Gerhard Johann David von Scharnhorst (12 November 1755 – 28 June 1813) was a Hanoverian-born general in Prussian service from 1801. As the first Chief of the Prussian General Staff, he was noted for his military theories, his reforms of the Prussian army, and his leadership during the Napoleonic Wars.
Gneisenau (German pronunciation: [ˈɡnaɪ̯zənaʊ̯]) was a German capital ship, alternatively described as a battleship and battlecruiser, of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. She was the second vessel of her class , which included her sister ship, Scharnhorst .
The German battleship had been hit by three 14-inch shells from Prince of Wales. One 14-inch shell hit aft of the stack and demolished the stern of the captain's motor launch. Another 14-inch shell fell short, causing serious damage after following an underwater trajectory and hitting Bismarck below the waterline.
Tirpitz byl objednán jako Ersatz Schleswig-Holstein – jako náhrada za starý predreadnought SMS Schleswig-Holstein, pod smluvním názvem „G“. Kontrakt na stavbu získaly loděnice Kriegsmarinewerft ve Wilhelmshavenu a k položení kýlu došlo 20. října 1936.
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