The German Confederation ( German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 predominantly German-speaking sovereign states in Central Europe. It was created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 as a replacement of the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.
The German Confederation replaced the Holy Roman Empire in Central Europe. After the Holy Roman Empire fell, Germany had fallen into over 300 different small kingdoms. In 1815, the Congress of Vienna decided that these weak kingdoms were not strong enough to keep France from trying to take them over, which it had already done once under Napoleon.
Map of the German Confederation (in German) The states of the German Confederation were member states of the German Confederation, from 20 June 1815 until 24 August 1866. On the whole, its territory nearly coincided with that remaining in the Holy Roman Empire at the outbreak of the French Revolution, with the notable exception of Belgium.
- Creation of the North German Confederation
- Political system
- Customs Union
- Transition to the German Empire (1870–71)
- Postage stamps
The North German Confederation was a German federation that existed from July 1867 to December 1870. It is the first period of the German nation state, which is known today as the Federal Republic of Germany. The Confederation came into existence after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 over the lordship of two small Danish duchies claimed by Prussia ...
For most of 1815–1848, Austria and Prussia worked together and used the German Confederation as a tool to suppress liberal and national ambitions in the German population. In 1849, the National Assembly in Frankfurt elected the Prussian king as the Emperor of a Lesser ...
Prussia and Austria signed a Nikolsburg preliminary and a final peace treaty of Prague. Austria affirmed the Prussian view that the German Confederation was dissolved. Prussia was allowed to create a "closer federation" in Germany north of the river Main. Bismarck had already agr
Bismarck sought advice from conservative and democratic politicians and finally presented a draft constitution to the other state governments. A major factor in determining the form the new federal government would take was the aftermath of the recently concluded American Civil W
The North German Constitution of 16 April 1867 created a national parliament with universal suffrage, the Reichstag. Another important organ was the Bundesrat, the 'federal council' of the representatives of the state governments. To adopt a law, a majority in the Reichstag and in the Bundesrat was necessary. This gave the allied governments, meani...
In June 1867 a conference took place between Prussia and the south German states, who were not members of the North German Confederation. After pressure from Prussia, new Customs Union treaties were signed the following month. Henceforth, the governing bodies of the Customs Union were the Bundesrat and Reichstag of the North German Confederation, a...
In mid-1870, a diplomatic crisis concerning the Spanish throne led eventually to the Franco-Prussian War. During the war, in November 1870, the south German states of Bavaria, Württemberg, and Baden joined the North German Confederation. On this occasion, the country adopted a new constitution, and the name of the federal state was changed to Deuts...
One of the functions of the confederation was to handle mail and issue postage stamps.
German Confederation Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge The German Confederation ( German: Deutscher Bund) wis a luise association o 39 German states in Central Europe, creatit bi the Congress o Vienna in 1815 tae coordinate the economies o separate German-speakin kintras an tae replace the umwhile Haly Roman Empire. References