7 de febrero: en Garmisch-Partenkirchen ( Baviera, Alemania) se inauguran los Juegos Olímpicos de invierno de 1936. 9 de febrero: se constituye la primera Logia AJEF (Asociación de Jóvenes Esperanza de la Fraternidad), con el nombre de "Esperanza", iniciándose a 82 jóvenes en el Salón de actos de la Gran Logia de la isla de Cuba.
1936 serves as the end and start date for the grand strategy video games Victoria II and Hearts of Iron IV by Paradox Development Studio, respectively. Note [ edit ] ^ The result scoreboard at that time had place only for three numbers, as organizing committee wasn't really prepared for one hundred metres barrier to be broken.
1936 Summer Olympics: The United States men's national basketball team wins its first ever Olympic basketball tournament in the final game over Canada, 19–8. October–December [ edit ] October 6 – The New York Yankees defeat the New York Giants (baseball) , 4 games to 2, to win their 5th World Series Title.
August 5, 1936 (Wednesday) The naval battle known as the Convoy de la victoria was fought in the Strait of Gibraltar, resulting in a Nationalist victory. Chicago and Southern Flight 4: A Chicago and Southern Airlines plane crashed on a farm near St. Louis, killing all 8 aboard. Jesse Owens won gold in the 200-metre dash.
The 1936 United States presidential election was the 38th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1936. In the midst of the Great Depression, incumbent Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican Governor Alf Landon of Kansas. Roosevelt won the highest share of the popular and electoral vote since the ...
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- Franklin D. Roosevelt
- John Nance Garner
- Host City Selection
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At the 28th IOC Session, held during 1930, in Berlin, 14 cities announced their intention to bid to host the 1936 Summer Olympic Games. The bidding for these Olympic Games was the first to be contested by IOC members casting votes for their own favorite host cities. The vote occurred on 26 April 1931, at the 29th IOC Session held in Barcelona, Spain that year. The vote was held days after the declaration of the Second Spanish Republic and during the final years of the Weimar Republic. This was two years before Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Partyrose to power in Germany, in 1933. By the time of the 1931 IOC Session, only Barcelona and Berlin were left in contention for the delegate vote. Rome withdrew on the eve of the vote. How other candidates withdrew is unclear, as is the seriousness of intent behind all of the listed candidate cities. The other cities who announced an intention to hold the games, but which withdrew from the race, were Alexandria, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Cologne, Dub...
Hans von Tschammer und Osten, as Reichssportführer (i.e., head of the Deutscher Reichsbund für Leibesübungen(DRL), the Reich Sports Office), played a major role in the structure and organisation of the Olympics. He promoted the idea that the use of sports would harden the German spirit and instill unity among German youth. At the same time he also believed that sports was a "way to weed out the weak, Jewish, and other undesirables". Von Tschammer trusted the details of the organisation of the games to Theodor Lewald and Carl Diem, the former president and secretary of the Deutscher Reichsausschuss für Leibesübungen, the forerunner of the Reich Sports Office. Among Diem's ideas for the Berlin Games was the introduction of the Olympic torch relay between Greeceand the host nation.
Twenty-two venues were used for the 1936 Summer Olympics. Many were located in the Reich Sportsfeldcomplex. Sailing was held in the Bay of Kiel, which would serve as the sailing venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics held in Munich. The Olympic Stadium would later be part of two FIFA World Cups and then host an IAAF World Championships in Athletics along with undergoing a renovation in the early 2000s to give new life to the stadium. Avus Motor Road (AVUS) was started in 1907, but was not completed until 1921 due to World War I. The track was rebuilt for the 1936 Games. AVUS continued being used after World War II though mainly in Formula 2 racing. The German Grand Prix was last held at the track in 1959.Dismantling of the track first took place in 1968 to make way for a traffic crossing for touring cars that raced there until 1998. BSV 92 Field was first constructed in 1910 for use in football, handball, athletics, and tennis. The Reich Sports Field, which consisted of the Olympic Stad...
The opening ceremony was held at the Berlin Olympic Stadium on 1 August 1936. A flyover by the German airship Hindenburg flying the Olympic flag behind it was featured early in the opening ceremonies. After the arrival of Hitler and his entourage, the parade of nations proceeded, each nation with its own unique costume. As the birthplace of the Olympics, Greece entered the stadium first. The host nation, Germany, entered last. Some nations' athletes purposefully gave the Nazi salute as they p...
129 events in 25 disciplines, comprising 19 sports, were part of the Olympic program in 1936. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses. Basketball, canoeing, and handball made their debut at the Olympics. Handball did not appear again on the program until the next German summer Olympic games in Munich in 1972. Demonstration sports were Art, Baseball, Gliding, and Wushu. A team from India gave demonstrations of Kabaddi, Mallakhamband other traditional Indian sports but w...
