Anunciorelacionado con: Republic of Ireland wikipedia
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Ireland ( Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ( listen) ), also known as the Republic of Ireland ( Poblacht na hÉireann ), [a] is a country in north-western Europe consisting of 26 of the 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, on the eastern side of the island.
- Unitary parliamentary republic
The Republic of Ireland today ranks among the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita and in 2015 was ranked the sixth most developed nation in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index.
- 84,421 km² (32,595 sq mi)
- Northwestern Europe
- Northern Ireland
Hoy en día, el nombre oficial del Estado es Irlanda, Ireland (en inglés) y Éire (en irlandés). República de Irlanda, Republic of Ireland o Poblacht na hÉireann es la escritura del texto oficial.
In 1949, only 26 counties explicitly became a republic under the terms of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948, definitively ending its tenuous membership of the British Commonwealth. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Communities (EC) as a member state which would later become the European Union (EU).
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Several hundred years ago, the English took over the country and made it part of the United Kingdom in 1801. After many years of revolution, Ireland gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1922 and has been an independent country since then. It was a neutral country during World War II.
The state extends over an area of about five-sixths (70,273 km2 or 27,133 sq mi) of the island of Ireland (84,421 km2 or 32,595 sq mi), with Northern Ireland being the rest. Ireland is one of the countries in Europe with the least forests. Today, only about 10% of Ireland is covered with forests. The total land area dedicated to farming is 64%.
The head of State, the President, is elected for seven years by the adult citizens. The same president can only be elected twice (14 years). Most of the president's tasks are representing and ceremonial ones. The president has little power over the government. Ireland is a democracy and people vote for their representatives. The Taoiseach(equivalen...
Notes 1. ↑ Prior to 2002, Ireland used the punt(Irish pound) as its circulated currency. The euro was introduced as an accounting currency in 1999.
The principle of an all-island Republic remains a central aspiration of at least three of the main political parties in the Republic of Ireland (Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael and Sinn Féin) and of two of the main political parties in Northern Ireland (Sinn Féin and the SDLP). Irish Republic in the post-Treaty Republican tradition