Sunk at 72°16′N 28°41′E / 72.267°N 28....

    Scharnhorst in her 1943 configuration Scharnhorst was ordered as Ersatz Elsass as a replacement for the old pre-dreadnought Elsass, under the contract name "D." The Kriegsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven was awarded the contract, where the keel was laid on 16 July 1935. The ship was launched on 3 October 1936, witnessed by Adolf Hitler, Minister of War...

    At her commissioning, Scharnhorst was commanded by Kapitän zur See (KzS) Otto Ciliax, though his tenure as the ship's commander was brief. In September 1939, an illness forced him to go on sick leave, and he was replaced by KzS Kurt-Caesar Hoffmann. Hoffmann served as the ship's captain for the majority of her active career, up until 1942. On 1 Apr...

    • Construction and Characteristics
    • Commanding Officers
    • Service History
    • Wreck Discovery
    • References
    • Further Reading

    File:Scharnhorst1943.png Scharnhorst was ordered as Ersatz Elsass as a replacement for the old pre-dreadnought Elsass, under the contract name "D." The Kriegsmarinewerft in Wilhelmshaven was awarded the contract, where the keel was laid on 16 July 1935. The ship was launched on 3 October 1936, witnessed by Adolf Hitler, Minister of War Generalfeldm...

    At her commissioning, Scharnhorst was commanded by Kapitän zur See (KzS) Otto Ciliax. His tenure as the ship's commander was brief; in September 1939, an illness forced him to go on sick leave, and he was replaced by KzS Kurt-Caesar Hoffmann. Hoffmann served as the ship's captain until 1942. On 1 April 1942, Hoffmann, who had been promoted to Konte...

    Scharnhorst's first operation began on 21 November 1939; the ship, in company with her sister Gneisenau, the light cruiser Köln, and nine destroyers, was to patrol the area between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. The intent of the operation was to draw out British units and ease the pressure on the heavy cruiser ("pocket battleship") Admiral Graf Sp...

    File:Scharnhorst-WHV-April-2011.jpg In September 2000, a joint expedition to find the sunken battleship conducted by the BBC, NRK, and the Royal Norwegian Navy began. The underwater survey vessel Sverdrup II, operated by the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, was used to scan the sea floor. After locating a large submerged object, the resear...

    Breyer, Siegfried (1987). Schlachtschiff Scharnhorst (in German). Friedberg: Podzun-Pallas-Verlag. ISBN 3790903159.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
    Busch, Fritz-Otto (1956). The Drama of the Scharnhorst: Holocaust at Sea. New York, NY: Rinehart. OCLC 1277226.
    Campbell, John (1987). "Germany 1906–1922". In Sturton, Ian (ed.). Conway's All the World's Battleships: 1906 to the Present. London: Conway Maritime Press. pp. 28–49. ISBN 978-0-85177-448-0.
    Dönitz, Karl (1997). Memoirs: Ten Years and Twenty Days. New York, NY: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80764-0.
    Garret, Richard. Scharnhorst and Gneisenau: The Elusive Sisters. Hippocrene Books. 1978. ISBN 978-0-7153-7628-7
    Winton, John. Death of the Scharnhorst. Cassel. 2003. ISBN 978-0-304-35697-3
  4. This 31,500 tonne ship was named after the Prussian general and army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst and to commemorate the World War I armoured cruiser SMS Scharnhorst that was sunk in the Battle at the Falkland Islands in December 1914. Scharnhorst often sailed into battle accompanied by her sister-ship, Gneisenau.

  5. Name : Scharnhorst: Named After: Gerhard Johann von Scharnhorst: Ordered: January 1934: Builder: Kriegsmarinewerft: Laid Down: June 1935: Launched: October 1936