The ten nations that won most medals at the 1936 Games. * Host nation (Germany)
Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler saw the Games as an opportunity to promote his government and ideals of racial supremacy. The official Nazi party paper, the Völkischer Beobachter, wrote in the strongest terms that Jewish people and Black people should not be allowed to participate in the Games. However, when threatened with a boycott of the Games by other nations, he relented and allowed Black people and Jewish people to participate, and added one token participant to the German team—a German woman, Helene Mayer, who had a Jewish father. At the same time, the party removed signs stating "Jews not wanted" and similar slogans from the city's main tourist attractions. In an attempt to "clean up" the host city, the German Ministry of the Interior authorized the chief of police to arrest all Romani and keep them in a "special camp", the Berlin-Marzahn concentration camp.Complete official IOC report. Part I Archived 25 June 2008 at the Wayback MachineUnited States Holocaust Memorial Museum – Online Exhibition: Nazi Olympics: Berlin 1936Barry, James P. The Berlin Olympics.World Focus Books.Grix, Jonathan, and Barrie Houlihan. "Sports mega-events as part of a nation's soft power strategy: The cases of Germany (2006) and the UK (2012)." British journal of politics and international rel...Hart-Davis, Duff. Hitler's Games: The 1936 Olympics.Hilton, Christopher. Hitler's Olympics: The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games.
- Aspectos políticos
- Antorcha Olímpica
- Países Participantes
- Véase también
- Enlaces Externos
La ciudad de Berlín fue seleccionada como sede en 1931, más de un año antes del nombramiento de Adolf Hitler como Canciller de Alemania. Cabe resaltar la primera intención de boicot a los juegos por parte del equipo de los Estados Unidos, pero finalmente optaron por participar. Hitler aprovechó la instancia deportiva para demostrar al mundo la "magnificencia" del nazismo y encargó un elaborado programa de difusión al ministro de propaganda Joseph Goebbels, quien a su vez encargó la puesta en escena a Albert Speer y la supervisión y filmación a la fotógrafa Leni Riefenstahl. El 1 de agosto, durante la inauguración de los Juegos Olímpicos de Berlín, como una muestra de la grandeza del poderío alemán, el célebre dirigible Hindenburgsobrevoló el estadio olímpico momentos antes de la aparición de Hitler. España, por primera y única vez en la historia, boicoteó estos Juegos y no participó. Había organizado como alternativa la Olimpiada Popular en Barcelona, suspendida por comenzar la...
Esta olimpiada fue la primera en la que se hizo una carrera de relevos para traer el fuego olímpico desde Grecia al sitio de los juegos. La idea provino de Carl Diem (jefe del comité organizador) pues veía al Tercer Reich como una continuación del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico, que a su vez se veía como una continuación del Imperio romano, quienes se veían como una continuación cultural de los antiguos griegos. Del 20 de julio al 1 de agosto, 3422 relevistas llevaron la antorcha olímpica en un recorrido de 3422 kilómetros cuya ruta fue (a grandes rasgos) así: 1. Grecia: Olimpia, Atenas, Tesalónica. 2. Bulgaria: Sofía 3. Yugoslavia: Belgrado 4. Hungría: Budapest 5. Austria: Viena 6. Checoslovaquia: Praga 7. Alemania: Dresde, Berlín. Un relevo secundario llevó la llama olímpica hasta Kiel.
Los siguientes países participaron en los juegos: Afganistán, Alemania Nazi, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bélgica, Bermudas, Bolivia, Brasil, Bulgaria, Canadá, Checoslovaquia, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dinamarca, Egipto, Estados Unidos, Estonia, Filipinas, Finlandia, Francia, Grecia, Hungría, Islandia, India, Italia, Japón, Letonia, Liechtenstein, Luxemburgo, Malta, México, Mónaco, Noruega, Nueva Zelanda, Países Bajos, Perú, Polonia, Portugal, Reino Unido, Rumania, Sudáfrica, Suecia, Suiza, Turquía, Uruguay y Yugoslavia. España no participó, ya que el gobierno de la Segunda República Española estaba organizando en Barcelona unas Olimpiadas paralelas con el fin de no dar alas al fascismo y boicotear a la Alemania de Hitler. En esta Olimpiada Popular iban a participar más atletas que en las oficiales, pero nunca se llegaron a celebrar porque el día antes de su comienzo, el 18 de julio de 1936, se produjo el Golpe de estado contra el gobierno de la República, que daría luga...Portal:Juegos Olímpicos. Contenido relacionado con Juegos Olímpicos.