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  1. hace 4 días · Reading of Voltaire 's tragedy of the Orphan of China in the salon of Marie Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin in 1755, by Lemonnier, c. 1812. [note 1] The Age of Enlightenment or the Enlightenment [note 2] was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries with global influences and effects.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › PhilosophyPhilosophy - Wikipedia

    hace 5 días · Modern philosophy (beginning in the 17th century). Ancient era While our knowledge of the ancient era begins with Thales in the 6th century BCE, little is known about the philosophers who came before Socrates (commonly known as the pre-Socratics ). The ancient era was dominated by Greek philosophical schools.

  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › John_LockeJohn Locke - Wikipedia

    hace 3 días · John Locke FRS ( / lɒk /; 29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "father of liberalism ". [14] [15] [16] Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, Locke ...

  4. hace 3 días · It was the 17th-century arch-rationalists like Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz who have given the "Age of Reason" its name and place in history. Leibniz, Spinoza, [23] and Descartes were all well-versed in mathematics as well as philosophy, and Descartes and Leibniz contributed greatly to science as well. [24]

  5. hace 3 días · The medieval tradition of scholasticism continued to flourish as late as the 17th century, in figures such as Francisco Suárez and John of St. Thomas. During the Middle Ages, Western philosophy was also influenced by the Jewish philosophers Maimonides and Gersonides ; and the Muslim philosophers Alkindus , Alfarabi , Alhazen , Avicenna , Algazel , Avempace , Abubacer , and Averroes .

  6. hace 3 días · Spinoza's philosophy encompasses nearly every area of philosophical discourse, including metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science. It earned Spinoza an enduring reputation as one of the most important and original thinkers of the seventeenth century.