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  1. Something of Platonism, nonetheless, survived in Aristotle’s system in his beliefs that the reality of anything lay in a changeless (though wholly immanent) form or essence comprehensible and definable by reason and that the highest realities were eternal, immaterial, changeless self-sufficient intellects which caused the ordered movement of the universe.

    • What Is Platonism?
    • A Taxonomy of Positions
    • The One Over Many Argument
    • The Singular Term Argument
    • The Epistemological Argument Against Platonism

    Platonism is the view that there exist abstract (that is, non-spatial,non-temporal) objects (see the entry on abstract objects). Because abstract objects are wholly non-spatiotemporal, it followsthat they are also entirely non-physical (they do not exist in thephysical world and are not made of physical stuff) and non-mental(they are not minds or i...

    There are not very many alternatives to platonism. One can reject theexistence of things like numbers and universals altogether. Or one canmaintain that there do exist such things as numbers and universals,and instead of saying that they are abstract objects, one can say thatthey are mental objects of some sort (usually, the claim is that theyare i...

    There are two mainstream arguments for platonism. The first, whichgoes back to Plato, is an argument for the existence of properties andrelations only; this is the One Over Many argument. Thesecond is also present in some sense in the works of Plato (at leaston some readings of those works), but its first modern formulation,and certainly the first ...

    The general argument strategy here has roots in the work of Plato, butits first clear formulation was given by Frege (1884, 1892,1893–1903, and 1919). We begin with a general formulation of theargument: 1. If a simple sentence (i.e., a sentence of the form‘a is F’, or ‘a isR-related to b’, or…) is literallytrue, then the objects that its singular t...

    Over the years, anti-platonist philosophers have presented a number ofarguments against platonism. One of these arguments stands out as thestrongest, namely, the epistemological argument. This argument goesall the way back to Plato, but it has received renewed interest since1973, when Paul Benacerraf presented a version of the argument. Mostof the ...

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › PlatonismPlatonism - Wikipedia

    Philosophers who affirm the existence of abstract objects are sometimes called platonists; those who deny their existence are sometimes called nominalists. The terms "platonism" and "nominalism" also have established senses in the history of philosophy. They denote positions that have little to do with the modern notion of an abstract object.

  3. The philosophy that suited them best was Platonism. Though Stoicism had exerted a considerable influence on Christian ethical thinking (which has persisted to modern times), Stoic corporealism—the belief that God and the soul are bodies of a subtle and peculiar kind—repelled most Christians, and Stoic pantheism was incompatible with Christianity.

    • The Problem
    • Platonism and Abstract Objects
    • Traditional Theism
    • Emerging Tensions
    • Selected Proposals
    • References and Further Reading

    Is the platonic metaphysical vision compatible with that of Traditional Theism? Some would contend that the two are compatible, while others would argue to the contrary. Platonists argue that at least some, if not all, abstract objects are uncreated, and exist necessarily and eternally; whereas Traditional Theism asserts that God exists as the uncr...

    Contemporary Platonism argues the existence of abstract objects. Abstract objects do not exist in space or time and are entirely non-physical and non-mental. Contemporary Platonism, while deriving from the teachings of Plato, is not directly reflective of the teachings of Plato. Abstract objects are non-physical entities in that they do not exist i...

    What are the central tenets of Traditional Theism? First, Traditional Theism and Classical Theism (hereafter referred to as Traditional Theism) are regarded as synonymous. Traditional Theism is supported in the writings of authors such as Moses Maimonides (1135-1204), the Islamic author Avicenna (980-1037), and the Christian author Thomas Aquinas (...

    As has been observed in this article, the apparent conflict between Platonism and Traditional Theism emerges from the central notion of Traditional Theism, that God is the absolute creator of everything existing distinct from himself; and the central claim of contemporary Platonism, that there exists a realm of necessarily existent abstract objects...

    Can the worldviews of Traditional Theism and Platonism be merged in a manner that does not compromise the core tenets of these seemingly divergent metaphysical perspectives? Proposals range from those which reject altogether the notion of compatibility to those that use the Augustinian notion of abstract ideas as products of the intellectual activi...

    a. Books

    1. Aquinas, T. (1948). Summa Theologiae, trans. Fathers of the English Dominican Province. U.S.A: Christian Classics. 2. Brown, C. (1968). Philosophy and the Christian Faith. Illinois: Intervarsity Press. 2.1. Provides an examination of the historical interaction of philosophical thought and Christian theology. 3. Campbell, K. (1990). Abstract Particulars. Basil Blackwell Ltd. 3.1. Provides an in-depth analysis of Abstract Particulars. 4. Davies, B. (2004) An Introduction to the Philosophy of...

    b. Articles

    1. Bergman, M., Brower, J. E. (2006). “A Theistic Argument against Platonism.” Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, 2, 357-386. 1.1. Discusses the logical inconsistency between Theism and Platonism by virtue of the aseity dependence doctrine. 2. Brower, J. E. “Making Sense of Divine Simplicity.” Unpublished. 2.1. Presents an in-depth analysis of the nature of divine simplicity. 3. Freddoso, A. (1983). “Review of Plantinga’s ‘Does God Have a Nature?’.” Christian Scholars Review, 12, 78-83. 3.1. An e...

    Author Information

    Eddy Carder Email: efcarder@pvamu.edu Prairie View A & M University U. S. A.